Fisheries Department activities (Tamil Nadu)_2013


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This presentation gives a quick account of the activities of the Fisheries department in inland fisheries and aquaculture in Tamil Nadu. It also talks about the development of fish culture in community ponds& tanks and the need for reforms in community tank management.

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Fisheries Department activities (Tamil Nadu)_2013

  1. 1. Role of Fisheries Fisheries & Aquaculture Promotes rural livelihoods Complements food and nutritional security Generates employment opportunity  Contributes to GDP Earns foreign exchange
  2. 2. Cont’d… Cont:d… Marine Fisheries Capture fisheries Stagnated or over exploited Climate Change impacts seasonal fishery Coastal pollution Indiscriminate, Unregulated, Unreported Fishing Inland Fisheries Catch statistics poor Resources vulnerable to habitat degradation Multi user and different ownership of water resources
  3. 3. Cont’d… Cont:d… Aquaculture Fastest-growing food sector  Annual growth rate 8.8% 59.9 million tonnes in 2010 Value US$119 billion China produces >60% total Last frontier to meet food security for future generation
  4. 4. Cont’d… Cont:d… Fishers and Fish Farmers Fisheries offer employment opportunities Nearly 55 million-mostly small-scale Over half of them are women involved in secondary sector 10-12% world’s population depend on fisheries
  5. 5. Cont’d… Cont:d… India Total Fish Production (2011-2012) Total Fish Production ( Marine & Inland) 8.67 million tonnes Marine 3.37 million tonnes Inland 5.30 million tonnes Export Fish and Fishery Products (2011-12) Qty 8.62 lakh metric tonnes Export Fish and Fishery Products (2011-12) Value Rs.16,597.23 crores GDP at current prices (Fisheries Sector) Rs.76,699 crores GDP share in overall 1.07percent GDP share in Agriculture 4.15 percent
  6. 6. Cont’d… Cont:d…  Tamil Nadu ranks  4th in Marine fish production (3.65 lakh MTs) 1st rank – Gujarat – 6.87 lakh MTs  9th in Inland fish production (1.76 lakh MTs) 1st rank – West Bengal – 13.25 lakh MTs Per capita consumption of fish per year    World average India Tamil Nadu - 17.10 kg - 11.50 kg - 9.0 kg Recommended fish consumption – 13.0 kg
  7. 7. Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture in Tamil Nadu
  8. 8. Tamil Nadu-Inland Fisheries at a Glance 1 Inland Fishery Resource 3,73,696 ha 970mm. 2 Annual rain fall 3 No. of Reservoir 53 8 61 4 Induced Carp Spawning Centre 4 4 8 5 Fish seed rearing centers 27 6 33 6 Inland Fisher folk population 2,21,705 nos.
  9. 9. Source wise Inland Fish Production Resources Reservoirs No. Area (ha.) Percentage Fish Production (in tonnes) Percentage 61 52,055 13.93 1,922.30 Long Seasonal Irrigation Tanks 2012 92,304 24.70 69,269.56 39 Short Seasonal Tanks 6007 163486 43.75 84,894.99 48 Brackish water & Swamps - 56,000 14.99 10,744.00 6 9,851 2.63 9,394.15 6 3,73,696 100 1,71,305.00 Others Total 1 100
  10. 10. Cont’d… Inland Fisheries  Fish Production  Potential - 4.5 lakh tonnes  Production (2011-12) 1.76 Lakh tonnes  Fish Seed  Demand–23.2crore fingerlings  Supply-19.2crore fingerlings  Gap – 4.0 crore fingerlings
  11. 11. Cont’d… Tamil Nadu Inland Fish Production- Recent Trends (2002-2012) Inland Fish Production (In MTs) 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0
  12. 12. Cont’d… Why Aquaculture? Increase in food production by over 40% by 2030 & over 70% by 2050 Global fish production -  Indian Fishery sector - 1950–51- 0.75 million tonnes - 2008-09 – 7.62 million tonnes 143.6 million tonnes 40% by Aquaculture Capture fishery at cross roads Over 70% of resources exploited
  13. 13. Cont’d… Agriculture & Fish Culture Income – A Comparison Criteria Agriculture Aquaculture Area 2500 sq.m. (1 acre) 2500 sq.m. Production 40 bags (paddy) 1500 kg (fish) Value Rs.40000/- (approx) Rs.90,000/- Expenditure Rs.25,000/- Rs.63,750/- Income Rs.15,000/- Rs.26,250/- No. of Crops 2 2 Total income / yr Rs.30,000/- Rs.52,500/-
  14. 14. Cont’d… Scope for Increasing Fish Production  Fish culture in open water bodies.  Fish farming in excavated ponds.  Integrated fish Animal Husbandry.  Innovative fish farming practices like Pen farming, Cage farming, Raceway culture & recirculation system. farming with Agriculture &
  15. 15. Cont’d… Prospects  Productivity of Water bodies can be improved by stocking right mix of fast growing fish varieties. The productivity can be enhanced from 25 kg/ha (Natural water bodies - auto stocked varieties) to 150 – 200 kg/ha by stocking advanced fish fingerlings  Indian Major Carps (IMC) and Chinese Carps seed Production technology is available.  Fast growing fish varieties suitable for short seasonal tanks are available for culture  All the natural feed available in water bodies can be best utilized by stocking of composition of fish seeds utilizing different levels of water column.
