Ch1 review world


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Ch. 1 key ideas review

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Ch1 review world

  1. 1. Chapter 1 review<br />
  2. 2. Ancient civilizations<br />Mesopotamia:<br />Code of Hammurabi- earliest known set of laws<br />Egypt:<br />One of the oldest civilizations<br />Ruled by Pharaohs and very powerful and stable<br />Israelites:<br />A united kingdom with Jerusalem as the capital.<br />After King Solomon died it split into 2 kingdoms<br />Israel and Judah (Jews and Judaism) <br />
  3. 3. Ancient India<br />Caste System: a social system that divided society into 4 classes based on occupation and family<br />Hinduism: Believed that the individual self sought to know the ultimate reality of the universe. <br />Reincarnation and Karma<br />Buddhism: Started by Siddhartha Gautama (Buddah). Focused on gaining wisdom. <br />
  4. 4. Ancient China<br />History separated by dynasties<br />Dynasty: A succession of rulers from the same family<br />Family is the core of society<br />Confucianism: Came from lessons of a philosopher named Confucious. <br />Emphasized how to act morally in the real world.<br />Believed people were naturally good<br />
  5. 5. Greek Civiliazation<br />Polis (city-state)- center of Greek life. <br />A city with an acropolis below where people could gather and hold markets<br />Some ruled by an Oligarchy and others by a democracy, but all gave political rights to citizens<br />Sparta and Athens were both powerful city-states<br />Sparta was very militaristic, Athens was a great sea power <br />
  6. 6. Greek Philosophy<br />Socrates: Athenian stonemason who believed that education had no other goal than improving human understanding.<br />Socratic Method: believed that all knowledge was already in each person and it just needed to be drawn out. <br />Plato: A student of Socrates. He wrote The Republic describing an ideal state with 3 groups<br />Aristotle: A student of Plato. Focused on analyzing and classifying things based on observation and investigation.<br />
  7. 7. Rome<br />Created a republic- a form of government where there is no monarch and certain citizens can vote.<br />Roman law applied only to citizens. <br />Had a huge impact of some of our laws today<br />Christianity was born and spread in the Roman empire<br />
  8. 8. Islam<br />“Submission to Allah”<br />Started by Muhammad (the prophet)<br />Believed an Angel spoke to him and revealed the words that are now the Quran<br />Muslim religion spread quickly through the Middle East and then to Africa and Europe.<br />
  9. 9. Europe in the Middle Ages<br />Charlemagne- king of the Franks who became the first Roman emperor in many years<br />Feudalism: Nobles gave protection and land in return for loyalty and service<br />Magna Carta: gave more rights to nobles, limiting a monarchs power.<br />
  10. 10. Renaissance and Reformation<br />Renaissance was based on a rebirth of the culture of Greeks and Romans<br />Leonardo da Vinci- a “Renaissance Man”<br />Protestant Reformation: a questioning of Catholicism and it’s ideas- Martin Luther<br />Lead to the creation of the protestant church<br />