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River improvement fund pdf report.


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An overview of more than two hundred river improvement projects that were delivered by 28 individual rivers trusts throughout England between 2010 - 2014.

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River improvement fund pdf report.

  1. 1. 1 splash 14 May 2014 17:28:05 RIVERStrust the where there’s there’swater life the umbrella body of the rivers trust movement River Improvement Fund Programme An overview of more than two hundred river improvement projects that were delivered by 28 individual rivers trusts throughout England between 2010 - 2014 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 1 29/09/2014 14:16:43
  2. 2. 2 Cover montage: Before, during and after installation of Head Weir natural fish pass on the River Mole, Taw Catchment, Devon. River Improvement Fund Programme Project RT57. Delivered by Westcountry Rivers Trust in collaboration with Taw Fisheries Association and The Environment Agency - 2010-2012 European Fisheries Fund Investing in sustainable fisheries foundation The RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 2 29/09/2014 14:16:44
  3. 3. 3 Rivers, lakes and coastal waters are vital natural resources: they provide drinking water, crucial habitats for many different types of wildlife, and are an important resource for industry and recreation. Protecting and improving the environment is an important part of achieving sustainable development and is vital for the long term health, wellbeing and prosperity of everyone. The River Improvement Fund Programme was an initiative of three phases over four years, wholly managed by The Rivers Trust and actioned by rivers trusts throughout the Country. It delivered the largest ever river improvement programme by a non governmental organisation in England including: 146 multi fish species barriers eased, passed or removed 87 eel barriers eased, passed or tidal flap valves installed 88 riparian habitat improvements Over 130 waterbodies with increased ecological potential 44 feasibility studies for further improvement work Resulting in over 2,800 km of rivers with improved ecological potential The following document provides an overview of programme management, delivery and achievements. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 3 29/09/2014 14:16:45
  4. 4. 4 INTRODUCTION - What are the issues? Barriers to fish Migration There are many historic structures remaining from the industrial revolution and before where watercourses were modified to provide water for industry. These barriers frequently prevent fish and aquatic animals from moving upstream and downstream. This can be very detrimental to migratory species such as salmon and sea trout who need to spawn in the clean gravels found in the upper reaches of streams. Eel also need access to freshwater systems to mature before returning to sea to breed. Even Coarse fish that spend all their lives in the river need to be able to move around the system to access different feeding and breeding areas and to colonise. Lack of spawning habitat Not only do fish have problems reaching historic spawning grounds, many of these sites have suffered from siltation and poor flows which make them far less effective as ‘nests’ and nurseries for the next generation of migratory fish. Diffuse Pollution Rain ends up in watercourses. Unfortunately water can pick up and transport much of what it encounters on it’s journey downstream, this is diffuse pollution. Farms are a common source: run off from concrete yards, a lack of slurry storage forcing spreading in less than ideal conditions are common problems. Drainage from roads can transport silt and other pollutants into watercourses. Gleaston beck tide door in Morecombe Bay. A barrier to eel migration identified for eel valve pass installation by South Cumbria Rivers Trust. A weir on the Cong Burn, Wear catchment, Durham. Identified by Wear Rivers Trust for removal and installation of rock ramp natural fish pass. Two completely impassable weirs at the confluence of the rivers Brun and Calder in Burnley. Identified by the Ribble Rivers Trust for fish pass installation. Examples of diffuse pollution from agriculture The physical problems affecting our rivers RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 4 29/09/2014 14:16:46
  5. 5. 5 Channelised section of River Stiffkey in Norfolk, realigned to edge of floodplain prior to restoration. Lack of features encouraged deposition of silt and created poor fish spawning habitat. Acidification Industrial pollution, coniferous plantations and certain agricultural practices can alter the chemical status of ground water and rivers in the respective catchment which in turn can adversely affect plants and animals in our watercourses. Morphology Many of our rivers have had their physical characteristics modified by human intervention such as straightening and dredging, this can have damaging effects on the habitats within the channel to support diverse flora and fauna. Sedimentation Drainage of agricultural land has been common practice for many years. A side effect of this can be the ‘canalisation’ or straightening of watercourses to allow water to escape quickly from the immediate surrounding area. Sudden high flow rates can transport sediment at alarming rates, frequently depositing the sediment into water courses where they coat the bed of the river, starving aquatic life of light and oxygen. Topsoil can also be lost at an alarming rate when fields are ploughed adjacent to rivers and streams. Heavy rainfall can create severe run-off, causing diffuse pollution and sedimentation in vulnerable areas. Accelerated bank erosion resulting from unprotected stock access. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 5 29/09/2014 14:16:46
  6. 6. 6 European Directives The Water Framework Directive This establishes a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. The Water Framework Directive came into force in December 2000. The purpose of the Directive is to establish a framework for the protection of inland surface waters (rivers and lakes), transitional waters (estuaries), coastal waters and groundwater. It will ensure that all aquatic ecosystems and, with regard to their water needs, terrestrial ecosystems and wetlands meet ‘good status’ by 2015. The Habitats Directive Europe’s natural habitats are continuing to deteriorate and an increasing number of wild species are seriously threatened. Much of this is as a result of development and agricultural intensification. The main aim of the Habitats Directive is to promote the maintenance of biodiversity by requiring Member States to take measures to maintain or restore natural habitats and wild species, listed on the Annexes to the Directive, at a favourable conservation status by introducing robust protection for those habitats and species of European importance. In applying these measures Member States are required to take account of economic, social and cultural requirements, as well as regional and local characteristics. The provisions of the Habitats Directive require Member States to introduce a range of measures, including contribute to a coherent European ecological network of protected sites by designating Special Areas of Conservation for habitats listed on Annex I and for species listed on Annex II. INTRODUCTION - What are the issues? 6 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 6 29/09/2014 14:16:49
