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Third Places & City 2.0
@fredgarnett #oosEU Pula 28th April 2016
Third Place & City 2.0
Third Place
Some (British) History
The Origin of Spaces
City 2.0… #CityZens
@FredGarnett FRSA LKL; ...
Previously on @fredgarnett we saw…
Designing Participatory Smart Cities
Some (British) History
In London Covent Garden was the first Square
In 1971 property development was planned
But residents objected, occupied, changed
Leaving the Covent Garden of today
Tourist Attraction, heart of the West End
In 1992 Deptford Creek faced Regeneration
But residents objected, occupied, changed
Instead of a high-end Marina
We kept the Creek tidal & an open public space
Creekside Centre Sustainable build…
Used in Olympics 2012 build (IOC standard)
Urban Ecology rools OK!
Crofton Fields (Riverways project)
Recently celebrated on BBC TV Culture Show
For Art Walks (SLAW) & cultural regeneration
Social action
Cultural regeneratio...
The Third Place
Third Place & City 2.0
The Third Place or…
How to build community in #digital society
1st Place
Home
2nd Place
Work
3rd Place
Community
Building Community @ROJC
Through Participatory Governance
The Third Place (Oldenburg -1)
http://en.wikipedia/oldenburg
Characteristics of the Third Place
•Free or cheap
•Provides f...
The Third Place (Oldenburg -2)
http://en.wikipedia/oldenburg
Key features of a Third Place
Neutral Ground (not owned/restr...
The Third Place #Digital parallels 1
Social Networks and Internet Connectivity
Social Networks (Haythornthwaite 2011)
Key ...
The Third Place #Digital parallels 2
Natural History of Innovation
Adjacent Platforms (Steven Johnson)
Enable;
•Slow Hunch...
JISC RSC Northwest
Learner Modelling (see handout)
“Goal-seeking” motivated learners
Animateurs as “Trusted Intermediaries...
Digitale Integration (Germany)
Community Development Model of Learning
Attractor Stage;
Open, welcoming Locations, Learner...
Some (European) History
Third Place & City 2.0
Some (EU/GB) 3rd Place History
In Our Time – The Medieval University
1150 University of Paris chartered (for
communities o...
Some (EU/GB) 3rd Place History
Platonic Academy
1150 University of Paris chartered (for
communities of scholars)
Before Un...
The Origin of Spaces #oosEU
Third Place & City 2.0
“from action
to process”
#oosEU
Bilbao
Local
Partnerships
#oosEUlp
Darwin Eco-
Système
Bordeaux
Ecological
Transitions
#oosEUet
Multidisciplinary
CoWorking
#oosEUmc
Participatory
Governance
#oosEUpg
Place
Ladywell
Lewisham
Social
Enterprise
#oosEUse
Rojc
PULA
The Origin of Spaces #oosEU
ZAWP – Bilbao
Rolling process of hyper-local partnerships, permanently
debating w/the council ...
The Origin of Spaces #oosEU
How Can We Create New Third Places where;
1. Social-entrepreneurs create new socially useful
e...
Hello Universitatae Alternativa!
CROS Bucharest
Third Place Learning Co-operative
CROS Bucharest
City 2.0 (beyond the #smartcity)
Third Place & City 2.0
Participatory City Futures
So, how do we engage with this social
change process as it affects us day-by-day?
How do we fra...
City 2.0?
Third Place & City 2.0
What is City 2.0?
What is Web 2.0
What is Web 2.0?
1969 DarpaNet (connecting computers)
1975 Internet (network of networks...
So web 2.0 allows users to shape tech-use
Permanent beta, architectures of participation
“Technology is the essence of politics”
But are we e-enabling or transforming?
What is City 2.0?
Arguably in tech-enabled change;
Change is socially dialogical
rather than intellectually
dialectical
It...
Web 2.0 & Context shaping
If web 2.0 with user-generated
content & participative qualities
Allows for “context-shaping”
Ca...
Participatory Curation
Learner-Generated Context Research Group
interested in;
”Problematising the context
space & inventi...
Ambient Learning City
Being “insanely ambitious”
We decided to investigate how
A multiple-context Ambient
Learning City mi...
What is City 2.0?
http://en.wikipedia/City2.0
What is City 2.0?
“…involves the Public Realm, the
commons, sharing goods an...
Participatory City Futures
On the design side we need…
Development Frameworks to help the
dialogical design of
The city we...
Context Engineering the Participatory CityMunicipality Smart City Participatory
City 2.0
City City Hall Real-time
City Hal...
Conclusion; interesting city spaces come -
from sustained collaborative citizen action
Social action
Cultural regeneration...
Conclusion; interesting city spaces come from
1. CityZen action creates diverse city spaces
2. Web 2.0 allows dialogical u...
Conclusion; What Would Bowie DO?
Building Citizen-Generated Contexts Creatively
We
could
be
CityZens
Designing Participatory Smart Cities
Some Resources&Links
Unsmart Cities blog
The City in History – Lewis Mumford
Deptford...
