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Scaling up agricultural innovations to address hunger and malnutrition

Scaling up agricultural innovations to address hunger and malnutrition

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Howarth Bouis
IFPRI-FAO conference, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

Howarth Bouis
IFPRI-FAO conference, "Accelerating the End of Hunger and Malnutrition"
November 28–30, 2018
Bangkok, Thailand

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Scaling up agricultural innovations to address hunger and malnutrition

  1. 1. SCALING UP AGRICULTURAL INNOVATIONS TO ADDRESS HUNGER AND MALNUTRITION Howarth Bouis, Founding Director, HarvestPlus | November 29, 2018
  2. 2. Percent Changes in Cereal and Pulse Production and in Population Between 1965 and 1999 0 50 100 150 200 250 India Pakistan Bangladesh Developing India Pakistan Bangladesh Developing World Developing Cereals Pulses Population
  3. 3. Figure 2. Price Indices By Food Group for India, 1970-2016, Deflated by Non-Food Price Index 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Cereals Maximum During Time Period Minimum During Time Period Source: Personal Communication, JV Meenakshi, Delhi School of Economics Three-Year Averages PriceIndices
  4. 4. Figure 3. Price Indices By Food Group for India, 1970-2016, Deflated by Non-Food Price Index 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Pulses Vegetables Fruits Eggs,Meat & Fish Maximum During Time Period Minimum During Time Period Source: Personal Communication, JV Meenakshi, Delhi School of Economics Three-Year Averages PriceIndices
  5. 5. Ethiopian Context: Prices of Nutritious Foods Source: Bachewe, Hirvonen, Minten & Yimer (2017) % change in inflation-adjusted prices, 2007-2016, by food group
  6. 6. A Primary Role of Agriculture Is To Provide Nutrients for Healthy Populations Supplementation And Fortification Unreached Populations Present Unreached Populations Nutrient Gap Supplementation And Fortification Supply of Nutrients From Agriculture Future
  7. 7. Approaches to Improving Dietary Quality Behavior Food Type “Indirect” Approaches Which Rely on Present Behaviors: •Profit Incentive •Desire for Dietary Diversity “Direct” Approaches Which Seek to Change Behavior: Nutrition Education An Essential Component Staple Foods (e.g. cereals, roots & tubers) • Biofortification: Iron and Zinc • Trace Minerals in Fertilizers • Biofortification: Provitamin A Non-Staple Foods (e.g. Vegetables, Fruits, Pulses, Animal Products) • Increased Income • Lower Prices o Yield Increases through Agricultural Research o Operation Flood India • Introducing Novel Crops o Cowpea in India • Nutrition-Sensitive Agricultural Projects: o Homestead Gardens

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