Regional Newsletter 1-2/2011

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Regional Newsletter 1-2/2011

  1. 1. 1-2 2011 Vol. 11 December 2011GWP Latvia develops river Calendar of Eventsmanagement guidelines World Water DayGWP LATVIA AND ITS PARTNER NON GOVERN- are good swimmers. The river partially belongs to 22 March 2012MENTAL ORGANIZATION DAUGAVAS SAVIENIBA the Natura 2000 network. There is a reserve of Water and Food SecurityPREPARE A GUIDELINE FOR PRACTICAL MAN- “Vitrupes ieleja” (Valley of Vitrupe).AGEMENT OF WATER STREAMS. Baltic Sea Day The Guidelines available in Latvian language, is 22 March 2012 the first attempt in the country to explain prac- Baltic Sea Region tical methods of river basin management. It ad- dresses major problems of Latvian streams such World Water Forum 6 as pollution by nitrogen and phosphorus, sedi- 12-17 March 2012 mentation, deterioration of buffer zones around Marseille, FranceNeed for such guidance has emerged up during streams and others.implementation of a pilot project in the Venta International Sava Dayand Vitrupe River basins where several challen- 1 June 2012ges related to ecological, hydro-chemical and Sava River Basinmorphological features of rivers emerged. Danube DayMain objective of the project, implemented 29 June 2012from period of April – November 2011, was to Danube River Basintrain volunteers and carry out practical worksto limit algae overgrowth, remove sediment and World Water Week in Stockholmwooden debris and improve potential spawning 26-31 August 2012sites for salmon, sea trout and lampreys. Pro- Stockholm, Swedenject team organized training for river managers Water and Food Securityand voluntary river keepers followed by activ-ities to improve hydro-morphological and bio-logical functions of the Venta and Vitrupe Riv- • Construction of riffle areas in rivers to increaseers. The project was implemented by company levels of oxygen proposed through innovative“L.U.Consulting” in cooperation with GWP Lat- It also provides examples of innovative yet trad- approach „Place a Stone in the Stream.via and Daugavas Savieniba. itional methods tested during previous projects • Improve structure and change use of adja- including “Place a Stone in the Stream” initia- cent landscapeVenta River is a river in north-western Lithu- tive utilizing stones to mitigate climate change • Increase diversity of aquatic habitats throughania and western Latvia. Its source is near and ensure survival of aquatic species threat- installment of stone structures.Kuršėnai in the Lithuanian Šiauliai County. It ened by lack of oxygen due to higher waterhas a length of 346 km and flows into the Bal- temperature. Well placed stones slow down The guidelines gives practical tips for river man-tic Sea at Ventspils in Latvia. The main salmon water flow and create favorable living condi- agement activities on different scales, embracingspawning and nursery habitats are situated in tions for water fauna. both low cost local activities, as well mediumthe middle part of the river below the waterfall scale multipurpose projects. So far, it’s not legallyVentas Rumba. The river partially belongs to EU The guideline specifically addresses the following: binding, however, the project team tries to makenetwork of protected areas Natura 2000. There • Eutrophication or great increase of phyto- it unifying and science based, e.g. hydrobiologyare 2 nature reserves in the river: “Ventas ieleja” plankton in streams. Negative environment- addressing a common problem of streams and(The river Venta valley) and “Ventas un Skerveļa al effects include depletion of oxygen in the small rivers overgrowth and biodiversity decline.ieleja” (The rivers Venta and Skervele valleys). water, which induces reductions in specific fish and other animal populations In the future, one of the proposals is to estab-The river Vitrupe is typical medium sized river en- • Wooden debris in streams and their manage- lish a tradition of Great Cleanup Day in April totering the Gulf of Riga. It has a length of 36 km ment involve local people, volunteers and water man-totally accessible for salmon. The salmon and sea • Improvement of riparian zone functionality agement in cleaning local streams and raisetrout spawning and nursery habitat are situated which is an interface between land and a riv- awareness on water issues. in the lower and middle part of the river. There er or streams.are no artificial migration obstacles, but there is • Management of sedimentation processes. Fore more information, please contactone natural waterfall that allows for species that • Improvement of river self purifying capacity. Maris Ozolins, e-mail: daugava2000@inbox.lv