  16. 16. Cont’d…  In fish culture – water is a medium & no consumptive value. Pond water enriched with nutrients can be utilized for agriculture. Due to enrichment of nutrients, agriculture production is improved. Grass carp eradicates weeds faster and the faecal matter enriches the bottom soil. Fish culture can be well integrated with agriculture ,horticulture crops &animal husbandry
  17. 17. Cont’d… Constraints in Inland Fisheries Development No perennial Rivers in Tamil Nadu. Inadequate & erratic rain fall.  Major carp seed production season (May - August) not coinciding with availability of water in ponds/tanks (NE monsoon, October – December) Mismatch of demand & supply of fish seed. Water is prioritized for agriculture. Non availability of candidate species for stocking in short seasonal tanks. Lack of awareness among the farmers.
  18. 18. Cont’d… Cold Water Fisheries Fish thriving in upland streams above 750 mts, MSL, below 15 C water temperature. Upland streams in the Nilgiris offer immense developing sport fishery. potential for Trout Farm at Avalanche at the Nilgiris is a 100 year old farm The streams are stocked with Trout fish produced from Avalanchi Trout Farm by the Department and licences are issued to the anglers.
  19. 19. Cont’d… Chinese Hatchery
  20. 20. Cont’d… Fish Seed Rearing Farm, Mordana, Vellore
  21. 21. Cont’d… Cage rearing of fish seeds
  22. 22. Fish seed Rearing by NADP beneficiaries
  23. 23. Cont’d… Integrated Fish Farming
  24. 24. Cont’d… Aquaculture in Farm Pond
  25. 25. Cont’d… Pen Culture
  26. 26. Cont’d… Fish Harvest
  27. 27. Cont’d… Ornamental Fish Industry  The sector attracts lots of revenue with the increasing trend of aquarium fish hobbyists  Backyard type by rural mass to augment their income  Kolathur (Thiruvallur Dt) is a major hub in Tamilnadu. Flower Horn Activity Kolathur TN Ornamental seed production units 86 146 Rearing units 54 86 Retail outlet 32 287 Koi Carp
  28. 28. Cont’d… Commercially Important Freshwater Ornamental fishes Arowana Discus Gold Fish Oscar Fish
  29. 29. Cont’d… Marine Ornamental Fish Marine Ornamental fish industry is also fast developing Breeding techniques have been standardized for fishes like Clown fishes Clown Fish Jelly Fish Butterfly Fish Lion Fish
  30. 30. Cont’d… Brackish water Aquaculture  Potential Brackishwater area -56,000 Ha.  1600 Shrimp farms have been registered in Tamilnadu.  Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) is registering the Brackish water Shrimp farms (Mandatory).  Litopenaeus vannamei (American White Shrimp) and Penaeus monodon (Tiger Shrimp) are the major species cultured. P. monodon L. vannamei
  31. 31. Cont’d… New Initiatives in Aquaculture Cobia - Rachycentron canadum -A fastest growing marine fish Research Projects are underway for breeding and cage culture. Asian Seabass- Lates calcarifer Thetechnology for the seed production have been developed
  32. 32. Cont’d… Amur carp Hungary strain of common carp. Rapid Growth GIFT TilapiaHaving higher growth than other strains of Tilapia
  33. 33. Cont’d… Cage Farming - Features  In addition to the production from water bodies, surface water spread can be utilised for augmenting fish production.  Fast growth achieved in controlled environment.  High Stocking density – 150 -200 nos./Cu.m  High production in less space – 2000 MTs/ Ha.  High stocking density with high protein pellet feed ensures high production  Feed Conversion Ratio is low due to controlled feeding.  Easier handling, identification of fish disease, preventive measures and harvesting of fish  Harvest can done as per the Market demand
  34. 34. Cont’d… Cage Farming - Thoppaiar dam
