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Learning City 2.0



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Learning Environments and City 2.0 presentation in Timosoara

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Learning City 2.0

  1. 1. Learning Environments & City 2.0 @fredgarnett #SLERD2016Timisoara 20 May 2016
  2. 2. Learning Environments & City 2.0 Learning Environments Web 2.0 Ambient Learning City City 2.0 Conclusions; Timisoara 2.0; Open Scholars in Open Cities
  3. 3. Learning Environments A Brief History Learning Environments & City 2.0
  4. 4. Learning Environments A Brief History 1 million years ago Plains; visionary, improv, Heutagogy 200,000 years ago Cultural DNA (Pagel) mimetic Andragogy 60,000 years ago… Maps; precise, didactic, Pedagogy Not just academics but a species…
  5. 5. Organised Learning A Brief History 2,500 years ago Plato’s Academy; learning conversations 1,000 years ago City University; monotheistic (self-organized) communities of scholars 150 years ago… (Polytechnics) Scientific, taxonomies, curricula
  6. 6. Learning Content A Brief History 2,500 Years Ago Content; what content? (Republic) 1,000 Years Ago 1-32 Books Content-Scarcity (Oxford Uni) 100 years ago… Public Libraries; Reading as Learning Content-Surplus (Mechanical Reproduction) Now? User-Generated Content… OR Content Creation & Content Curation
  7. 7. Educational Design A Brief History >Cosmologies>Taxonomies> Folksonomies The problem with education is that; They impose taxonomies on learners Instead of Folksonomies on Institutions… (We could be cocreating open scholarship)
  8. 8. Web 2.0 Learning Environments & City 2.0
  9. 9. Web 2.0 from Access (internet) to Content (WorldWideWeb) to Context (Web2.0)
  10. 10. Web 2.0 I’m interested in social change through technology use; Technological Innovation Process TIP 1771-2021 (in 50yr cycles) Kondratieff long-wave cycles of meta-technologies; microprocessor Networks, Services, Users model
  11. 11. Web 2.0 TIP Effects of technology use; 1st Order effects – planned use -ve 1st Order Effects – side-effects 2nd Order Effects – unanticipated -ve 2nd Order effects – crises… Social change comes through 2nd Order Effects; Trains > Metroland
  12. 12. Web 2.0 Arguably in tech-enabled change; Change is socially dialogical rather than intellectually dialectical It comes from users modifying designers’ original intentions
  13. 13. So web 2.0 allows users to shape tech-use Permanent beta, architectures of participation
  14. 14. So how can Web 2.0 help designers? I helped designed a social network before social networks; Information Architecture 4 Civil Society Formed lastfridaymob; argued Public technology must be; Creative, interactive, participative…
  15. 15. Web 2.0 & Learning We formed Learner-Generated Contexts group (2006) “A coincidence of motivations leading to agile configurations” Open Context Model of Learning Using a “development framework” the PAH Continuum
  16. 16. P A H Teacher School Teacher/ Learner Learner Research Cognition Epistemic Cognition Meta- Cognition Adult
  17. 17. Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy From Andragogy to Heutagogy Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy Continuum Pedagogy the institutionalisation of learning around facts, resource scarcity, subject disciplines; education as a delivery system (cognition) Andragogy negotiated, collaborative, interest-driven learning brokered into ‘open’ spaces – at best the community is the curriculum (meta-cognition) Heutagogy self-determined learning where learner creativity enables innovation (epistemic cognition) We are interested in post-virtual models of learning
  18. 18. Web 2.0 & Context shaping If web 2.0 with user-generated content & participative qualities Allows for “context-shaping” Can we design a development framework That allows us to shape learning contexts?