  2. 2. Climate change and water security nexus in LithuaniaA RECENT RESEARCH HAS ESTABLISHED HOW Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007–2013. Klai- Climate change impact on groundwater wasCLIMATE CHANGE COULD CONTRIBUTE TO IN- peda is the third largest city in Lithuania with estimated on the basis of two scenario’s A1BCREASE IN GROUNDWATER LEVELS OVER THE a population of 187,000 (2005 estimate), a cap- and B1 for the years 2025, 2050 and 2100. Pre-NEXT 100 YEARS IN LITHUANIA. ital of Klaipeda County, one of ten counties in dictions of precipitation and evaporation were Lithuania. It lies in the west of the country and provided using Climate and Environmental Re-The use of groundwater for public water sup- is the only county to have a coastline. It has trieval and Archive (CERA) database. Forecastply is increasing in Europe, however, it is esti- a total area of 5,209 km2 and 378,843 inhabit- of groundwater resources changes was donemated that 60% of European cities overexploit ants (2008). using mathematical groundwater flow modeltheir groundwater resources. Highest percent- elaborated by Dr Marius Gregorauskas, is basedage of groundwater for drinking water is used In the study area, all potable water is ground- on correlations between values of precipita-by Lithuania (100%), closely followed by Den- water located in shallow mix of aquifers in- tion, river basins runoff in the study area andmark (98%), Italy (93%), Hungary (90%), Poland cluding present day (Quaternary), Mesozoic groundwater recharge. Simulation results show(70%), Estonia (65%), Romania (43%), UK (35%) period (Cretaceous and Jurassic), Paleozoic that both climate change scenarios predict in-and Scandinavian countries and Ireland (15%) period (Permian) and Devonian age (Famen- crease (2025, 2050 and 2100 years) of dynamicat the end. This raises an important question of ian). Lithuanian Geological Survey estimate resources of groundwater.how climate change can potentially influence available groundwater resources in these aqui-recharge, availability, and quality of ground- fers at 74,000 m3/day (Quaternary), 100 m3/ “Since the main source of the groundwater re-water resources. day (Cretaceous), 1,148 m3/day (Jurassic), sources and cause of its changes is infiltra- 8,463 m3/day (Permian) and 63,084 m3/day tion recharge into shallow groundwater, theAn evaluation of climate change impact on (Famenian) respectively. There are 76 water- highest increase of resources is anticipatedgroundwater resources in Lithuanian Klaipeda works located in the study area. The Klaipeda in shallow groundwater aquifer”, says JurgitaCounty was performed in 2010 in frame of the No. 3 waterworks is the only waterworks in Kriukaite, Lithuanian Geological Survey. In theproject “Climate Change: Impacts, Costs and the country extracting water from shallow A1B scenario the highest groundwater level isAdaptation in the Baltic Sea Region” (BaltCICA), groundwater. It extracts 27% of approved expected in 2025. During that time the ground-partially financed by the European Union (EU) available resources. water recharge will increase from 45.7 mm/year CREDIT: GWP CEEHigher levels of groundwater can flood low lying areas 2
  3. 3. to 79.6 mm/year adding to dynamic resources simulation. Available groundwater in dry per- until 2100”. On the other hand, higher levels offrom 4.05 m3/s up to 5.99 m3/s. Similar growth iods will drop by 4m3/s in the shallow aquifer groundwater can make it vulnerable to pollu-of groundwater resources is anticipated in B1 and 3.8-3.6 m3/s (5-10 %) in Quaternary aqui- tion and potentially flood lowland areas andscenario in 2100. fers, compared with the present situation. Ac- cellars in residential houses.  cording to Jonas Satkunas, Lithuanian Geo-However, decrease of groundwater levels is also logical Survey Deputy Director, “the trend of Autors: Jurgita Kriukaite and Jonas Satkunas,expected in some years according to results of groundwater resources increase will prevail Lithuanian Geological Survey.GWP Central and Eastern Europe nership has been discussed. “Sava Water Part- nership can join GWP network and benefit from the membership”, proposed GWP CEE Chair Ms.at Sava Stakeholder Forum Martina Zupan.GWP CEE AND GWP MEDITERRANEAN PARTICI- The objective of the Sava Stakeholder Forum The Sava River is the third longest tributary andPATED IN THE SAVA STAKEHOLDER FORUM OR- held on 9-10 November 2011 in Belgrade, was the largest by discharge of the Danube River. TheGANIZED BY THE INTERNATIONAL SAVA RIVER to present and discuss the draft of the Sava length of the Sava from its main source in theBASIN COMMISSION. River Basin Management Plan among the af- western Slovenian mountains to its mouth at the fected stakeholders. The Plan describes the Danube in Belgrade is about 944 km. The basin,A River Basin Management Plan of the Sava Riv- present water status in the basin, identifying with an area of 97,713 km2, covers parts of Slo-er Basin is under development, the first attempt significant pressures and proposing measures venia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia,in the Southern European region to draft a Riv- directed towards achieving the environmental Montenegro and a small part of Albania. er Basin Management Plan according to the EU objectives of the EU Water Framework Direc-Water Framework Directive. GWP Mediterranean tive on a basin-wide scale. A more permanentand GWP Central and Eastern Europe have sig- mechanism of organizing structured participa- For more information aboutnificantly contributed to the stakeholder involve- tion of stakeholders in the management of the Sava River Basin Management Plan:ment process related to development of the Plan. Sava River Basin in the form of a Water Part- http://www.savacommission.org/srbmp/ CREDIT: GWP CEEInternational passenger terminal on the Sava River in Belgrade, Serbia 3
