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Roman republic


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Roman republic

  1. 1. Quick Write 8-19 <ul><li>Which Greek philosopher wanted a group of Philosopher Kings to guard his Utopian Society? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Greek philosopher used a question-answer method to teach? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Greek philosopher applied reason to science? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Roman Republic Influence of Roman Culture
  3. 3. Greek Review <ul><li>Greeks had set standards in government and philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Philosophers changed people’s minds </li></ul><ul><li>People should not be ruled by an authoritative figure </li></ul><ul><li>However, not everyone trusted the public </li></ul><ul><li>Plato= Philosopher Kings </li></ul><ul><li>Still the power found its way to the people </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powers into three branches </li></ul>
  4. 4. Down goes Greece <ul><li>While Greece was in decline, a new civilization was developing, the Romans </li></ul><ul><li>The early Romans battled with the Greeks…the Romans would emerge the victors </li></ul>
  5. 5. Roman Republic <ul><li>Rome began with a series of kings, but would also see them fall </li></ul><ul><li>The people of Rome wanted rights and a say in the government </li></ul><ul><li>They set up a new government, a Republic </li></ul><ul><li>In this type of government, the citizens have the right to elect leaders who make the government decisions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Roman Republic <ul><li>This Roman Republic differed from the Greek form of democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks practiced: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Democracy= citizens themselves make decisions, thus DIRECTLY participate in the government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Romans practiced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic= elected officials to make decisions, thus citizens participate INDIRECTLY </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Roman Government <ul><li>Like the Athenians, Romans had established separate branches of government </li></ul><ul><li>Romans tried to create a system of laws that could be applied throughout the Roman empire </li></ul><ul><li>(remember Greeks had city-states, which could have different laws) </li></ul><ul><li>They would make use of the Greek ideals of logic and reason to create these laws and justice </li></ul>
  8. 8. Roman Law <ul><li>Some early important Roman principles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CITIZENS had equal treatment under the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A person was INNOCENT until proven guilty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Romans laws were written and posted for all to follow </li></ul>
  9. 9. Legacy of Rome <ul><li>Rome gave the world a Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Rome adopted the Greek idea that a citizen is a member of the state and not a subject of a ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Roman laws were written down </li></ul><ul><li>Roman laws could be applied equally and impartially to its citizens </li></ul>