The paleolithic era and the neolithic era

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Paleolithic Era to Neolithic Era. Created for a sixth grade social studies classroom. Contains information about the transition from hunting and gathering to a more permanent and agricultural lifestyle.

Information from History Alive! Pictures from Wikipedia and Discovery Education.

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The paleolithic era and the neolithic era

  1. 1. The Paleolithic Era and the Neolithic Era From hunter-gatherers to farmers
  2. 2. The Paleolithic Era • The Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age) began when hominids first made tools. • These tools were used to make their lives easier.
  3. 3. • Humans living during the Paleolithic Era were hunter-gatherers. • This means they moved around hunting animals and gathering plants to eat.
  4. 4. • Hunting and gathering did not always provide the people with a steady supply of food. • If there were no animals and plants where the people were the people would have to leave to find plants and animals to eat.
  5. 5. • Paleolithic people lived in temporary shelters like tents or caves because they were nomads. • A nomad is a person who does not have a permanent home and moves around a lot.
  6. 6. • Paleolithic people were nomads because they moved around to follow their food sources.
  7. 7. • Paleolithic people lived in small groups of no more than 60 people because being nomadic made living in large groups difficult..
  8. 8. The Neolithic Era • The Neolithic Era (New Stone Age) began when humans invented agriculture and started making tools out of metal instead of stone.
  9. 9. • Neolithic people learned how to farm and domesticate animals. • Domesticate means to train a wild animal to be useful to humans.
  10. 10. • Growing crops and domesticating animals is called agriculture and this began in the Neolithic Era. • These people farmed in Europe, Africa, Asia, an d the Americas. Humans domesticated wheat. They would harvest it, grind it up, and use that to make other foods!
  11. 11. • A lot of Neolithic people began living in the Fertile Crescent. • The Fertile Crescent was a place where the land was fertile (good for growing plants). Sometimes historians call the Fertile Crescent the “Cradle of Civilization”
  12. 12. • Neolithic people were not nomadic. They settled down in towns and built houses because they were able to farm and needed to be close to their fields.
  13. 13. • They began to form villages around the fields they farmed and they learned how to make many new things like: jewelry, pottery, bigger houses, better clothing, and stronger tools. Neolithic Homesite
  14. 14. • Once people began building houses and living in towns life got easier. • They divided up the work; some people farmed, some took care of animals, some built houses, some made tools, some made clothing, some made pottery, and others traded. Wall painting from a Neolithic village of a man with cattle and deer.
  15. 15. • After starting agriculture Neolithic people began to focus on making their lives comfortable and beautiful. • They began decorating their clothing, pottery, and jewelry; some women even began wearing makeup!
  16. 16. • Trade began during the Neolithic Era. • Trade is buying and selling/exchanging goods. • Neolithic people began to trade for things they wanted, so some people became traders. • They wanted resources they did not have.
  17. 17. • These resources could be used to make things in their own villages. • These traders would meet with traders from other villages and exchange or sell goods for things their village did not have.Carvings of bull’s heads found in a Neolithic village
  18. 18. So to sum everything up! • Overall, life during the Paleolithic Era was tough. • Paleolithic people moved around a lot, depended on wild animals and plants for food, and did not have permanent homes.
  19. 19. • Life improved greatly during the Neolithic Era when people began farming, settling down in permanent homes, and trading.
  20. 20. Pictures from: • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Knapp_of_How ar_2.jpg • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87atalh%C3% B6y%C3%BCk • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_tool • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Age • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sheep • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheat#History

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