LITIGATION OR LEGAL BATTLE – this occurs when conflict between individuals or groups can no longer be resolved amicably so it is taken to the courts when a judge resides on a merits of the case.
TWO TYPES OF COMPETITION
SOCIAL PROCESSES: THEIR INTERRELETIONSHIPS
TOLERATION This occurs when both parties realizethat a settlement of conflict is impossible.ASSIMILATION refers to the process of interpenetrationand fusion in which persons and groupsacquire the memories, sentiments andattitudes of other persons or groups and bysharing their experiences andhistory, which are incorporated with themin cultural life (Ogburn & Nimkoff, 1970).
ACCULTURATION is a process and effect of significantchange through mutual borrowings andadoptions by people of different culturesin contact with some continuity(Reynolds, 1971).2. Disjunctive Social ProcessesCONFLICT occurs when two goals with equalimportance (resources and opportunities)are scarce.
COSER (1968) Conflict is a “struggle over values orclaims to status, power and scarceresources in which the claims of theconflicting parties are not only to give thedesired values but also to neutralize, injureor eliminate rivals”.
SIMMEL classified Conflict into four:1) WAR - A destructive and violent way tosettle conflicts and disputes, this isresorted to by men when they havetensions and economic, demographic andtechnological differences.2) FEUD – This conflict is rampant amongclans, fraternities and politics; it istriggered by feelings of bitternessbetween parties or groups.
3) LITIGATION OR LEGAL BATTLE - Thisoccurs when conflict between individualsor groups can no longer be resolvedamicably so it is taken to the courts whena judge resides on a merits of the case.4) CONFLICT OF IMPERSONAL IDEALS -This is carried on by individuals or groupsfor a principle or an ideal not for personalbenefit but for the group or society’s wellbeing.
Albitration - is often used to settle labordisputes.COMPROMISE occurs when the conflicting partiesagree to settle for less than their demandobjectives.COMPETITION is a form of opposition or struggle tosecure reward or a materialobject, position, leadership, prestige orpower (Panopio, et. al., 1994).
TWO KINDS OF COMPETITION1) Personal Competition - this involves direct and face-to-face contact. Individuals or groups may employ baried strategies to excel in their fields of specialization to be superior to others .2) Impersonal Competition - this refers to individuals or groups or business entities struggling, not directly aware of each other’s presence.
SOCIAL PROCESSES: THEIR INTERRELETIONSHIPS Conjunctive social processes anddisjunctive social processes areinterrelated. Cooperation exists side by side withcompetition. Conflict, on the other hand, usesaccomodation as a condition and as aprocess.