  7. 7. 7 Eel Management Plans The European eel has suffered significant decline due to loss of habitat, barriers to migration, climate change, pollution, exploitation and parasites. In September 2007 The Eel Directive established measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel and required member states to produce Eel management plans for each catchment. Adoption of eel management plans defined conservation measures to allow eel access to freshwater systems to mature. These include demolition and/or modification of obstacles to migration, construction of eel passes and restocking with the aim of a 40% escapement of the mature silver eel population downstream to the sea to maintain a sustainable breeding population. Salmon Action Plans The widespread decline in salmon stocks in Western Europe involves many factors including: exploitation, climate change, pollution, barriers to migration, loss of spawning areas due to silt deposition from drainage works and erosion or changes in river structure, pollution from agriculture, industry and development. The National Salmon Management Strategy was launched in 1996 by the Environment Agency’s predecessor the National Rivers Authority and The North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization. This strategy concentrates on the management of salmon fisheries in England and Wales. It is primarily aimed at securing the well being of the stock, but in doing so will improve catches and the associated economic returns to the fisheries. This strategy will be addressed through Salmon Action Plans. Each plan will review the status of stock and fisheries on a particular catchment and identify the main issues limiting performance, such as barriers to migration and spawning habitat. 7 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 7 29/09/2014 14:16:51
  8. 8. 8 The River Improvement Fund Programme was a strategic national initiative between DEFRA and The Rivers Trust, in collaboration with the Environment Agency, to raise ecological status of identified water bodies to satisfy the requirements of The Water Framework Directive, to maintain and improve Special Areas of Conservation and to satisfy and complement requirements of Salmon Action Plans and Eel Management Plans by: • Multi species fish migration barrier removal • Multi species fish migration easements • Multi species fish migration passes • Eel migration passes • Riparian environmental improvements • Riparian habitat works in Special Areas of Conservation • Research to identify & facilitate feasibility of the work above • Monitoring of works & improvements The perfect choice to deliver The rivers trust movement is a bottom up grassroots development, initiated by a number of different community groups from around the country working independently to form Trusts. The formation of The Rivers Trust was simply a natural response to mature trusts wishing to share information and work more closely together to help others and provide synergy. There is an increasing awareness of the importance of rivers for wildlife and of managing catchments and their ecosystems as environmental and ecological service providers. The Rivers Trust provides an opportunity to assist, influence and develop this in a positive way. Improving the river corridor and surrounding catchment is a complex process involving government departments, its agencies and many other diverse organisations. DELIVERY The River Improvement Fund Programme 8 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 8 29/09/2014 14:16:52
  9. 9. 9 Important link The Rivers Trust provides an important link between these organisations and rivers and fisheries trusts. It also provides a forum to develop ideas, best practice and policy guidance and test transferability. Furthermore it offers a national platform for regional Trusts to “showcase” their work, allowing them to inform and give enthusiasm to others, giving advice and encouragement and ultimately, empowerment, “thinking globally and acting locally”. Local catchment knowledge This has been epitomised in the River Improvement Fund Programme. Individual rivers trusts have used their unique local catchment knowledge, community contacts, social capital, professional and volunteer base. Also attracting co-finance and in-kind contribution to deliver these works. The Rivers Trust has managed project progress and financial information from rivers trust partners, together with providing administration, audit, financial guidance, technical support and liaison at national level with the Environment Agency, Natural England and the Wildlife Trusts. 9 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 9 29/09/2014 14:16:54
  10. 10. 10 River Improvement Programme inception and designation The Rivers Trust circulated initial requests for qualifying project proposals to the rivers trust movement during summer / autumn 2009. Individual trusts then prepared and submitted formal project application schedules. These applications were assessed by The Rivers Trust for viability, effectiveness and value. The subsequent short list was technically assessed by the Environment Agency at national level for Water Framework Directive, Eel Management Plan and Salmon Action Plan compliance. Budgets were then allocated and contracts issued. This process was replicated for the additional phases. IMPLEMENTATION Guidance Documentation Building on experience during the programme The Rivers Trust developed a series of guidance fact sheets which were incorporated into project contracts to assist project management, delivery, finance, reporting and completion. The Role of The Rivers Trust FACT  SHEET  2     Defra  River  Improvement  Fund  Phase  3:  Stage  Report     Project  Ref   RT  (Project  number)   Rivers  Trust     Project  Title     Period  ending   31st  March  2012     Description  of  Work  Undertaken:  (500  words  maximum)     Consents  applied  for,  related  plans,  contractors  identified  and  invitations  to  tender  plus  other  work   in  progress  (NB  It  is  recognised  that  generally  work  cannot  commence  in-­‐river  until  the  Environment  Agency  gives  its  consent  and   may  not  begin  in  earnest  until  May  2011)     Where  practicable  it  should  also  include  a  short  note  of  the  next  steps  planned,  to  put  the  Project   into  overall  context.  