  4. 4. When we speak about economic growthwe speak about water resources CREDIT: GWPAT THE SEVENTH “ENVIRONMENT FOR EUR- knowledges thatOPE” MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE IN ASTANA, for water manage-KAZAKHSTAN, GWP CONVENED A SIDE EVENT ment to be success-TITLED, “ECONOMIC GROWTH AND WATER: AN ful it must involve ex-INTEGRATED APPROACH HELPS”. perts from outside the “water box.” Prof.GWP Chair Dr Letitia A Obeng emphasized Laszlo Miklos from thethat “when we speak about the economy and Technical University ofeconomic growth we speak about water re- Zvolen in Slovakia is asources.” The Conference addressed two main geographer by back-themes: Sustainable management of water ground and a politicianand water-related ecosystems; and Green- by experience. Havinging the economy: mainstreaming the environ- been the Minister ofment into economic development. The GWP Environment for twoside event held on 23 September 2011 linked terms, and a memberthese two aspects: how to make water resour- of the national Parlia-ces available and yet protected when countries ment, he reminded theembark on economic development. The Con- audience of the pol-ference recognized the “hydro-centric” and itical commitments“eco-engineering” themes are closely related. made under Agenda 21, and the adoptionSpeakers at the GWP side event illustrated why of the principle of anwater is attracting more political attention, integrated approachwhile highlighting water’s complexity and the to the managementneed for an integrated approach to guide its of land resources.use, management and development. Prof. Nari-man Kipshakbaev from GWP Kazakhstan pre- Recognizing that “in-sented their experiences of developing a Na- tegrated manage-tional Integrate Water Resources Management ment” needs to bePlan (IWRM) Plan. He made a brief summary understood, he asked,of water resources policy reform and empha- “What exactly do wesized that “there is a need to balance mul- want to integrate? Dif-tiple uses of water in a water scarce region.” ferent understandings GWP Chair Letitia A Obeng at the Seventh “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference in Astana, KazakhstanHe stressed the important role of newly estab- of integration resultedlished water councils, citing examples of water in a myriad of policy reforms that integrated change is likely to make essential resourcescouncils that have a transboundary charac- institutions and agencies and administration (notably freshwater, arable land, crop yields andter, for instance in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. but not the planning process itself.” He recom- fish stocks) scarcer in many parts of the world, mended making land use plans the legal, ob- particularly in already vulnerable societies.GWP Georgia Chair Ms Nino Chkhobadze looked ligatory framework for each sectoral plan be-at role of civil society and non-government- cause how we use land takes into account “Increased scarcity increases the risk of compe-al organizations in support of water reform in every sector including water management. tition over resources within and between com-the Caucasus. “It is not well understood the munities and states,” she said. “This can createrole NGOs play in supporting governments to Prof. Lu ka Kajfež Bogataj, winner of the Nobel instability, increasing vulnerability to conflict.develop and implement river basin manage- Peace Prize together with other climatologists, On current projections, substantial parts of thement plans,” said Ms Nino Chkhobadze, who looked at climate change from a national and world risk being left uninhabitable by rising seawas Georgia’s Minister of Environment for eight international security point of view rather than levels, reduced freshwater availability and de-years. “Involvement of society is understood as from the environmental perspective. A number clining agricultural capacity. This will exacerbatethe right of people to be informed, but participa- of studies suggest that the worst effects can existing migratory pressures from rural areas totion in decision making is moved aside.” She said be avoided by keeping global temperature rise cities, from unproductive land to more fertilethat stakeholders and the public ensure positive below 2°C. However, Prof. Bogataj said that if land, and across international borders.” results when they participate in processes that current problems are not solved, they will beintroduce Integrated Water Resources Manage- aggravated regardless of mathematical scenar- Source: GWP Blogment principles at local level, and subsequent- ios that predict a temperature rise. She showed http://globalwaterpartnership.wordpress.com/ly, better acceptance of future investments. the participants the map of continents origin- ally developed by the Ministry of Defense to For more information and presentations:GWP invited speakers that do not belong dir- illustrate, in graphic terms, the security chal- http://www.slideshare.net/ectly to the “water family” because GWP ac- lenges posed by a warming planet. Climate gwpceewaterpartnership/presentations 4
