My life closed twice & prayers of steel (eng. & american lit.)

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My life closed twice & prayers of steel (eng. & american lit.)

  1. 1. St. Louise de Marillac College of Sorsogon Higher Education Department S.Y: 2011-2012Jushabeth G. GarceraBSEd-IIIEMILY DICKENSON (1830-1886)  She is considered by many to be the one of the preeminent poets in the English language.  Only few of her poems were published.  About 1,800 poems were discovered after her death, and most of them were lyrics.  Her poems are simple but underneath them currents with deep wisdom.  Her poems pertain to personal experiences and adventures of the soul with nature of love, God, time and eternity.  Her technique in writing: - She omitted conjunctions, and she cut and trimmed her sentences. - Her verses are irregular in meter and rhyme. - The lines are fragmentary but the impression she leaves is of startling originality. MY LIFE CLOSED TWICE By Emily Dickenson My life closed twice before its closed; It yet remains to see If immortality unwell A third event to me, So huge, so hopeless to conceive, As these that twice befell. Parting is all we know of heaven, And all we need of hell.
  2. 2. CARL SANBURG  A Swedish descent was born in Illinois.  At age 13, he started of living doing variety of hard jobs.  Worked as a newspaper reporter at Chicago, before he became a magazine and newspaper editor.  He wrote four volumes of a free verse poetry entitled “The Chicago Poems” about industrial life of the Americans.  He is known in the literary world as the Poet of the Common People – the toilers, the aid worker, and the daily wage earner.  He also wrote a three volume biography entitled “Abraham Lincoln, and the Prairie Years.”  In 1940, he received a Pulitzer award.  His poem “Prayers of Steel” is about exceptional and incomparable desire toward accomplishment and self-fulfillment. PRAYERS OF STEEL By Carl Sandburg Lay me on the anvil, O God. Bent me and hammer me into a crowbar Let me pry loose old walls. Let me lift and loosen old foundations. Lay e on an anvil, O God. Beat me and hammer me into a steel spike. Drive me into the girders that hold A skyscraper together Take red-hot rivets and fasten me Into the central girders. Let me be the great nail holding a Skyscraper through blue nights Into white stars.
  3. 3. Emily Dickinson was born on 10 December 1830 generation is simply her poetic gift, somethingin Amherst, in western Massachusetts, and died attributable more to nature and culture than tothere on 15 May 1886. Her parents were Edward some emotional trauma.Dickinson (1803-1874) and Emily NorcrossDickinson (1804-1882). The family included three We know much of Dickinsons life through herchildren: Austin (1828-1895), Emily, and Lavinia correspondences. She maintained a lifelong(1833-1899). Most of the family belonged to correspondence with Susan Dickinson, even thoughthe Congregational Church, though the poet herself they were next-door neighbors; thisnever became a member. The Dickinsons were correspondence, preserved by Susan, is the sourcewell-off and well-educated. Both Edward and for many of the poets manuscripts. But EmilyAustin were college graduates, leaders in the Dickinson also corresponded with school friends,community and of Amherst College. Edward with her cousins Fanny and Loo Norcross, and withDickinson was a Whig (later a Republican) several people of letters, including Samuel Bowles,representative to state and national legislatures. Dr. and Mrs. J.G. Holland, T.W. Higginson,Emily had a strong secondary education and a year and Helen Hunt Jackson.of college at South Hadley Female Seminary The central events, then, of Dickinsons life are(later Mount Holyoke College). those that are central to the lives of most writers:The poet was born in, and died in, a house she wrote. She compiled a manuscript record ofcalled the Homestead, built by her grandfather nearly 1,800 poems, along with many letters. In orSamuel Fowler Dickinson in 1813. This house was around 1858 she began to keep manuscript bookssold out of the family, however, in 1833, and not of her poetry, the "fascicles," hand-produced andre-purchased by Edward Dickinson till 1855; so hand-bound. In the early 1860s she producedmost of the poets younger years were lived in hundreds of poems each year. In 1864 and 1865,other houses. failing eyesight, which impelled her to make two extended visits to Cambridge, Massachusetts forAfter her years at school, Emily