  19. 19. Ambient Learning City Learning Environments & City 2.0
  20. 20. Ambient Learning City from Ambient (environmental) to Smart (wired) to Social (collaborative)
  21. 21. Ambient Learning City Being “insanely ambitious” We decided to investigate how A multiple-context Ambient Learning City might work We had Emergent Learning Model …Well! How did I get here? Emergent Learning Model
  22. 22. Ambient Learning City Emergent Learning Model Educational design tool, neither institution nor student-centric but Learner-centric (learning-centric?) Education from the right… Learning from the left… Emergent Learning Model
  23. 23. Ambient Learning City In 2000 Proboscis created; “Urban Tapestries” in Brighton Enabling participative use of mobile phones in urban contexts In 2005 Mudlarking in Deptford 2006 Ealing Northala Ambient Learning Park then Kew Gardens
  24. 24. Interesting cityscapes come - from sustained collaborative citizen action
  25. 25. Creekside Centre Sustainable build… Used in Olympics 2012 build (IOC standard)
  26. 26. Urban Ecology rools OK! Crofton Fields (Riverways project)
  27. 27. Recently celebrated on BBC TV Culture Show For Art Walks (SLAW) & cultural regeneration Social action Cultural regeneration Property speculation
  28. 28. Ambient Learning City 2007 EU-IST 7 Future of Learning For the “classroom of the future” but learning context-responsive 2010 Ambient Learning City>> 2011 MOSI-ALONG Ambient Learning Open Network Group Ambient Learning City
  29. 29. Ambient Learning City 1998 Lewisham Citizens Connect Can the Internet be used to stimulate “Active Citizenship”? TaLENT Community Grid for Learning (CGfL) (CoP model) but Best CGfL in Manchester…
  30. 30. Ambient Learning City Question; can we use our development framework to Design interactive learning - In multiple contexts in Manchester 1 Participative curatorial strategies 2 Object-centred sociality History of Manchester in 100 objects
  31. 31. Ambient Learning City; New Metaphors Digital / Cabinets of Curiosities
  32. 32. Ambient Learning City; New Models Aggregate then Curate; Social Media Participation Model
  33. 33. Social Cities of Tomorrow Some Answers New metaphors New relationships Object-centred sociality Participative curatorial strategies Aggregate then Curate Post-institutional thinking Participatory Cities Social cities not smart cities
  34. 34. Ambient Learning City Answer; 1. New reframing metaphors; Digital Cabinets of Curiosity 2. Non-taxonomy learning-model; Aggregate then Curate No Taxonomies – interest-driven with QA of the learning process!
  35. 35. Ambient Learning City Effectively we were getting our hands dirty on 2nd order effects; The problem was we were in an industrial city with 150 years experience of doing that… We were learning about contexts but we weren’t context-shaping…
  36. 36. Ambient Learning City Question; how do we move from context-responsive processes to Context-shaping capabilities? What new problems do we need to solve… So that we can create a dialogical development process?
  37. 37. City 2.0 & CityZens Learning Environments & City 2.0
  38. 38. Context-shaping in City 2.0 from Representative (19th century taxonomies) to Open (access to hierarchy) to Participatory (folksonomies / intangible culture)
  39. 39. Context-shaping in City 2.0 Smart Mobs + Everything is Miscellaneous = Here Comes Everybody Enabling Consequences
  40. 40. Context In 2010 Proboscis asked me to critically review their work I wrote “enabling consequences” about shaping second-order effects As generative innovations / platforms Giles Lane, as an artist & cultural broker, argued that they were… Enabling Consequences
  41. 41. Context “Moving Criteria across contexts” Or what Steven Johnson calls exaptation Or what we call #heutagogy or…
  42. 42. Context Creativity! Playing with form Creating platforms for change BUT!!! Are we using new technologies; To e-enable existing processes Or to Transform them?
  43. 43. Context Manchester Historic knowledge context 1845 Museums Act 1850 Public Libraries Act 1871 Education Act The 19th century created a context where taxonomic hierarchies were The basis of institutional organisation Still in that form in the 21st century
  44. 44. Context In an Internet of People @BenHammersley said that “network society cannot be born” Because people who grew up in hierarchies are still in POWER How do we move from hierarchies to a participatory network society? An Internet of People British Council Lecture 2011
  45. 45. Context The Industrial Revolution threw a bomb into community Separating Home Work Leisure & Markets from each other Yet the digital revolution has the potential to… Re-integrate all our daily lives (If you want it)…
  46. 46. Context-shaping in City 2.0 from Subject (monarchy) to Citizens (constitutional monarchy) to CityZens (who knows?)