  5. 5. Kaliningrad takes up water issuesA NEW REPORT HAS BEEN LAUNCHED ON together with neighboring states that shareIMPROVING WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT river basins and coastal lagoons in Poland andIN KALININGRAD, RUSSIA. Lithuania. Transboundary planning and invest- ment programs could be coordinated and im-The report, “Managing and Development of the plemented with support from external finan-Water Resources Assets in Kaliningrad Oblast, cing agencies.Russia in Support of Economic Growth and En-vironmental Sustainability”, was published by Experiences of Lithuania and Poland in the im-the Stockholm International Water Institute plementation of an integrated approach and(SIWI) who prepared the report with contribu- EU Water Framework Directive, offer options totions from the Global Water Partnership (GWP) work in a partnership for joint management andand its Country Water Partnerships in Poland and development plans for the transboundary Pre-Lithuania. Support also came from the Northern gola and Neman River Basins. “We cannot de-Dimension Foundation, the Russian Academy of velop a comprehensive Nemunas (Neman) Riv-Sciences, and the Swedish River Basin District er Basin District Management Plan without theAuthority for the Northern Baltic Sea. involvement of the Kaliningrad Oblast,” said Dr. Bernardas Paukstys, Chair of GWP Lithuania, ac-The report was presented to the Vice Govern- knowledging the fact that water has no borders. water resources and the hydraulic infrastruc-or of the Kaliningrad Oblast at a workshop at- ture assets are in poor condition. GWP is in-tended by 36 stakeholders who have an interest The Kaliningrad Oblast is a territory of Russia volved in developing a Water Resources Invest-in water resources in Kaliningrad. The discus- situated on the Baltic coast between Lithuania ment Program for the Kaliningrad Oblast. sion at the workshop highlighted a strong in- and Poland and not contiguous with the Rus-terest to start a water resources management sian mainland, with a population of 941,500. Autors: Jurgita Kriukaite and Jonas Satkunas,programme with transboundary dimensions Kaliningrad has a rich natural landscape but its Lithuanian Geological Survey. Knowledge sharing between Baltic and Danube CREDIT: GWP CEE GWP HUNGARY AND GWP CEE ORGANIZED A KNOWLEDGE-SHARING WORKSHOP ON “WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ASPECTS OF EUROPEAN UNION STRATEGIES FOR BALTIC SEA AND DANUBE BASIN REGIONS”. The focus was on sharing experiences and exper- tise from the implementation of the Baltic Sea Strategy. During the workshop held in Budapest on 5 April 2011, experts identified similarities and differences concerning water management issues and discussed implementation mechan- isms and institutional roles such as selection of projects and partnerships in the Danube Region. The Baltic Sea Strategy was formally adopted in October 2009 under the Swedish Presidency of the European Union (EU). In December 2010, the European Commission adopted the Parallels workshop attracted more than 40 participants from Baltic and Danube Regions EU Strategy for the Danube Region following a Martina Zupan, GWP CEE Chair. GWP CEE, with Concrete examples of activities include finan- request from member states. its unique geographical position covering parts cing of regional strategies in non-EU member of the Baltic and Danube provides a neutral countries and the exchange of best practices “GWP CEE has been advocating principles of in- platform for dialogues and exchange of experi- between the Baltic and Danube countries. GWP tegrated water resources management in the ences. It holds an observer status to two inter- CEE projects in the area of floods and droughts Baltic and Danube regions since 1998 and is national water commissions in the region – the as well as sustainable sanitation may be sub- well suited to provide a platform for discussions International Commission for the Protection of mitted for funding.  shaping future of water for years to come,” said the Danube River and the Helsinki Commission. 5