Dickinson lived in medical treatment, slowed her production ofthe family home for the rest of her life. She cared manuscript books. But her production offor her parents in their later years and was a manuscripts continued at a slower pace until hercompanion to her sister Lavinia, who also stayed last illnesses in 1885-86."at home" for her entire life. Neither sister married.The extended Dickinson family included Austins Though she wrote hundreds of poems, Dickinsonwife Susan Huntington Gilbert, who lived for many never published a book of poetry. The few poemsyears next door in the house called The Evergreens, published during her lifetime were anonymousand Susan and Austins three children. (see Publishing History). The reasons why she never published are still unclear. A myth promotedThe myth, of course, is of Dickinson as a reclusive by William Luces play The Belle of Amherst(1976) isspinster-poet, brooding over a deep romantic that Higginson discouraged her writing; however, itmystery in her past. The realities are more is probably not the case that Dickinson met withmundane. Especially among relatively wealthy rejection from the literary world. For one thing,families in 19th-century Massachusetts, it was far Higginson was instrumental in getting her poetryfrom unusual for grown women simply to keep published soon after her death, suggesting that herhouse as a primary occupation, neither marrying reluctance and not his disapproval was the barriernor working outside the home. The thing that sets to him doing this earlier. Also, both Bowles andDickinson apart from other women of her class and Hunt Jackson arranged for anonymous publication
  4. 4. of individual poems by Dickinson during the poets get the poet to submit a volume of poems forlifetime. At Hunt Jacksons suggestion, Thomas publication in 1883; she declined.Niles of Roberts Brothers publishing house tried to-shows the problem of dying. Sweden, where he met a cousin named Erik Carlson and received from King Gustav VI a special medal-She gives us the picture of the life of a person who for his achievements. Upon his return he washas lost someone and was touched by the death of questioned by Federal authorities, who accusedpeople very close to her. him of supporting the Bolsheviks in Russia. However, Sandburg was not a political thinker and-Everything reminds her about death. Her life is full he soon became the voice of men and ideals of theof misery and she is afraid that she will die soon. Midwestern.Her soul “died” with the people that she loved. Sheworries that nothing about her would remain after Sandburgs first major collection of poems,the end of her life and the existence of her body. CHICAGO POEMS, appeared in 1916. It presented-“Parting is all we know of heaven the poet as a loud-voiced, proud proletarian, full ofAnd all we need of hell”--- we know everything that joy of life. The book included the famous Chicagowe need to know about hell. We know things that and Fog. "Hog Butcher for the World, / Toolare so awful. It is impossible to imagine that in a Maker, Stacker of Wheat, / Player with Railroadsdifferent place there exist wars and cruel death, but and the Nations Freight Handler; Stormy, husky,in the world that is around us we must live and be brawling, City of the Big Shoulders.../" (fromhappy. Chicago)Sandburg was too old to serve in the army during World War I, but he went abroad to serve as-“closing life” does not represent death but is the a foreign correspondent. In CORNHUSKERS (1918)symbol of lost love. For many people love is Sandburg documented his war experiences. Uponeverything, especially when they are young and his return, in 1919, he joined the staff ofbelieve in the strength and the power of love. the Chicago Daily News for thirteen years. In hisCarl Sandburg was born in Galesburg, Illinois, the articles he dealt among others garment trades andson of poor Swedish immigrant parents. His father in 1919 appeared another series of articles in THEwas August Sandburg, a blacksmith and railroad CHICAGO RACE RIOTS. His free verse, reflectingworker, who had changed his name from Johnson. industrial America, gained wide popularity duringHis mother was the former Clara Anderson. the Depression years, although his use of everydaySandburg was educated at public school until he language at first shocked readers. In the 1930swas thirteen, and he then worked in odd jobs in Sandburg became active in the Socialist movement.Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado. In 1898 he Interested in American folksongs, he published inreturned to his home town for a short time with 1927 a collection in THE AMERICAN SONGBAG andthe trade of house-painter. later NEW AMERICAN SONGBAG (1950). These songs Sandburg had heard from railroad men,In 1913 Sandburg moved with his family to a suburb cowboys, lumberjack, hobos, convicts and workersof Chicago. He was employed as an editor of a on farm and in factory. Outside industrial cities wasbusiness magazine, and published articles in the prairie, of which he wrote: "I was born on thethe International Socialist Review. His poems prairie, and the milk of its wheat, the red of itsstarted to appear in Harriet Monroes (1860-1936) clover, the eyes of its women, gave me a song, amagazine Poetry: A Magazine of Verse. The slogan."Levinson Prize, awarded by Poetry in 1914,established Sandburg as an important new figure in Between the wars Sandburg travelled widely as athe literary scene. In 1918 Sandburg visited poetry-reciter, accompanying himself on a guitar,
  5. 5. wearing a blue working mans shirt and his white North Carolina, where Sandburg lived the rest of hishair rumpled. On the lecture tours, his most life. During World War II he wrote a folksyprominent competitor was Robert Frost, four years syndicated newspaper column for the Chicagoolder than Sandburg. They met in 1917, Sandburg Times. From 1945 he lived as a writer and farmer,called him "the strongest, loneliest, friendliest breeding goats and combining poetry reading withpersonality among the poets today." The good- folk singing. In 1960, Sandburg earned $125,000 fornatured Sandburg remained his friend for nearly working as a creative consultant on a Hollywoodfifty years, in spite of Frosts constant attacks on his film, The Greatest Story Ever Told. Its productionperson and his literary production. When Sandburg was postponed in 1961. "This picture will beperformed at Michigan, Frost said: "His mandolin made," Sandburg declared before returning to Flatpleased some people, his poetry a very few and his Rock, "and it will be a great all-time picture."infantile talk none." Eventually it was released in 1965, directed by George Stevens and starring Max von Sydow.THE PEOPLE, YES (1936) is probably Sandburgs Sandburgs surprising sojourn was not his firstmost popular single book. From his very first experience with Hollywood: when he was avolumes Sandburg recorded the speech of motion-picture critic for the Chicago Daily News, heMidwesterners, spoken by the working class of the had done interviews with stars of the silent film.industrial cities; this became a clear feature of his And D.W. Griffith had planned to produce a moviepoetry. It also showed the authors epigrammatic about Lincoln based on Sandburgs books, butskills. Sandburg was often called the successor engaged Stephen Vincent Benét to write theto Walt Whitman; the both writers shared an screeplay. At the age of sixty-five, Sandburg beganappreciation for the rhythms of the urban life and his first and only novel, REMEMBRANCE ROCK, anadmired common laborers, but they also had a kind epic saga of America, which appeared in 1948.of shamanistic streak in their expression. Sandburg died on July 22, in 1967, at the age of 89. He once said: "It could be, in the grace of God, ISandburgs life of Lincoln was published in six shall live to be eighty-nine, as did Hokusai, andvolumes (1926-1939) and although historians have speaking my farewell to earthly scenes, I mightcriticized its mistakes, it has won admiration of paraphrase: If God had let me live five years longermost critics and was praised for its style and I should have been a writer."readability. Edmund Wilsons wisecrack in PatrioticGore (1962) is perhaps the most fierce attack on thework: "The cruellest thing that has happened toLincoln since he was shot by Booth has been to fallinto the hands of Carl Sandburg." ABRAHAMLINCOLN: THE WAR YEARS (1939, 4 vols.) won the1940 Pulitzer Prize for history. It traced Lincolnscareer from the time of his departure for the WhiteHouse, to May 4, 1865. ABE LINCOLN GROWS UP(1928) was written for young readers, and wasdrawn from THE PRAIRIE YEARS (1926). Sandburgsautobiographical works include ALWAYS THEYOUNG STRANGERS (1953) and EVER THE WINDSOF CHANGE (1983).In 1928 Sandburg moved to Harbert, Michigan, andin 1943, seeking a milder climate, the family movedagain, this time to Connemara, a farm in Flat Rock,

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