SustSan workshop: WECF experience in EECCA by Bistra Mihaylova

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SustSan workshop: WECF experience in EECCA by Bistra Mihaylova

  1. 1. Examples of successful implementation of Water and Sanitation projects in EECCA region Bistra Mihaylova,WECF Ljubljana, 4-5 April 2014
  2. 2. Outline • Who is WECF • Ecological sanitation in Rural schools in EECCA • Implemented projects in EECCA • WHO – Tools for the implementation of WSP/The WSSP Compendium • Policy and other activities
  3. 3. International network: 150 Member organisations in 50 countries 3 Offices : The Netherlands, Germany and France Our mission is: working for a Healthy environment for all Our overall goal is: Achieving an Equitable and Sustainable Future WECF: a Non-Governmental non-profit international organisation
  4. 4. Our policy work at national, European, UN and international level brings women’s perspectives to policy makers. WECF works on 5 key issues • Safe Chemicals for all • Safe Energy for all • Safe Food for all • Safe Water and Sanitation for all • Gender and Human Rights WECF: a Non-Governmental non-profit international organisation
  5. 5. As 2.6 billion people around the world still lack basic sanitation and 900 million lack access to clean drinking water, the MDG 7 target to halve the number by 2015 is unlikely to be met. Worldwide, lack of safe sanitation and water cause 1.4 million preventable deaths every year, mostly among children under 5. Even in the European Union, more than 20 million citizens still lack safe sanitation. Water and Sanitation
  6. 6. 6 From 2002 to 013 1000 individual UDDT 52 UDDT in Schools
  7. 7. School toilets in rural areas • Far away • Smelly, flies • No toilet paper • No hand-washing nearby • No privacy, no waste-bins • Groundwater pollution
  8. 8. How to improve the situation? Why should we mix what Nature did separate?
  9. 9. More than 50 rural school toilet-buildings in 10 countries since 2003 • 16.000 pupils and teachers using UDDT • Total direct cost per user: 37 euro (average)
  10. 10. First outdoor UDD school Toilet for 200 pupils in Romania: 10 years in use Trainings Construction Urine storage
  11. 11. Indoor school toilet for 350 pupils and teachers in Armenia Waterless urinals at different heights Urine storage tanks in the basement Built by AWHHE Quelque Chose architects and TUHH Wash basins and the toilet caretaker
  12. 12. School and kindergarten UDD toilet in Kyrgyzstan Realised by Unison, Alga, WECF Realised by KAWS, WECF
  13. 13. School UDD toilet in Tajikistan Realised by ASDPNau, WECF
  14. 14. All school toilet buildings use Dry Urine Diversion Systems Because in target villages: • No central water supply to flush • No central sewage system Benefits: • More hygienic • No smell - can be indoor (climate!) • Re-use of nutrients • Drinking water source protection
  15. 15. Girls very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied dissatisfied very dissatisfied Boys Girls very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied dissatisfied very dissatisfied Boys In Central Asia In Eastern Europe and the Caucasus Impact Assessment Study Reference Schools: „Are you satisfied with the school toilet?“
  16. 16. In Central Asia In Eastern Europe and the Caucasus Ecosan Schools: „Are you satisfied with the school toilet?“ Girls very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied Boys Girls very satisfied satisfied neither satisfied nor dissatisfied Boys
  17. 17. Results • No significant difference between boys and girls • Intervention with ecosan led to an average decrease in absenteeism of 42% - needs more data! • Good acceptance of school toilets can be translated into sanitation conditions providing comfort, cleanliness and privacy. • Girls benefit more from the intervention as they suffer more than boys from the inadequate sanitation
  18. 18. Individual UDD toilets in the EECCA region
  19. 19. Project in Kyrgyzstan Improving sanitation standards in the household, providing organic fertiliser and protecting groundwater resources
  20. 20. Producing solar dried fruits which can be eaten and sold around the year
  21. 21. Gender Trainings in the Villages Involving women and men Raising awareness about gender, roles of men/women and stereo types
  22. 22. Constructed Wetland in Bulgaria In an Home for Children with mental retardation in Vidrare Pravets Municipality Planning for Vidrare -the wetland in planned for 100 p.e., 67 people personal on shifts, 266m2.
  23. 23. Constructed wetland in Vidrare,Bulgaria Vertical constructed wetland
  24. 24. Constructed Wetland in Bulgaria Placing the rubber isolation Discussion with the constr. company Open lecture for stakeholders
  25. 25. Constructed Wetland in Bulgaria Pre-treatment settling tank Placing the drainage pipes
  26. 26. 26 Constructed wetland in Bulgaria Inauguration of the facility
  27. 27. Water Safety Plans – WSP Initiated in 2004 by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and International Water Association (IWA) WSP can be developed from small and large scale drinking and sanitation water systems The principles of safety plans can be transferred to other systems such as rainwater, wastewater, surface waters or sanitation systems Water Safety Plans
  28. 28. WHO tools for WSP for water operators • Water Safety Plan manual (2008) Step by step risk management for drinking water supplies – 11 modules http://www.wsportal.org/ibis/water-safety-portal/eng/home • Excel based “WSP Quality Assuarance“ Tool + user manual (2009) http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/wsp_qa_tool/en/index.html • Water Safety Planning for Small Community Water Supplies (2012) Step by step risk management for Small Community Water Supplies http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2012/water_supplies/en/index.html • Water Safety plan: a field guide to improving drinking water safety in small communities, WHO (2014) http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/243787/Water-safety-plan-Eng.pdf
  29. 29. 29 • The Compendium consists of 3 parts (A, B and C) with modules with background information and working materials for developing WSSP for small scale water systems – including sanitation (WSSP Compendium) • Part A, consists of 8 modules, explaining the approach of developing water and sanitation safety plans (WSSP) for small-scale water supplies, and provides basic and practical guidance for developing a WSSP. • Part B, consists of 8 modules, providing technical and regulatory information on for example possible drinking water sources. • Part C, consists of 6 modules, and is an additional part, prepared especially for youth and schools. • Target groups: Schools, youth groups, water operators and national/local authorities • Authors: WECF and partners • Publication received financial support of German • Environmental Foundation DBU. WSSP practical tool for improving public health situation - small scale water supply and sanitation systems Providing structural and background information
  30. 30. 30 Schools and Community mobilisation for Safe water Since 2008 WSP projects in cooperation with schools - 35 schools in 8 countries in EECCA)) • Testing water quality (nitrate, turbidity, pH) • Risk assessment of the environment and water sources • Cooperation with authorities/stakeholders • Communication and dissemination • Awareness raising • Planning and taking actions
  31. 31. Policy and Other Activities • Promoting Water and Sanitation Safety plans - WSP Compendium included in the WHO WSPortal current DBU project in Romania and Macedonia - Adaptation WSSP compendium to target group authorities small communities • Supporting European Citizens Initiative – water and sanitation is a Human Right • Supporting UNICEF initiative – Raising clean hands • Civil society representation under the Protocol on Water and Health – Working group “Water and Health” – Co leading 3-Year Programme on “Small scale water supply and sanitation” – Working group on equitable access
  32. 32. Policy and Other Activities • EWA program in KYR: lobbying for improving WASH in the country with a gender focus • Temporary advisor for WHO – Elimination of soil transmitted helminths in the EURO region – Monitoring WASH in schools • German WASH network and Coalition Eau: lobbying for WASH as sustainable fundament for sustainable development • Co-organiser of the Terra Preta Sanitation conference in August 2013 in Hamburg • Lobbying for sustainable sanitation through SuSanA
  33. 33. Thank you

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