Timeline of Democracy

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Timeline of Democracy

  1. 1. Ancient Greece Middle Ages/ Medieval Times Modern Times 750 500 150 0 500 1000 1500 2000 Roman Empire Dark Ages Rise of Democracy Loss of Democracy Rise of Democracy Again Timeline of Democracy
  2. 2. Medieval Society Political System Belief System Economic System Code of Behavior <ul><li>Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Form of government based on landholding </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances between lords and vassals </li></ul><ul><li>Oaths of loyalty in exchange for land and military service </li></ul><ul><li>Ranking of power and authority </li></ul><ul><li>The Church </li></ul><ul><li>Unifying force of Christian faith </li></ul><ul><li>Power over people’s everyday lives </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in political affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Chivalry </li></ul><ul><li>Displays of courage and valor in combat </li></ul><ul><li>Devotion to a feudal lord and heavenly lord </li></ul><ul><li>Respect toward women </li></ul><ul><li>Manors </li></ul><ul><li>Lord’s estates </li></ul><ul><li>Set of rights and obligations between serfs and lords </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficient community producing a variety of goods </li></ul>
  3. 3. Europe in the Middle Ages <ul><li>The Church </li></ul><ul><li>The great Gothic cathedrals that soared heavenward were symbols of the Church’s power. Yet this power did not go unchallenged. For decades, kings and popes engaged in power struggles. </li></ul><ul><li>Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Although the First Crusade captured Jerusalem, later Crusades accomplished little. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Better farming methods, such as the three field system and the use of horses, made it possible for farmers to grow more food. This brought a population increase in the Middle Ages. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade & Towns </li></ul><ul><li>As people moved from farms into towns, trade expanded and guilds formed for both merchants and artisans. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundred Years’ War </li></ul><ul><li>The Hundreds Years’ War further weakened feudal power. The longbow doomed armored knights. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>England and France developed strong central governments in which arose the first stirrings of democracy in medieval Europe. This can be seen in Parliament and the Estates General. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Europe’s first universities developed in the Middle Ages. Interest in learning grew in part as a result of the rediscovery of Greek writings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bubonic Plague </li></ul><ul><li>The bubonic plague killed millions and weakened the manorial economy. </li></ul>

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