  35. 35. Cage culture
  36. 36. Cont’d… Intensive Fish Farming Water Exchange 100% every day Cat fish culture in Malaysia
  37. 37. Department of Fisheries- Activities at a Glance
  38. 38. Objectives of Fisheries Department  To conserve the fishery wealth  Manage the resources for sustainable fish production.  To encourage fishers to exploit the under-utilized fishery resources and to reduce fishing pressure in the inshore areas.  To strengthen the infrastructure facilities for fish landing and marketing.  To uplift the socio-economic status of the fishers.  To promote sustainable, eco-friendly aquaculture practices.  To generate rural employment opportunities in Fisheries and allied activities.  To promote Exports and thereby increase foreign exchange earnings.  To promote scientific Inland Aquaculture and fish production
  39. 39. Major schemes
  40. 40. Cont’d… Resource/Production Enhancement  Conservation and management of Fishery resources • Enforcement of Tamil Nadu Marine Fishing Regulation Act, 1983 is a regulating measure as part of conservation and management of marine resources  Setting up of artificial reefs • Government have sanctioned a sum of Rs.2.93 crore towards the installation of 19 units in coastal districts of Tamil Nadu
  41. 41. Cont’d…  Providing 50% subsidy assistance for procuring new tuna long liners  Deep sea fishing – Stationing of Mother Ship Concept • The Government have announced an innovative project on establishment of “Mid Sea Fish Processing Units cum Carrier Mother Vessel” as a pilot Project under Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode  Stocking of advanced fingerlings in reservoirs with assistance from NFDB
  42. 42. Cont’d…  Fish seed production/ Fish seed rearing centers  There are 4 Fish Seed Production Centres functioning under the control of Fisheries Department at Bhavanisagar in Erode district, Mettur in Salem district, Manimuthar in Tirunelveli district and Karanthai in Thanjavur district.  From these 4 fish seed production centres, 189 million early fry have been produced during the year 2012-13  For the current year , it is proposed to produce 250 million early fry  Under the control of the Department of Fisheries, 28 fish seed rearing centres are functioning.  It is proposed to rear 775lakh fish seeds
  43. 43. Cont’d…  Providing technical guidance and extending subsidy to fish farmers through 12 Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA)  Promotion of ecofriendly aquaculture practices through 5 Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agency (BFDA)  Development of cold water Fisheries  Western Ghats Development Programme • Under conservation and development of watershed in Western Ghats, aquaculture and Fisheries activities are being taken up.
  44. 44. Special Projects
  45. 45. 1.TN IAMWARM OBJECTIVES Integrate aquaculture & enhance unit productivity of water. Increase inland fish production & per-capita fish consumption. Provide avenues for additional income to farmers. Infrastructure facilities for fish seed production. Introduce and popularize innovative aquaculture technologies. Capacity building of farmers on aquaculture. Strengthen inland fish marketing.
  46. 46. Cont’d… INTERVENTIONS  Aquaculture in farm ponds  Establishing fish seed banks  Improvement to Government Seed Farms  Fish seed rearing in cages  Ornamental fish culture unit  Intensive fish culture in irrigation tanks  Supply of fishing implements  Modern Fish Kiosk  Cage Farming  Seed rearing in Pens  Capacity Building
  47. 47. 4.National Agriculture Development Programme (NADP)  Central Sector Flagship Scheme Ministry of Agriculture-GOI-implemented from 2007-2008.