Subsequent  reports  should  therefore  follow  on  easily  and  “tell  a  story”.         Photographs:  (guideline  maximum  of  8  on  2  pages;  with  a  minimum  of  2  per  page)     Photographs   are   considered   important   evidence   to   show   “before,   during   and   after”   progress.     Photographs  should  therefore  be:   • Dated   • Have  a  grid  reference  and/or  other  clear  indication  of  location.   • Be  captioned     Inserting  and  adjusting  photographs  in  a  Word  Document:       Assuming  you  have  imported  pictures  on  your  computer  from  digital  camera  try  this:     From  the  toolbar  select  Insert  and  go  to  Picture,  then  From  File  (or  where  else  you  have  stored   them)   open   the   file   select   the   desired   picture,   select   Insert.   The   picture   will   appear   where   your   cursor  was  in  the  document.  You  may  type  text  below  the  picture  where  your  cursor  appears.     To  adjust  (e.g.  crop)  the  picture:     From  the  toolbar  select  View,  then  Toolbars,  then  Picture.  A  picture  toolbar  will  appear.   If  you  click  on  the  desired  picture  you  want  to  change  the  picture  toolbar  will  become  active  –  scroll   across  the  options  on  the  picture  toolbar  and  select  the  desired  effect  and  apply  it  (this  may  take  a   little  practice!).     Finally  to  make  your  document  a  manageable  size  for  email,  again  go  to  the  picture  toolbar,  scroll   to  Compress  Pictures  and  select  –  an  option  box  will  appear     Select  –All  pictures  in  document,  then  in  Change  resolution  select  Web/Screen,  then  in  options  tick   Compress  pictures  and  tick  Delete  cropped  areas  of  pictures.     Click  ok,  click  apply  –  your  document  is  ready  to  be  attached  for  email   394 FACT  SHEET  1   Defra  River  Improvement  Fund  Phase  3:   Project  Schedule     Project  Ref   RT  to  complete   Rivers  Trust     Project  (Working)  Title     Trust  Project  Officer/Contact   (Name,  email  &  tel.  no)     Trust  Finance  Officer/Contact   (Name,  email  &  tel.  no)     Brief  Description  of  the  Works               Benefiting  species     E.g.  salmon,  trout,  eels,  other     River  Basin  District/  Catchment   River/  Tributary     Please  list  any  statutory   designations  for  the  river  or  site   E.g.  N2k,  SAC,  SSSI  etc     Contribution  to  meeting  WFD   Good  Ecological  Status     Check/confirm 10 digit NGR of the location of the Works (Via EA or   WFD  water  body  ID  of  the   Works   E.g.  GB112072071710       Water  body  status     Anticipated  water  body  status     Downstream  water  bodies  or   sub-­‐catchment  to  benefit  from   the  Works   E.g.  GB112072071710  or  length  of  river     Upstream  water  bodies  or  sub-­‐ catchment  to  benefit  from  the   Works   E.g.  GB112072071710  or  length  of  river     List  (any)  planning  consents  or   other  permissions  required  for   the  Works     Budget  (£k)     NB To assist in the sorting of files, can you please save the completed form with your trust’s abbreviated name & project included e.g. Trent Harlaston Phase 3 Project Schedule.doc? Thank you. 393 FACT  SHEET  5  (original  in  Excel  format)     DEFRA RIVER IMPROVEMENT FUND PHASE 3: Claim Form Project Ref: RT Trust: Name Project Title: Title Grant: £0 Claim Number: 1 Above headings & Column for "This Claim" are auto-filled from (2nd sheet) Claim Schedule which should be completed first Category Cumulative brought forward from Previous Claim This Claim Cumulative Claim carried forward 1 Staff Costs £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 2 Volunteer Costs £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 3 Travel & Subsistence £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 4 General Costs & Overheads £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 5 External Services £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 6 Capital Equipment & Materials £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 Match Funding (if any) £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 Grant Remaining £0.00 £0.00 £0.00 I hereby declare that: - (a) The Trust has incurred the above expenditure in respect of the above Project. (b) It is eligible (See Fact Sheet 6). (c) Supporting documentation is attached/enclosed. (d) It is duly signed and dated by an authorised person of the Trust. NB Incomplete claims will not pass audit & will not be paid. Signed by: Name: Date: Please post completed claim form to: - James Sowden, Finance Officer, The Rivers Trust Rain-Charm House, Kyl Cober Parc, Stoke Climsland Callington, Cornwall PL17 8PH Tel: 01579 372 142 Email: 398   Defra  River  impro   Principle   (a)   The   underlying   principle   of   expenditure   actually   incurred,   as   sub Volunteer  rates  as  given  below)  and  am will  be  rejected.     (b)   Funds  may  be  used  for  matc not  to  double  fund  any  Project.     (c)   Once  a  method  of  calculation for  consistency.     (d)   Date  of  eligibility     The  start  date  for  eligible  expe The  date  for  receipt  of  Final  C   Claim  Schedule  Categories     1   Staff  Costs     2   Volunteer  Costs     3     Travel  &  Subsistence   4   General  Costs  &  Over 5   External  Services   6   Capital  Equipment  &  M   1   Staff  Costs   (a)   General   Staff  costs  are  the  based  on  the  actua work  on  the  Project.    Staff  costs  may Standard  rate  (Life+)  method.  Overhe under  General  Costs  &  Overheads.     Gross  Remuneration  =  total  gross  pa individual  employee)     Claims  must  be  based  on:  -­‐   • Signed  timesheets  –  evidence • Payroll  Accounts  –  evidence  o • Payslips  –  evidence  of  pay  act   (b)   Method  1  -­‐  Variable  Rate  Calc This   is:   -­‐   Hours   worked   on   the   Pr corresponding   period   (i.e.   excluding   Remuneration.    This  means  that  unpa holidays,  time  off  in  lieu  and  sickness Over  the  course  of  a  year  the  variation   E.g.   Employee  V  works  42  hours  on  t the  timesheet).  Employee  V’s  Gross  Remu The  calculation  is:  40/173.5  times  £2,400   RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 10 29/09/2014 14:16:56