  6. 6. Danube Art Master 2011: Germany winsthe competition with creative masterpiece CREDIT: G2 FOTOGERMAN CHILDREN HAVE WON THE „INTER-NATIONAL DANUBE ART MASTER 2011“ COMPE-TITION, AS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMISSIONFOR THE PROTECTION OF THE DANUBE RIVER(ICPDR) ANNOUNCED ON 25 SEPTEMBER 2011.The International Danube Art Master is select-ed from the winners of the national ‘DanubeArt Master’ competitions in 14 Danube Basincountries - Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina,Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany,Hungary, Montenegro, Republic of Moldova,Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine.Thousands of children from these 14 countriesentered the competition. National Danube Art Master winners at the award ceremony CREDIT: G2 FOTO “This competition is a key element of the annualThe winning submission was created by 11 Danube Day celebration and transcends nation-German school children from class 5G of the al borders, emphasizing the complexity of theSonderpädagogisches Förderzentrum Neutrau- Danube and its connections to land, animals,bling. Their artistic painting, entitled “Our Dan- forests and people,” said Philip Weller, Executiveube – a river as variously as we” is creatively Secretary of the ICPDR. Children were encour-made from colourful patterns and full of refer- aged to visit local rivers and surrounding areasences to nature. It represents an appeal to “get and to consider what the environment meansactive for the rivers”, the official slogan of Dan- to them. They were then asked to reflect theirube Day 2011. Excursion at the Danube Museum in Esztergom, Hungary thoughts and inspirations through environ- mental art using materials from in and around CREDIT: ICPDR the river. The competition was jointly organized by the ICPDR in cooperation with the Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Eur- ope (GWPCEE). The award ceremony in Buda- pest was attended by the national Danube Art Master winners and their accompanying per- sons. After the ceremony, the winners joined a three-day environmental programme, sup- ported by Coca-Cola and organized by the Global Water Partnership Hungary, which included trips to the surroundings of Buda- pest and the Danube bend, Budapest Zoo and the Danube Museum. Since two children per country are allowed to attend this trip, the winning team is represented by Selina Glas and Adrian Langner.  For more information: http://www.danubeday.orgBest art work “Our Danube, a river as variously as we” by students of Secondary School Förderzentrum Neutraubling, Germany 6
  7. 7. Danube Art Master 2012GET INVOLVED IN DANUBE DAY, HELP SECURE on- be invited to take part in the internation-A POSITIVE FUTURE FOR THE DANUBE AND WIN al competition. The creators of the bestestGREAT PRIZES! piece of work will be crowned ‘Danube be Art Master’ and will be rewarded with th prizes for themselves and more prizes es up for the school, day centre or other group that they are part of – such as labora- - tory test kits for their school, under- - water cameras and other water-relat- - ed treats. To take part, arrange your school toDanube Art Master is opened to children aged reflect on rivers and water bodies and International6 to 16 from a school, NGO, day care centre orassociation in the Danube Basin to create their ideally make an outing to the Danube River or one of its tributaries before Co m pe tit io nown ‘environmental art’ inspired by the mightyDanube and its tributaries. Every year, this am- the end of June 2012. The idea is for students to be inspired by what they Danubebitious 14-country competition jointly or-ganized by the GWP Central and Eastern Eur-ope and the International Commission for the see and use materials found by the river to create works of art, prefer- ably directly along its banks. This Art MasterProtection of the Danube River (ICPDR) unitesthousands of children from across the DanubeRiver Basin. could mean sculptures, pictures, mosaics or collages made from ma- terial such as driftwood, stones or 2012 even rubbish dumped by the river. To enter, take Germany, Hungary, Moldova,The competition comprises two levels: national a color photograph of your art and send it to Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slo-and international. The former is carried out in the competition organisers in your country by venia and Ukraine. each country and national winners selected to post (prints) or e-mail (digital).receive prizes. National prizes vary from coun- For more information visittry to country, so please contact your country’s Eligible countries are Austria, Bosnia and Her- http://www.danubeday.org or contact Richard Müller,organizer for details. The national winners will zegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, GWP CEE Secretariat, at gwpcee@shmu.sk GWP contributes to UN Economic Commission for Europe transboundary process THE ASSESSMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY The second Assessment is an important part of due to the same requirements of the EU Water WATER COOPERATION IN CENTRAL AND WEST- the programme of work for 2010-2012 of the Framework Directive, which is a good signal ERN EUROPE WAS THE TOPIC OF A SUB- Convention on the Protection and Use of Trans- for future potential planning”, Dr Danka Thal- REGIONAL WORKSHOP. boundary Watercourses and International Lakes meinerova said. “However, most of the presen- (Water Convention). It has an ambition to pro- tations were fragmented and did not capture Ministry of Rural Development of Hungary, vide a conclusive picture of the state of trans- a “transboundary” dimension of the assessed and