Third Places & City 2.0
@fredgarnett #oosEU Pula 28th April 2016
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Third Places and City 2.0

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What are Third Places, what are their key characteristics & features? What have we learnt on the #oosEU project and how can they help build the participatory city 2.0? What have we learnt about how citizen actions can help create new socio-economic contexts through Cultural Regeneration and how can we feed that forward into new processes of legitimacy? Could this be the role of the emerging #CityZen

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Third Places and City 2.0

  1. 1. Third Places & City 2.0 @fredgarnett #oosEU Pula 28th April 2016
  2. 2. Third Place & City 2.0 Third Place Some (British) History The Origin of Spaces City 2.0… #CityZens @FredGarnett FRSA LKL; Social Improv LBL Citizens Connect 1997-99
  3. 3. Previously on @fredgarnett we saw… Designing Participatory Smart Cities
  4. 4. Some (British) History In London Covent Garden was the first Square
  5. 5. In 1971 property development was planned But residents objected, occupied, changed
  6. 6. Leaving the Covent Garden of today Tourist Attraction, heart of the West End
  7. 7. In 1992 Deptford Creek faced Regeneration But residents objected, occupied, changed
  8. 8. Instead of a high-end Marina We kept the Creek tidal & an open public space
  9. 9. Creekside Centre Sustainable build… Used in Olympics 2012 build (IOC standard)
  10. 10. Urban Ecology rools OK! Crofton Fields (Riverways project)
  11. 11. Recently celebrated on BBC TV Culture Show For Art Walks (SLAW) & cultural regeneration Social action Cultural regeneration Property speculation
  12. 12. The Third Place Third Place & City 2.0
  13. 13. The Third Place or… How to build community in #digital society 1st Place Home 2nd Place Work 3rd Place Community
  14. 14. Building Community @ROJC Through Participatory Governance
  15. 15. The Third Place (Oldenburg -1) http://en.wikipedia/oldenburg Characteristics of the Third Place •Free or cheap •Provides food or drink •It is accessible or proximate to users •Regular members •Has friends both old and new •Welcoming and comfortable place (Shared) Purpose & Value matter &
  16. 16. The Third Place (Oldenburg -2) http://en.wikipedia/oldenburg Key features of a Third Place Neutral Ground (not owned/restricted) Leveler (non-hierarchical) Accessible to all (low barriers to entry) A place for conversation (dialogical) A public space for social mixing – potentially transformative
  17. 17. The Third Place #Digital parallels 1 Social Networks and Internet Connectivity Social Networks (Haythornthwaite 2011) Key digital analogy to a Third Place… … which comprise… Strong Ties (friends / regulars) Weak Ties (strangers / newbies) Innovation emerges from a sweet spot mix (“i”) of strong & weak ties. Third Places, in offering community, also enable creative change…
  18. 18. The Third Place #Digital parallels 2 Natural History of Innovation Adjacent Platforms (Steven Johnson) Enable; •Slow Hunches (3rd place memory) •Adaptable Networks •Exaptation (“moving criteria across contexts”) •Generative Innovations (Proboscis)… Third Places mashup the strange & the familiar… the new emerges… http://proboscis.org.uk/2612/enabling-consequences-by-fred-garnett/
  19. 19. JISC RSC Northwest Learner Modelling (see handout) “Goal-seeking” motivated learners Animateurs as “Trusted Intermediaries” provide “timely interventions” Animateur build learning communities & mentors Learners respond to social needs Animateurs suggests resources (from links page) Model linking dynamic Third Places to participatory Web 2.0 The Community is the Curriculum; People want “community development”
  20. 20. Digitale Integration (Germany) Community Development Model of Learning Attractor Stage; Open, welcoming Locations, Learners follow interests Self-supporting “learning community” Engagement Stage; Timely Interventions, Goal Articulation, Discussion Counselling and Courses Needs “Trusted Intermediaries”
  21. 21. Some (European) History Third Place & City 2.0
  22. 22. Some (EU/GB) 3rd Place History In Our Time – The Medieval University 1150 University of Paris chartered (for communities of scholars) 1300 Inns & Inns of Court (lawyers) 1350 Middle Temple (Knights Templar) 1649 Diggers Commune (not enclosed) 1660 Coffee Shops; RS/A, Lloyds, Banks 1689 Pubs; Trade Unions, Music Venues Third Places; all historically “liminal” change emerges from the far & near
  23. 23. Some (EU/GB) 3rd Place History Platonic Academy 1150 University of Paris chartered (for communities of scholars) Before Universities were self-organised “communities of scholars” So collaboration precedes institutions (Plato’s Academy had no “content” it was learning conversations) Third Places which became institutions & grew out of self-organised learning
  24. 24. The Origin of Spaces #oosEU Third Place & City 2.0
  25. 25. “from action to process” #oosEU Bilbao Local Partnerships #oosEUlp
  26. 26. Darwin Eco- Système Bordeaux Ecological Transitions #oosEUet Multidisciplinary CoWorking #oosEUmc