  11. 11. 11 EET  1   name FACT  SHEET  6       Defra  River  improvement  Fund  Phase  3:  Eligible  Expenditure     Principle   (a)   The   underlying   principle   of   expenditure   under   the   Project   is   that   it   should   relate   to   expenditure   actually   incurred,   as   substantiated   by   documentary   evidence.   Estimates   (except   for   Volunteer  rates  as  given  below)  and  amounts  claimed  without  clear  workings  are  not  acceptable  and   will  be  rejected.     (b)   Funds  may  be  used  for  match  funding  (the  unfunded  element  of  co-­‐funded  projects)  but   not  to  double  fund  any  Project.     (c)   Once  a  method  of  calculation  has  been  chosen  it  must  be  retained  throughout  the  Project   for  consistency.     (d)   Date  of  eligibility     The  start  date  for  eligible  expenditure  is  1  June  2011.     The  date  for  receipt  of  Final  Claims  is  31  October  2012.     Claim  Schedule  Categories     1   Staff  Costs     2   Volunteer  Costs     3     Travel  &  Subsistence   4   General  Costs  &  Overheads   5   External  Services   6   Capital  Equipment  &  Materials     1   Staff  Costs   (a)   General   Staff  costs  are  the  based  on  the  actual  time  worked  by  the  employed  persons  directly  carrying  out   work  on  the  Project.    Staff  costs  may  be  calculated  by  the  Variable  Rate  (Interreg)  method  or  the   Standard  rate  (Life+)  method.  Overhead  costs  cannot  be  added  to  staff  costs  and  should  be  claimed   under  General  Costs  &  Overheads.     Gross  Remuneration  =  total  gross  pay  +  ERNI  +  Employers’  pension  and  life  assurance  costs  (per   individual  employee)     Claims  must  be  based  on:  -­‐   • Signed  timesheets  –  evidence  of  time  spent  on  the  Project   • Payroll  Accounts  –  evidence  of  Gross  Remuneration   • Payslips  –  evidence  of  pay  actually  made     (b)   Method  1  -­‐  Variable  Rate  Calculation  (per  employee)   This   is:   -­‐   Hours   worked   on   the   Project   as   a   proportion   of   Total   hours   worked   during   the   corresponding   period   (i.e.   excluding   holidays,   time   off   in   lieu   or   sickness)   and   applied   to   Gross   Remuneration.    This  means  that  unpaid  overtime  reduces  the  hourly  rate.    Conversely  it  means  that   holidays,  time  off  in  lieu  and  sickness  reduces  hours  actually  worked  and  increases  the  hourly  rate.   Over  the  course  of  a  year  the  variations  balance  out.     E.g.   Employee  V  works  42  hours  on  the  Project  and  works  a  total  of  173.5  hours  in  the  month  (based  on   the  timesheet).  Employee  V’s  Gross  Remuneration  is  £2,400  per  month.     The  calculation  is:  40/173.5  times  £2,400  =  £553.31  (rounded)   400 Practical guidance and workshops The Rivers Trust provided river improvement workshops that were attended by all participating rivers trusts. The team undertook reviews of the current environmental legislative requirements, together with an overall review of completed projects. Individual trusts gave presentations of case studies from previous projects, highlighting lessons learnt with open question and answer sessions. Worked examples of the reporting and finance guidance fact sheets were presented to ensure the reporting and claims process on eligible expenditure was clearly understood. Technical support and guidance In collaboration with the Environment Agency and Natural England, The Rivers Trust made available a series of technical courses for rivers trust project officers regarding fish pass design and hydraulics, fluvial geomorphology and catchment management. Technical support visits by Rivers Trust staff were provided to individual trusts where required. FACT  SHEET  7     Reviewed:  Oct  2011   THE  RIVERS  TRUST:  PROCUREMENT  POLICY   Introduction   Procurement  means  the  acquisition  of  goods  (supplies),  services  and/or  works  required  to  enable   the  Trust  to  operate,  deliver  projects  etc.     The  Trust’s  over-­‐riding  principle  is  to  endeavour  to  achieve  best  value  in  all  its  procurement  activity.   Best  value  is  measured  in  terms  of  quality,  reliability,  fitness  for  purpose,  reputation,  “after  sales”   support,  and  ethical  considerations  as  well  as  price.     The   Trust   will   achieve   best   value   through   appropriate   leadership,   skills,   systems   and   processes,   thereby  promoting  efficient  and  effective  procurement  of  goods,  services  and  works.  Risk  will  be   reduced  by  the  Trust  clearly  communicating  its  requirements.       Throughout   the   process   the   Trust   will   adopt   the   highest   standards   of   equality   and   probity   and   maintain  appropriate  audit  control.     Quantitative  Framework   To   provide   a   consistent   framework   for   procurement,   the   Trust   has   adopted   a   cascading   system   based  on  the  value  of  the  goods,  services  and  works  to  be  acquired.    The  principle  is  the  obvious   one   that   higher   values   generally   relate   to   more   complex   issues   and   greater   risks   and   therefore   demand  a  higher  level  of  scrutiny  and  analysis.         The  framework  provides  a  simple  guide.    It  adapts  the  threshold  tables  published  under  the  Irish   and  Welsh  National  Procurement  Rules  (in  the  absence  of  corresponding  English  &  Scottish  tables),   where  there  is  a  similar  requirement  to  obtain  value  for  money.    To  this  extent  it  provides  a  firm   foundation.     Estimated  Value   Tender  Action     Below  £1000   Prior  knowledge  or  Informal  shop  around   £1,000  to  £5,000   Minimum  of  one  quote   £5,000  to  £49,999   Minimum  of  three  written  quotes   £50,000  to  £100,000   Minimum  of  three  written  quotes.    Formal  tender  process.   Over  £100,000   EU  procurement  process  (or  non-­‐public  sector  equivalent)     Qualitative  Framework   • Quality,  reliability,  fitness  for  purpose,  reputation  and  after  sales  support     The   Trust   recognises   that   there   is   good   legal   protection   and   redress   for   purchasers   in   the   UK.     However,  the  legal  process  is  considered  a  last  resort.    It  may  be  expensive  and  is  stressful  and  time   consuming.    The  Trust  therefore  adopts  the  precautionary  principle  of  trying  to  avoid  or  prevent  a   problem   at   “source”   by   placing   procurement   based   on   a   proven   track   record   of   good   quality,   reliability,  fitness  for  purpose,  reputation  and  after  sales  support.    To  this  extent  the  quantitative   guidelines  below  the  EU  threshold  shall  be  construed  accordingly.     • Ethical  Considerations   The  Trust  will  incorporate  ethical  considerations  in  its  procurement  process,  as  more  particularly   described   in   its   Ethical   Policy   (e.g.   non-­‐abuse   of   human   rights   and   sustainability).   They   also   404 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 11 29/09/2014 14:16:58