the United Nations Economic Commission boundary waters and to identify joint priorities basins. Country representatives did separate for Europe (UNECE) in cooperation with the and challenges. It wants to stimulate further ac- presentations of the same (transboundary) International Water Assessment Centre (IWAC) tion by governments, river basin organizations, groundwater body.” organized the workshop in Budapest on 8-10 the international community, including donors, February 2011. and relevant non-governmental organizations. She continued: “Although there is progress in cooperation at transboundary basins regarding The workshop was an important step in the More than 50 participants from nine countries the exchange of monitoring data, alert and pre- process of preparations of the second As- of West and Central Europe, the EU Commis- vention systems, there is a lack of coordinated sessment of Transboundary Rivers, Lakes and sion, UN organizations, NGOs and specialized planning, implementing and assessment of im- Ground waters in the UNECE region for the institutes discussed common issues for trans- pact at transboundary basins. It was concluded Seventh Ministerial Conference Environment boundary water management, such as diffuse that international agreements including the EU for Europe in September. GWP representa- pollution and land use, ecosystems approach Water Framework Directive are worthy gestures tives were Regional Chair Martina Zupan, and ecosystem services. and expression of political will, but that the im- Regional Council Member Boris Minarik and plementation of programs will need to hap- Knowledge Management Officer Danka Thal- “Most of the discussion focused on monitoring pen at national levels with limited coordination meinerova. systems that become to be more compatible with neighbourhood countries.”  7
  8. 8. GWP Slovakia launches sustainable sanitation studyGWP SLOVAKIA LAUNCHES A NEW STUDY ON rate in Michalove District was more than 23% up waste water. It is a good solution for smallPOSSIBILITIES OF ALTERNATIVE WASTE WATER (June 2011 data). compact settlements with very short collectionCOLLECTION AND TREATMENT IN EASTERN SLO- system (pipes) which are the most expensiveVAKIA. Nature Reserve Senianske Ponds, situated in the part of the waster water treatment system. middle of the study area, was founded in 1955The study complements UNDP project “Inte- to protect water fowl and unique water plants. Expert team comprising Igor Bodik from Technic-gration of principles and methods of ecologic- It is also international wetland site under Ram- al University in Bratislava, Elena Fatulova, wateral management of Eastern Slovakia Lowlands” saar Convention and a part of EU wide network management consultant and Milan Matuska,and especially Black Water River Basin Manage- of protected areas NATURA 2000. GWP Central and Eastern Europe short-listedment Plan. seven villages (Blatná Polianka, Blatné Remety, Alternative waste water treatment plants are Bunkovce, Senné, Stretava, Stretávka and VeľkéThere are 28 small villages (bellow 2,000 in- various reed bed, soil and sand filters, willow Revištia) where alternative plant is feasible fromhabitants) with 11,589 people in the area which fields and other natural methods of cleaning technical and economic point of view.was in the past heavily drained to support agri- waste water from households and especiallyculture production and prevent flooding. Main nutrients. In reality, these are rarely used due Next step would be to secure funding for pilotwater course is Black Water a tributary to the to low awareness, legislation and permitting plant to demonstrate feasibility of the technol-Uh River, flowing from one of the largest water obstacles. Depending on local conditions, they ogy. GWP CEE has been working on sustainablereservoirs in the country, Zemplínska Šírava. can have lower construction and operational sanitation since 2007 and since then facilitatedIn terms of economic and social development, costs in comparison with traditional biological several regional and local initiates to advanceEastern Slovakia is not reaching 50% of EU activation systems. However, they require quite alternative waste water treatment for the bene-average in GDP per capita and unemployment large areas for fast growing plants used to clean fit of the people and nature.  CREDIT: GWP CEEReed beds are used as a method of removing pollutants from waste water Volume 11, Issue No. 1-2/2011, December 2011 Water Talk is the official newsletter of GWP CEE Regional Water Partnership published twice a year. The views and opinions of authors expressed in this issue of Water Talk do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of GWP CEE. Publisher: GWP CEE, Editor: Richard Müller, Layout: TYPOCON, Ltd. Registration No: EV 1796/08 ISSN: 1336-5525 GWP CEE, c/o Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Jeseniova 17, 833 15 Bratislava, Slovakia, phone: +421 2 5941 5294, fax: +421 2 5941 5273, e-mail: gwpcee@shmu.sk, http://www.gwpceeforum.org8

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