  27. 27. Participatory Governance #oosEUpg Place Ladywell Lewisham Social Enterprise #oosEUse Rojc PULA
  28. 28. The Origin of Spaces #oosEU ZAWP – Bilbao Rolling process of hyper-local partnerships, permanently debating w/the council “from action to process” #CityZens LX Factory – Lisboa Hyper-cool Coworking hub, designing in a social mix. “Hoxton in a factory” a “post-welfare state” solution ROJC – Pula Rebuilding Civil Society (post Civil-War) through NGOs Darwin – Bordeaux Ecological transitions to a sustainable green economy Capture Arts – Lewisham Social Enterprise> Creative organisation> Cultural regeneration Co-creating Coworking Spaces
  29. 29. The Origin of Spaces #oosEU How Can We Create New Third Places where; 1. Social-entrepreneurs create new socially useful enterprises (& what does that mean?) 2. Multidisciplinary CoWorking enable the creation of new mashups aligned to our work interests 3. Ecological transition to a sustainable economy 4. Where Local Partnerships are proactive and help shape local agendas with communities 5. So that we can Rebuild Civil Society for all… New Third Places & Contexts generated by self-
  30. 30. Hello Universitatae Alternativa! CROS Bucharest
  31. 31. Third Place Learning Co-operative CROS Bucharest
  32. 32. City 2.0 (beyond the #smartcity) Third Place & City 2.0
  33. 33. Participatory City Futures So, how do we engage with this social change process as it affects us day-by-day? How do we frame our thoughts on the kind of places we want to live in? Web 2.0 holds potential for participation But existing organisations want more of the same (same as <the past only more intense) Transition Cities or privatised Municipalities?
  34. 34. City 2.0? Third Place & City 2.0
  35. 35. What is City 2.0? What is Web 2.0 What is Web 2.0? 1969 DarpaNet (connecting computers) 1975 Internet (network of networks) 1994 The Web (net transfer/sharing) 2002 Web2.0 (the participatory web) 2021 Kondratieff (long-wave cycle ends) Web 2.0 enables (any user) to participate in new social networks… …new forms of social Third Place
  36. 36. So web 2.0 allows users to shape tech-use Permanent beta, architectures of participation
  37. 37. “Technology is the essence of politics” But are we e-enabling or transforming?
  38. 38. What is City 2.0? Arguably in tech-enabled change; Change is socially dialogical rather than intellectually dialectical It comes from users modifying designers’ original intentions
  39. 39. Web 2.0 & Context shaping If web 2.0 with user-generated content & participative qualities Allows for “context-shaping” Can we design a development framework That allows us to shape learning contexts? City Contexts?
  40. 40. Participatory Curation Learner-Generated Context Research Group interested in; ”Problematising the context space & inventing new solutions” Creating Development Frameworks, new tools & extra-institutional structuring…
  41. 41. Ambient Learning City Being “insanely ambitious” We decided to investigate how A multiple-context Ambient Learning City might work We had Emergent Learning Model A “legitimising” Design Framework Emergent Learning Model
  42. 42. What is City 2.0? http://en.wikipedia/City2.0 What is City 2.0? “…involves the Public Realm, the commons, sharing goods and services as well as infrastructure…” “…Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because, and only when, they are created by everybody” Participatory City 2.0…
  43. 43. Participatory City Futures On the design side we need… Development Frameworks to help the dialogical design of The city we choose to live in! Both for Network Society & City 2.0 or… CityZens Context Engineering Development Framework for Network Society
  44. 44. Context Engineering the Participatory CityMunicipality Smart City Participatory City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Distributed City Hall Institution Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Participatory Management Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Citizen- generated Contexts Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  45. 45. Conclusion; interesting city spaces come - from sustained collaborative citizen action Social action Cultural regeneration Property speculation
  46. 46. Conclusion; interesting city spaces come from 1. CityZen action creates diverse city spaces 2. Web 2.0 allows dialogical user choices 3. Social change needs new framing devices 4. We can shape the contexts we live in 5. Mashups maketh new – we need dialogical development frameworks that are CityZens-centric 6. Collaborative Visioning…
  47. 47. Conclusion; What Would Bowie DO? Building Citizen-Generated Contexts Creatively We could be CityZens
  48. 48. Designing Participatory Smart Cities Some Resources&Links Unsmart Cities blog The City in History – Lewis Mumford Deptford Creekside Centre What is Web 2.0? Open Context Model of Learning Emergent Learning Model Ambient Learning City Aggregate then Curate Everything is a Metaphor Social Cities of Tomorrow Where Good Ideas come from Enabling Consequences Against the Smart City
  49. 49. Third Places & City 2.0 @fredgarnett #oosEU Pula 28th April 2016

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