  12. 12. 12 RT 16 Padiham Weir - Ribble Rivers Trust. The weir was impassable to fish, the upper section of the weir crest was removed and the remaining height difference eliminated by installation of a rock ramp allowing multi fish species passage RT 305 Hadfield Weir - Don Rivers Trust. Another weir impassable to fish. A section of the weir was de-watered and a concrete fishway installed with a super active Larinier baffle providing optimum water flow and attracting flume for fish to traverse. Special substrate tiles were also installed alongside to enable eel to traverse the slope. RT 30 Belasit Weir - South Cumbria Rivers Trust. A hydrometry weir impassable to eel. Sections of bristle channel with a pumped water flow installed alongside the weir provides a swimming/crawling medium for elver/eel traverse. Larinier baffle Bristle channel detail Eel tiles Weir removal with rock ramp natural fish pass EXAMPLES OF COMPLETED PROJECTS Weir bypassed using bristle channel with pumped water flow. Weir bypassed by installation of fish and eel ways 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 12 29/09/2014 14:16:59
  13. 13. 13 RT 37 Gleaston Beck Tide door - South Cumbria Rivers Trust. Tidal doors/flaps exclude the tide at mid and higher levels to prevent flooding inland and unfortunately restrict eel access for migration at the same time. Installation of “pet flap” float controlled valves allow elver and eel passage at mid tide without compromising flood prevention. RT 41 Rivers Dove and Manifold - Trent Rivers Trust. Spring fed cattle drinker - Alternative drinking point created by piping spring water into a trough. This solution complements riparian fencing and exlusion of stock from the watercourse RT 107 Easington Brook Habitat Scheme - Ribble Rivers Trust. Overgrazed section of channel restored and tree planting undertaken to provide shading, bank stabilisation and buffering from surface water run-off. RT 308 Minor barriers - Eden Rivers Trust. Stone Beck road bridge culvert and bridge base were identified as a barrier to fish migration. These were eased by a rock ramp approach and installation of baffles to provide a fish-friendly flow. Tidal flap access improved by delay valve installation Bridge culvert barrier eased by rock ramp natural fish pass and baffle sections Riparian management Habitat improvement 1. 2. 3. 5. 4. Barrier to migration Rock ramp Baffles Riparian fencing - This fence has only been in place for two months and the picture clearly demonstrates the difference between the heavily grazed field, and the protected bank on the other side of the new fence. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 13 29/09/2014 14:16:59
  14. 14. 14 COVERAGE Project coverage The blue dots indicate the location of water bodies where the 204 individually contracted projects, some with multiple sub-projects and actions, were delivered by 28 rivers trusts in England between 2010 and 2014. KEY - Rivers Trusts in England & Wales 1 Action for the River Kennet 2 Aire Rivers Trust 3 Arun & Rother Rivers Trust 4 Bristol Avon Rivers Trust 5 Calder & Colne Rivers Trust 6 Cam Valley Forum 7 Cambridgeshire Acre 8 Carmarthenshire Rivers Trust 9 Clwyd and Conwy Rivers Trust 10 Cotswolds Rivers Trust 11 Don Catchment Rivers Trust 12 East Yorkshire Rivers Trust 13 Eden Rivers Trust 14 Essex & Suffolk Rivers Trust 15 Galloway Fisheries Trust 16 Healthy Waterways Trust 17 Irwell Rivers Trust 18 Lincolnshire Rivers Trust 19 Lune Rivers Trust 20 Norfolk Rivers Trust 21 Northumberland Rivers Trust 22 Ouse and Adur Rivers Trust 23 Pembrokeshire Rivers Trust 24 Ribble Rivers Trust 25 River Nene Regional Park CIC 26 River Thame Conservation Trust 27 River Waveney Trust 28 Severn Rivers Trust 29 South Cumbria Rivers Trust 30 South East Rivers Trust (including Wandle Rivers Trust) 31 South East Wales Rivers Trust 32 Tees Rivers Trust 33 Teifi Rivers Trust 34 Thames 21, Thames Rivers Trust & Thames Explorer Trust 35 Trent Rivers Trust 36 Tweed Foundation & Tweed Forum 37 Tyne Rivers Trust 38 Wear Rivers Trust 39 Welland Rivers Trust 40 Welsh Dee Trust 41 Wessex Chalk Streams and Rivers Trust 42 West Cumbria Rivers Trust 43 Westcountry Rivers Trust 44 Wye and Usk Foundation 45 Wyre Rivers Trust 46 Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust 47 Yorkshire Esk Rivers Trust Alaskan ‘A’ fish pass, before and after. River Rea Fish Access Scheme - Severn Rivers Trust Clifford Weir improvement. Teign catchment. Westcountry Rivers Trust. Installation and completed elver pass valves on tide flaps. Morecombe Bay. South Cumbria Rivers Trust Public information board for Morecombe Bay Elver Tidal Flaps board. Lune Rivers Trust RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 14 29/09/2014 14:17:05
  15. 15. 15 Cong Burn weir removal and rock ramp natural fish pass installation. Wear catchment. Wear Rivers Trust . Volunteer work force from Ouse and Adur Rivers Trust. Ravensbury II eel pass over tilting weir being fitted. River Wandle Catchment. Wandle Trust Fitting a bristle board eel pass. River Brent. Thames Catchment. Thames Rivers Trust. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 15 29/09/2014 14:17:14
  16. 16. 16 OUTPUTS & FINANCE Main Project Type Contracted Number Salmon Action Plan (SAP) obstruction (multi fish access) 140 Eel Management Plan (EMP) obstruction (eel access) 34 Special Area of Conservation/EMP/SAP habitat (also benefiting coarse fish) 30 Total 204 Targeted to Achieve Ecological Improvement Number Multi fish species barriers eased, passed or removed 146 Eel barriers eased, passed or tidal flaps installed 87 Riparian habitat improvements (areas with multi action works) 88 *Waterbodies with increased ecological potential >130 Feasibility studies for further improvement work 44 *NB. Work completed in one water-body (e.g. barrier removal) may increase the ecological potential of adjacent water bodies. River Improvement Fund Programme Outputs Over 2,800* kilometres of rivers with improved ecological potential * source - Environment Agency GIA Master Programme RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 16 29/09/2014 14:17:18
  17. 17. 17 River Improvement Fund Programme Finance River Improvement Fund Project Spend Co-finance achieved Contribution in kind technical specialist or other volunteers Contribution in kind assets/time from riparian owners or farmers Total co-funding achieved Phase 1 £1,816,307 £741,340 £228,591 £64,235 £1,034,166 Phase 2 1,331,949 403,737 139,772 21,475 564,984 Phase 3 2,850,744 496,196 169,327 98,991 764,514 Totals £5,999,000 £1,641,273 £537,690 £184,701 £2,363,664 Co-finance contribution achieved: Based on the returns from the completed works, where completion statements have been received from the participating rivers trusts at 31 March 2014. Total River improvement Project Value £8,362,664 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 17 29/09/2014 14:17:21