  48. 48. NADP SCHEMES 2012-13 Project Repair and renovation of existing fish seed farm at Bhavanisagar Outlay (Rs in lakh) 505.65 Establishment of Modern Mobil Fish Marketing vehicles and Mobile Sea Food Restaurant Vehicles in Major Cities and Towns of Tamil Nadu by (TNFDC Ltd) 90.90 Subsidy Assistance to Fishing Crafts in West Coast to take up Squid Jigging 41.41 Repair & Renovation and Creation of additional facility to Government Fish Seed Farm of Tamilnadu Mettur Dam 303.00 Krishnagiri Dam 363.60 Tamilnadu Fisheries Development Corporation Limited Farms Aliyar Fish Farm Amaravathy Fish Farm Thirumoorthy Fish Farm 165.64 Palar-Poranthalar Fish Farm Sathanoor Fish Farm 49
  49. 49. Contd., Upgradation of the existing Government Brackish water fish farm with Bio Security arrangements and additional infrastructure facilities to undertaking SPF L.vannamei. 139.605 Training on Capacity Building of the Staff of Fisheries Department 12.12 Capacity Building by Imparting Extension Education to Marine Fisherwomen Cooperative Society Members in other States and Strengthening The Marketing Infrastructure. 13.13 Establishment of live feed culture unit for ornamental fishes and fish disease diagnostic centre at Chetpet 0.56 Input subsidy assistance to earthen fish seed rearing farms Establishment of modern fish retail outlet and fish food restaurant at any one major town of Tamil nadu (TAFCOFED) 20.00 Construction of Government Fish Seed Farm at Athur TOTAL 501.650 50
  50. 50. National Mission for Protein Supplement. (NMPS) A) CAGE CULTURE Outlay : Rs. 10.42 Crore (2011-12- Rs. 3.34 Crore & 2012-13-Rs. 7.08 Crore)  48 cages deployed in Poondi Reservoir and culture under progress.
  51. 51. Cont’d… B.Integrated Aquaculture unit at Thanjavur under NMPS 2012-13 Project Outlay : Rs.250.00 lakhs Project Details : Cost / unit (Rs. In lakhs) Inputs Fish hatchery Fish farm Inputs 15.00 104.00 40.00 no of units. 1 50 ha. 50 ha. Expected Output:  16 million fingerlings per annum can be produced. 180 tonnes fish worth of Rs108 lakh per crop will be produced.
  52. 52. Installation of Artificial Reefs (Fish Aggregating Device)  To increase marine fish production by deploying Artificial fish habitats along the coast. 53
  53. 53. Fish Seed Production Centres Kandarathittam, Ariyalur District Pombur in Virdhunagar Dist Ogalur, Perambalur District Parambur at Pudukottai District
  54. 54. NADP SUCCESS STORY – Fish Seed Rearing Centre  Thiru.M. Ramajeyam of Sathur Agriculture farmer switched to Fish culture.  Established seed rearing unit under NADP 2009-10 scheme.  Total cost of project-Rs 3.00 lakhs out of which subsidy Rs1.50 lakhs.  3 lakhs fingerlings produced per year NET PROFIT is Rs 1.50 lakhs.
  57. 57. National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB)  Provides financial assistance - development of various fisheries schemes.  One of the important schemes of NFDB is Reservoir Fisheries Management  Advanced fingerlings stocking - increase survival and fish production.  Reservoir stocking and Reservoir management training – Rs.354.54 lakhs provided. 229.09 lakhs fingerlings stocked & 4430 beneficiaries trained.  Other schemes implementation- Rs.11.60 lakhs.  Exposure training to the Fish Farmers to other states.  Input subsidy - fish farmers for fish seed rearing centers -established under NADP.
  59. 59. Sl. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Relief / Assistance Accident Relief (a) Death due to Accident (b) Loss of both hands (c) Loss of both legs (d) Loss of one hand and one leg (e) Loss of sight in both eyes (f) Loss of limbs due to Major injuries other than the above items Death during fishing or after fishing other than accidental death Fisherman missing during fishing Natural death Funeral Expenses Assistance for Education to son or daughter of the member a) Pass in 10th Std
  60. 60. Contd., 7 8 9 b) Pass in 12th Std c) ITI and Polytechnic d) Bachelor Degree in Arts e) Post Graduate Degree f) Professional courses (Law, Engineering, and Medicine etc.) g)Post Graduate Professional courses Marriage Assistance a) Marriage Assistance to Member b)Marriage Assistance to son or daughter of member Delivery or Miscarriage of Pregnancy or Termination of Pregnancy Delivery Miscarriage Termination Old Age Pension ( Above 65 years)
  61. 61.  A total of 4.23 lakh Fishermen / Fisherwomen labourers were enrolled as members in the Board.  9211 claims have been settled and Relief / Assistance totalling Rs.3,48,09,850/- under various schemes have been disbursed during the year 2012-13.  The Relief Assistance disbursed to beneficiaries through ECS.  Rs.25 lakh has been exclusively allotted for creating of corpus fund for extending financial assistance for pursing higher education to the children of missing / diseased fishermen by shooting while in fishing.
