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Panel fan tuesday


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Panel fan tuesday

  1. 1. Potential of Agriculture for Nutrition: Priorities and Sequencing Shenggen Fan Director General International Food Policy Research Institute Global Conference on Biofortification November 9, 2010
  2. 2. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, January 2010 Agriculture and Nutrition - Agricultural growth increases households’ income, so households can buy foods from markets or consume more from own production - Diversification of production in households will provide more diversified diet for their own and for markets - Agricultural growth lowers food prices, benefiting urban poor and rural food net buyers. - Agricultural growth generates government revenues, so the government can use these revenues for targeted nutrition and social safety net programs
  3. 3. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 Why biofortification?  Sustainable and cost-effective intervention to improve nutrient content of staple crops and reduce micronutrient malnutrition  One time investment and small recurrent costs  Resistance to fluctuations in government policies  Focus on staple foods  Reach poor and undernourished segments in remote areas  Complimentary approach to fortification and supplementation Important link between agriculture and health/ nutrition but not silver bullet
  4. 4. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 Growth patterns matter  Agriculture often considered as homogenous whole → ignore diversity of subsectors  Same growth rate could lead to different nutritional outcomes due to diverse growth patterns, including: Smallholders vs. large farms Staple vs. cash crops Female- vs. male-led households Less developed vs developed regions
  5. 5. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 Composition of agric. growth is important Calorie-growth elasticity Poverty-growth elasticity Maize -1.9 -1.5 Sorghum & millet -1.5 -1.5 Pulses & oilseeds -1.8 -1.4 Roots -1.1 -1.5 Horticulture -1.0 -1.4 Livestock -0.7 -1.3 Export crops -0.8 -1.4 Source: Pauw and Thurlow 2010 Poverty-growth and calorie-growth elasticities, Tanzania (2000-07)
  6. 6. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 Priorities and sequences critical  Comprehensive approach: broad spectrum of interventions to improve health and nutrition  Ranges from agricultural growth and nutritional interventions to improved sanitation and internalization of cultural norms How to set priorities and sequence interventions? Priorities and sequencing must vary by country or even sub-region within the same country and may change over time
  7. 7. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 Changing dynamics in practice China/Vietnam → Changing importance of policy instruments and investments over time:  Initially agricultural growth was sharpest tool due to high occurrence of poverty  Move towards more targeted approach with focus on disadvantaged regions and groups  Recent growing challenge of overnutrition and obesity India → Continued need for improved nutrition through:  Higher agricultural growth, esp. vegetables, fruits and dairy products  Improved status of women  Improved rural infrastructure, including drinking water, rural roads, health clinics, and sanitation  Targeted nutritional interventions and social protection
  8. 8. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 National level accountability is key  Nutrition needs to be part of Ministries of Agriculture mandate  Ministries of Health need to treat agriculture as part of solution to nutrition and health problems  Greater interdisciplinary communication and coordination among government, non-profit, and private agencies  Increase political support through public education on costs of malnutrition and benefits of agricultural and other interventions  Accountability mechanisms and incentives must be established and strengthened
  9. 9. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 CGIAR reform and its link to nutrition and health  Improved nutrition and health as explicit goals in addition to food security and poverty reduction  Development of Mega Program (MP4) to link agriculture and health, with research focus on:  Realizing potential of agriculture to improve nutrition » Agriculture for improved food security, diet quality, and nutrition » Biofortification of staple foods  Managing multiple burdens of agriculture-associated diseases  Involvement of more than 10 CGIAR centers, national research institutes, and other partners
  10. 10. Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, November 2010 The conference will:  bring together information on how to strengthen linkages among agriculture, nutrition, and health  identify “best practices” in policies and programs  further knowledge and build consensus on priorities for appropriate action  facilitate networks amongst stakeholders 10