  18. 18. 18 Action for the River Kennet RT 200 Barton Holt weir removal & habitat improvement RT 301 Doghead Stakes fish passage reinstatement, Newbury RT 302 Ramsbury Old Mill Stream feasibility study RT 303 Marlborough Town Mill weir fish easement Aire Rivers Trust RT 371 Systagenix Weir fish & eel passage feasibility study Calder & Colne Rivers Trust RT 372 Sterne Mill Weir fish & eel passage feasibility study Cotswold Rivers Trust RT 304 Lower River Coln enhancement project Don Catchment Rivers Trust RT 1 Eel Management strategy and restoration project RT 202 Hadfield (Meadow Hall) fish pass feasibility study RT 305 Hadfield (Meadow Hall) fish pass East Yorkshire Chalk Rivers Trust RT 306 Foston Mill fish and eel pass RT 307 Lowthorpe Mill - water control & access for fish and eel RT 373 Pickering Beck fish passage & restoration RT 382 Scalby Beck fish pass Eden Rivers Trust RT 2 Restoring Eden - River Petteril project RT 7 Leith fish easements RT 203 Minor barrier easements RT 308 Minor barriers easements Essex and Suffolk Rivers Trust RT 390 Dingle tidal flap eel passage Irwell Rivers Trust RT 204 Kirklees Brook fish easement - Island Lodge RT 205 Kirklees Brook weir removal - Coffin Lodge RT 309 Cheesden Brook Kershaw weir removal RT 310 Cheesden Brook Papertech 3 barrier easement RT 311 Kirklees Brook Olives Valley weir removal RT 312 Naden Brook confluence weir removal Lune Rivers Trust RT 10 Havera Beck Road culvert replacement RT 11 Eskew Beck ford replacement RT 13 North West Eel Management Plan RT 14 Winterscales Pipe bridge enhancement RT 102 River Condor restoration RT 103 River Greta habitat soft engineering RT 104 Keasden Beck improvement RT 105 River Wenning erosion/bank fencing RT 106 Acidification study with Ribble Rivers Trust RT 206 Roeburn fish pass feasibility study RT 207 Lune eel passes RT 208 Lower Tarn Beck weir removal RT 209 Tarn Beck weir removal RT 313 Cant Beck restoration weir removal RT 314 Morecambe Bay elver passes on tidal flap valves Norfolk Rivers Trust RT 315 River Nar Castle Acre restoration RT 316 Bayfield Lake bypass channel and restoration RT 317 River Stiffkey catchment restoration PROJECTS SUMMARY Northumberland Rivers Trust RT 318 Coquet and Aln fish pass easements RT 319 River Aln - Lesbury Dam larinier pass RT 374 Cawledge Burn fish & eel passage RT 375 Acklington Dam restoration for fish & eel passage RT 391 River Coquet - Warkworth North fishway & eel pass RT 392 Hartburn easement RT 393 Long Nanny easement RT 394 Humford Weir enhancement and eel pass RT 395 Waren Burn fish and eel passage Ouse and Adur Rivers Trust RT 25 Reinstatement of gravel bed substrate in tributaries RT 26 Addressing fish passage obstructions RT 39 Habitat enhancement of the Andrews Stream RT 213 Newhouse Farm weir modification RT 214 Buxted Weir Phase 1 monitoring RT 215 Plumpton Mill Stream weir removal and culvert modification RT 216 Herrings Stream passage easement RT 217 Wineham Culvert passage easement & habitat improvement RT 218 Barcombe Mills passage easement RT 219 Sutton Hall Weir fish pass modification RT 320 Costers Brook connectivity project RT 321 Bay Bridge Weir fish easement RT 322 Buxted Weir removal: assessment & preparatory works RT 323 Homelands Farm tidal flap project RT 396 Barcombe eel easements – new weir channel Ribble Rivers Trust RT 16 Padiham Weir natural fish pass RT 17 A59 culvert fish pass and West Bradford fish pass RT 18 Swanside and Eel Beck fish easement RT 19 Barrowford 1 & 2 weir easements RT 21 Barrowford Weir 3 fish pass RT 22 Montford fish easement RT 80 Hodder gauging pass initiative RT 107 Easington Brook habitat scheme RT 108 Pendle Water habitat scheme RT 109 Stock Beck habitat improvement RT 110 Acidification study with Lune RT (Gayle and Cam Beck) RT 210 Calder & Brun confluence easements RT 211 Brun connectivity (fish passes) RT 212 Boyces Brook weir removal RT 324 Talbot Bridge fish pass (Chipping) RT 325 Brun Phase 3 urban river enhancement scheme RT 326 Darwen restoration study RT 327 Easington barrier removal and restoration scheme RT 328 Stock Beck fish passage RT 329 Skirden Bridge easements Severn Rivers Trust RT 27 River Rea fish access scheme RT 28 River Rea habitat improvement scheme RT 29 River Worfe habitat feasibility study RT 220 Lower Forge Weir fish pass RT 221 Prescott Weir fish pass RT 222 Detton Mill Weir feasibility study RT 257 Dinham Weir feasibility study RT 330 River Rea fish access scheme (Detton Mill) fish pass RT 331 River Teme fish access scheme Lingen feasibility RT 332 Walcot by pass channel improvements for eel RT 376 Dinham Weir fish pass RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 18 29/09/2014 14:17:22
  19. 19. 19 South Cumbria Rivers Trust RT 30 Elver pass Initiative RT 35 Newlands beck tide door eel/elver flap valve RT 36 Colton Beck tide door eel/fish friendly flap valves RT 37 Gleaston beck Ttde door eel/elver flap valve RT 111 River Eea restoration works RT 250 Kent barrier assessment RT 251 Kent tide gate tide door eel/elver flap valve RT 333 Basinghyll Counter eel pass RT 334 GrizeBeck fish and eel passage RT 335 High Shaw Beck tide gate fish and eel pass RT 336 Leighton Beck tide gate fish and eel pass RT 337 Mealbank eel pass RT 338 Newby Bridge Gauging Weir eel pass RT 339 Newby Bridge Impounding Weir eel pass RT 340 Stramongate Weir eel pass Tees Rivers Trust RT 40 Clow Beck - fencing and fish easement RT 112 Potto Beck - Scugdale fencing RT 223 Upper Tees - gravel augmentation RT 343 River Leven - fish passage Thames Rivers Restoration Trust RT 341 Boston Manor Weir eel pass RT 342 Osterley Weir eel pass RT 377 Sarrat Meadows weir removal RT 385 Brentford Lock eel pass (Stoney Sluice) Trent River Trust RT 41a Fencing - Rivers Dove & Manifold. Gauledge Farm RT 41b Fencing - Rivers Dove & Manifold. Lower Redfern Farm RT 41c Fencing - Rivers Dove & Manifold. Bridge End Farm RT 41d Fencing - Rivers Dove & Manifold. Olde Mixon Haye Farm RT 41e Fencing - Rivers Dove & Manifold. Nettletor Farm RT 42 Elver passes - Lower Trent RT 43a Fish pass: Hoo Mill RT 43b Fish pass: Longbridge (feasibility) RT 43c Fish pass: Duffers (feasibility) RT 225 Harlaston Weir removal RT 344 Burton Weir fish pass consents and design RT 345 Darley Abbey fish pass consents and design RT 346 Millford Weir fish pass consents design Tweed Forum (England) RT 347 Haughhead fish passage feasibility study Tyne Rivers Trust RT 226 New Brough Burn fish passage RT 348 March Burn ford / weir fish and eel easements RT 349 Stocksfield Burn ford / weir fish and eel easements Wandle Trust (part of South East Rivers Trust) RT 227 Butter Hill fish passage RT 228 Croydon-Wandsworth fish easement feasibility study RT 229 Merton Abbey eel pass RT 350 Croydon Arm passage feasibility study RT 351 Poulter Park: eel pass RT 352 Ravensbury I: eel pass RT 353 Ravensbury II: eel pass (over tilting weir) RT 354 Ravensbury III: fish easement RT 355 Ravensbury IV: lake eel pass RT 397 Clattern Bridge eel passage easements Wear Rivers Trust RT 113 Shittlehope Burn feasibility study RT 230 Cong Burn fish pass RT 231 Lumley Park Burn feasibility study RT 356 Bedburn Weir easement RT 357 Eastgate Weir removal RT 383 Deerness river improvement