  62. 62. Role of Administrators in Fisheries Development  Monitoring and Implementation of Welfare and development Schemes, Co-ordinate with District Collectors for Speedy implementation.  Co-ordinating with District Collectors / Marine Police / Indian Navy / Coast Guard in Coastal Security.  As Member Secretary of State level Committees, Coastal Aqua culture authority, Co-ordinate with District level Committee in processing applications for issue of license to aqua farms.  As Chairman of the Fish Farmers Development Agency/ Brackish Water Development Agency of the respective Districts and ensure adequate thrust for overall Fisheries Development.  To ensure effective implementation of Tamil Nadu Marine Fisheries Regulation Act for sustainable, Eco-friendly Fisheries Development.  Conservation and protection of natural aquatic resources, critical coastal habitats, prevention of banned fish species, destructive fishing methods.
  63. 63. Rural aquaculture usually comprises farming of aquatic organisms by small-scale farming households or communities, usually using extensive or semi-intensive low cost production technology appropriate to their resource base. The village people are the ideal group for the adoption of location specific conservation and resource management techniques for sustainable aquaculture in remote areas There are many ponds and tanks in India that are not used for fish culture because they are usually a common property resource. A community effort to establish a productive venture is an economically viable use of these waterbodies
  64. 64. Development of fish culture in community ponds& tanks Social and economic factors responsible for the decline in the tank based activities • Though the tanks exist geographically in the village vicinity, its control and administration has moved to a distant place. For those who control them from a distance, the tank is merely a physical object and a source of revenue. •. Multiple ownership of water bodies - PWD, Fisheries, Forest, Panchayat and Rural Development ,HR&CE, etc • Different leasing policy &different period of lease • Emergence of livelihood patterns that are increasingly independent of tankbased occupations. • Siltation and encroachment of the tanks with little care to maintain the waterholding capacity and free inflow of water
  65. 65. Minimum fund allocations for maintenance and repairs on tank system. • poor and regular management of its structures and distribution system. • involvement of multiple water users and lack of coordination among them. • growing conflicts between tank bed cultivators (including unauthorized) and command farmers. • Increased control by the government agencies with accountability.
  66. 66. Need of Reforms in the community tank management •To develop, conserve and strengthen water sector through participatory system in tanks to improve livelihoods of the rural people •To facilitate community-driven approach in all aspects from project preparation to its implementation •To promote and undertake efforts for integrated interventions and operational convergence in related sectors, viz., Agriculture, Horticulture, Sericulture, Forestry, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Ground Water Management, Watershed Development and other related departments •To plan, promote and organise activities of capacity building including awareness campaigns, farmers meet and other programmes
  67. 67. Schemes under NFDB assistance 1. Intensive Aquaculture of Ponds and Tanks 2. Reservoir Fisheries 3. Coastal Aquaculture 4. Mariculture 5. Seaweed Cultivation 6. Infrastructure : Fishing Harbors and Fish Landing Centres 7. Fish Dressing Centres & Solar Drying of Fish 8. Domestic Marketing 9. Technology Upgradation 10. Human Resource Development Programmes 11. Deep Sea Fishing and Tuna Processing 12. Other Activities
  68. 68. Source wise Inland Fish Production Resources Reservoirs No. Area (ha.) Percentag e Fish Production (in tonnes) Percentage 61 52,055 13.93 1,922.30 Long Seasonal Irrigation Tanks 2012 92,304 24.70 69,269.56 39 Short Seasonal Tanks 6007 163486 43.75 84,894.99 48 Brackish water & Swamps - 56,000 14.99 10,744.00 6 9,851 2.63 9,394.15 6 3,73,696 100 1,71,305.00 Others Total 1 100
  69. 69. Major Departments/Agencies involved in Development of Inland Fisheries 1 Department of Fisheries, Govt. of Tamil Nadu 2 Tamil Nadu Fisheries Development Corporation, Chennai 3 Central Institute of Fresh Water Aquaculture, Bhuneshwar (CIFA) 4 Central Institute of Brackish Water Aquaculture, Chennai (CIBA) 5 National Fisheries Development Board, Hyderabad (NFDB) 6 National Agricultural Development Programme, New Delhi (NADP) 7 National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) 8 Marine Products Export Development Authority, Cochin (MPEDA) 9 Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore (CIFRI) Hill Area Development Programme (HADP) 10 11 (TNFDC) Other Govt Departments implementing rural livelihood /underdeveloped community