RT 398 Cong Burn rock ramp enhancement RT 399 Lumley Park Burn easement repair West Cumbria Rivers Trust RT 201 Bloomer Beck eel pass RT 364 Bitter Beck fish and eel passage RT 365 Black Beck fish and eel passage RT 366 Millbeck Gill pipe improvement RT 367 Stainburn Beck culvert improvement Westcountry Rivers Trust (including Frome, Piddle & West Dorset Fisheries Association) RT 45 River Axe diffuse pollution control RT 46 River Dart improvements RT 47 River Camel improvements RT 48 Collaton fish pass feasibility study RT 56 Fal eel habitat access work RT 57 Head Weir removal and natural fish pass RT 70 Palmers Brewery feasibility study RT 101 River Frome Salmonid Improvement Project RT 114 River Exe habitat improvements RT 235 Clapworthy fish pass RT 236 Head Weir completion RT 237 Palmers Brewery fish pass RT 252 Teign obstructions RT 253 Dart obstructions RT 254 Irishman’s Wall removal (River Taw) RT 245 N. Tawton Weir easement (River Taw) RT 256 St James Weir feasibility study (River Exe) RT 358 Forton Brook fish access (River Axe) RT 359 Teign obstructions RT 360 Dart obstructions (eel) RT 361 Dart obstructions (fish passage) RT 362 Fal eel passage RT 363 Keaton Weir fish & eel pass RT 378 Frome migratory passage & habitat Improvement RT 379 Piddle migratory passage & habitat Improvement RT 380 Wey migratory passage & habitat Improvement RT 381 Brit & Asker migratory passage & habitat Improvement Wye and Usk Foundation (England) RT 58 Wye catchment farm diffuse pollution control RT 60 Arrow fish passage RT 61 Garren fish passage RT 62 Escley easement feasibility study RT 239 Hindwell fish passage feasibility study RT 240 Downfield Weir fish passage RT 241 Mowley Weir fish passage RT 242 The Leen Weir fish passage RT 243 Arrow Green fish passage RT 244 Tramway fish passage RT 245 Tuck Mill fish passage RT 246 Trebandy fish passage RT 247 Dayhouse fish passage RT 248 Blakeney fish passage RT 368 Wye WFD Restoration Phase iii (farms) RT 369 Arrow & Lugg WFD Restoration Phase iii (easements) Wyre Rivers Trust RT 384 Help 3 Brooks project Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust RT 370 Kirkbridge rock ramp easement feasibility study RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 19 29/09/2014 14:17:22
  20. 20. 20 STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT River improvement Fund Project RT 227 Butter Hill Mill Fish Easement - March to July 2011 Designed managed and delivered by South East Rivers Trust (formerly the Wandle Trust) Background Historically the upper reaches of the River Wandle, South London, held a good population of wild brown trout but industrialisation, urbanisation and flood defence works resulted in pollution and habitat fragmentation leading to the local extinction of fish populations. Recently water quality has improved and trout inhabit the Wandle once more. However, several weirs on the Carshalton arm of the Wandle present barriers which obstruct the movement of fish, and in particular trout, from reaching suitable spawning grounds. This is one of the reasons that the water body was classified as having poor ecological potential for fish in the 2009 Thames River Basin District Management Plan. This project built on existing Environment Agency work by removing a Pan weir at Mill Pond Place on the River Wandle. Additional trout habitat has been opened up comprising almost one kilometre of the Carshalton arm of the river as well as linking it to a further 1.5 km of the Croydon arm of the river before the next barrier. From a few individual trusts in the 1990s, the rivers trust movement has grown to become active in every catchment nationally. This has lead to engaging thousands of river stakeholders. Rivers trusts are now active in every Water Framework Directive River Basin District with more than 40 rivers trusts and river groups in England & Wales fielding over 150 technical specialists in fisheries and catchment management and having access to more than 20,000 active volunteers. Rivers trusts have the unique ability to engage with government and public and private bodies to draw down resources to deliver river and catchment improvements. The weir at Millpond Place before work took place March 2011 Engaging and empowering communities Stakeholder engagement and project delivery - an example Re-engaging the residents of Wellington village with their brook - Wye & Usk Foundation RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 20 29/09/2014 14:17:22
  21. 21. 21 Outcomes Primary outcome: Improved fish passage for all species with access to habitat linked up over 2.5 km and improved ecological potential of two Water Framework Directive water bodies. Secondary outcomes: Improved in-channel morphological diversity and hydromorphology. Enhanced ecological value of marginal aquatic habitats, banks and the riparian zone. Flow has been improved in a reach where low flows have effected biodiversity to the extent that impacts of groundwater abstraction are being investigated. The project has also improved access to an existing Environment Agency fish pass allowing free movement of fish over the weir. A volunteer event involving 14 people representing over 74 hours of work was held to narrow the river and secure the banks. The new bank edge was marked by faggot bundles secured in place with chestnut stakes and wire. Weir notching with a disc cutter to improve fish passage. Importantly, the aesthetic attributes of the river have been significantly enhanced through the introduction of gravel beds and marginal aquatic plants. Additional outcomes include greater in-channel morphological diversity and improved hydromorphology, enhanced ecological value of marginal aquatic habitats, banks and the riparian zone. Faggot bundles were used to retain recovered sediment and to form the base of a new bank. This narrowed the river, improved flow and helped to reduce costs as potentially contaminated material was not taken off site. Topsoil was then added to the newly formed silt banks ready for planting. New gravels were introduced to the river in several phases and sculpted to form riffles, pools and glides which enabled the head loss through the reach to decease gradually. It also improved hydromorphology and created diversity of fish habitat. Biodegradable sediment mats and associated trapped silt were incorporated into the site at the end of the work ready for planting that involved 22 volunteers and 99 hours work planting up the banks to secure the silt accumulations. One thousand native plants and three planted coir rolls were introduced. Mesh fencing was placed around the planting for safety and to stop trampling by people and pecking by wildfowl, completing the fish passage work. Further volunteer events were then undertaken through a separately funded habitat project which was designed to complement and maximise the benefits of the improvements to fish passage at Mill Pond Place. RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 21 29/09/2014 14:17:22
  22. 22. 22 Additional benefits • A partnership with Sutton and East Surrey Water Company means good quality baseline and monitoring data is being collected for fish, invertebrates, plants and hydro-geomorphology which will enable the impacts of weir notching and associated river narrowing to be well monitored. • Spawning, fry and Invertebrate habitat has improved through the introduction of gravels, marginal and aquatic plants. • The project enabled £32,000 of match funding to be drawn down to undertake a complementary habitat project which will improve the ecological state of the whole reach. Co-finance was also provided through a Vodafone World of Difference Award which funded an employee to work on this fish easement project. • The project contributes to reinstating the once thriving fishery that existed on the Wandle. • The use of plants to secure the banks creates a more aesthetically pleasing riverside setting for neighbouring residents. • New relationships have been forged between local residents and the Wandle Trust. Local people have been very supportive and happy to see what is regarded as a forgotten area being improved. • Communication via posters, website and on the bank was very successful in increasing local people’s awareness and knowledge of fish passage and wider river ecology issues. • Most volunteers were from the local community, from all age groups and appear to have gained an increased sense of ownership and pride in their environment. Volunteers have gained increased skills having been trained in river restoration techniques. Working outdoors on conservation type activities has been demonstrated to yield distinct health benefits, both physical and mental, to participants. • The project enabled the Wandle Trust to expand its capacity, reach more people and prove itself as a successful deliverer of river improvement and Water Framework Directive measures. This has resulted in improved working relationships with the Environment Agency. The project was recently showcased to Lord Chris Smith, Environment Agency Chairman, as a demonstration of what local river trust partnerships can deliver. The Wandle Trust has developed a trusted relationship with the London Borough of Sutton (LBS) who are now more amenable to river restoration projects being delivered on LBS land (this will lead to reduced transaction costs in future projects). There is the prospect of further funding from a variety of sources to deliver Water Framework Directive measures. • The project site has become an educational resource for university students. Data from the site has contributed to two Phd projects and three MSc degrees. • The Rivers Trust have also undertaken a detailed consideration of the project suggesting quantifiable benefits will be experienced by people waking past the site (informal recreation users benefiting from improved aesthetics) and nearby property owners who are likely to experience increased property values, again due to the improved visual appearance of the river. The estimated total cost benefit ratio of the project is 34:1. In common with other River Improvement Programme funded work, the project inputs (costs) required to deliver the project have been sourced from a variety of non-governmental sources. Indeed, the Butter Hill Mill project has been able to facilitate and raise the majority of inputs from private sources either in cash or in kind. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT Butter Hill Mill Project Quantitative Evaluation – Input Profile River Improvement Fund Business Cash Private Cash EU FundingBusiness in-kind Private in-kind Environment Agency Local Authority RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 22 29/09/2014 14:17:24
  23. 23. 23 Sample Economic Evaluation (Full report with calculations available from the Rivers Trust or can be found on RT website: The following is a summary of main findings from an economic evaluation of a suite of typical projects undertaken under the Programme. Sample projects evaluated were: Head Weir Removal Project RT57 - Westcountry Rivers Trust Butter Hill Mill Fish Easement Project RT256 - Wandle Rivers Trust Aln and Coquet Fish Barriers Removal Project RT318, 319, 374, 375 - Northumbrian Rivers Trust The evaluation takes the form of a social and environmental Cost Benefit Analysis to gain an understanding of the relationship between the costs of delivering these projects and the benefits they deliver to society. The results from this exercise will to be used to compare projects delivered by Rivers Trusts and/or other organisations to assess relative performance and determine optimal allocation of resources in the future. Quantitative outputs from the economic evaluation are essentially two-fold: • Net Present Value (NPV) - the difference between the present value of benefits (outcomes) and the present value of costs (outflows). NPV can be interpreted as a means of determining the ‘return on investment’ of a project • Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR) – this is derived by dividing the benefits by the costs and can be used to assess the optimal distribution of funds across a range of projects The methodology used to carry out the economic evaluation has been based on the Benefits Assessment Guidance 2003 (BAG) and subsequent User Guide (2012). This toolkit (funded by the Environment Agency) was originally developed to provide a consistent approach to the monetary evaluation of the environmental and social costs and benefits of water quality and water resources schemes within the Periodic Review process. It is possible to draw the following conclusions from the economic evaluation undertaken: • The sample projects demonstrate positive NPV outcomes. In terms of cost benefit ratios, results from 25:1 to 43:1 have been estimated which indicates these sample projects offer very good value for money • Rivers trusts have been able to leverage the central funds provided by Defra by drawing in contributions from a variety of third party sources. With public sector funds likely to be in short supply in the short to medium term, such co-financing attributes suggest these projects offer a useful model for achieving further river restoration outcomes going forward. Combined Evaluation of sample projects co-finance input profile River Improvement Fund Private Cash Business Cash EU Funding Business in-kind Private in-kind Environment Agency Local Authority RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 23 29/09/2014 14:17:26
  24. 24. 24 splash 14May201417:28:05 Dinham Weir Larinier multi fish pass installation Severn Rivers Trust Completed late summer 2013 Rain-Charm House Kyl Cober Parc Stoke Climsland Callington Cornwall PL17 8PH United Kingdom T: +44 (0)1579 372 142 RT RIF Final Completion Report Summary V2 24pp.indd 24 29/09/2014 14:17:26