  47. 47. Context Engineering the Participatory CityMunicipality Smart City City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Networked City Hall Institutions Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Arch of Participation Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Context Engineering Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  48. 48. Conclusion; Timisoara 2.0 Learning Environments & City 2.0
  49. 49. An Open City of Open Scholars Timisoara 2.0
  50. 50. Conclusion; Timisoara 2.0 Become a Participatory Smart City Create Timispedia to curate its history & create its own identity Become a Open Source City hub sharing/documenting its evolution… Become a City of Culture 2.0 crowd- sourcing cultural developments Create a city product of participatory culture
  51. 51. Conclusion; Timisoara 2.0 For every risk… There is a chance Mayor Brune, Nijmegen, April 2016
  52. 52. An Open City of Open Scholars Timisoara 2.0
  53. 53. Learning Environments & City 2.0 @fredgarnett #SLERD2016Timisoara 20 May 2016
  54. 54. Context Engineering the Participatory CityMunicipality Smart City Participatory City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Distributed City Hall Institution Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Arch of Participation Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Context Engineering Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  55. 55. Participatory City Futures Post-war and post-modern urban plan solutions
  56. 56. Participatory City Futures Why are we talking about Smart Cities? …Social Cities, Hybrid Cities, Port Cities, City 2.0, Green Cities, Happy Cities, Future Cities, Messy Cities, Invisible Cities Transition Towns, Planet of Slums? We are facing a “paradigm shift” in our thinking about cities… Against the Smart City Adam Greenfield
  57. 57. Participatory City Futures 20 years ago I started teaching about Information Systems in Society As digital technology use developed beyond business organisations then… Their impact would be felt in our social lives This would create a Kondratieff long-wave change process in our society (1971-2021) And we have a choice in what that means because we are the USERS of new tech
  58. 58. Participatory City Futures Paradigm Shift (from Kuhn) features A transformation process not an elaboration of the existing (19th century) paradigm With “debates about fundamentals” (or types of cities – as in this presentation) No need for “consensus-forming” around existing City Hall paradigm… “Smart Cities” approach by Intel Cisco IBM Siemens is exactly this “consensus-forming”
  59. 59. Participatory City Futures BUT! As Hazel Henderson said Technology is the essence of politics Our technology choices create The kind of society we live in
  60. 60. Participatory City Futures Cities are where the eternal human conflict Between settlers and nomads is resolved Settlement requires ownership Nomads need to share But ownership & mobility are challenged by collaborative economy & smart phones Tetrad (Digital McLuhan) shows new tech; enhances^, >retrieves, <reverses, removes∨ AND we have a choice IF we are informed
  61. 61. “Technology is the essence of politics” But are we e-enabling or transforming?
  62. 62. Participatory City Futures So, how do we engage with this social change process as it affects us day-by-day? How do we frame our thoughts on the kind of cities we want to live in? Web 2.0 holds potential for participation But existing organisations want more of the same (same as <the past only more intense) Transition Cities or privatised Municipalities?
  63. 63. Participatory City Futures Some ideas from Origin of Spaces (EU) ZAWP – Bilbao Rolling process of hyper-local partnerships, permanently debating w/the council “from action to process” LX Factory – Lisboa Hyper-cool Coworking hub, designing in a social mix. “Hoxton in a factory” a “post-welfare state” solution ROJC – Pula Rebuilding Civil Society (post Civil-War) through NGOs Darwin – Bordeaux Ecological transitions to a sustainable economy Co-creating Coworking Spaces
  64. 64. “from action to process”
  65. 65. Lxfactory Lisboa
  66. 66. Participatory City Futures On the design side we need… Development Frameworks to help the dialogical design of The city we choose to live in! Both for Network Society & City 2.0 or… CityZens Context Engineering Development Framework for Network Society
  67. 67. Context Engineering the Participatory CityMunicipality Smart City Participatory City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Distributed City Hall Institution Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Arch of Participation Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Context Engineering Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  68. 68. Conclusions Designing Participatory Smart Cities
  69. 69. Designing Participatory Smart Cities 1. CityZen action creates diverse city spaces 2. Web 2.0 allows dialogical user choices 3. Social change needs new framing devices 4. We can shape the contexts we live in 5. Mashups maketh new – we need dialogical development frameworks that are CityZens-centric 6. CollaborativeVisioning…
  70. 70. Designing Participatory Smart Cities ThankYou More information on this will be found in; Digital Futures and the City of Today (forthcoming 2016) Chapter with Context Engineer Dr. Carl Smith entitled… Context Shaping City 2.0; how to use Hybrid Technologies and Techniques to make the Smart City 2.0 participatory & Cityzen-centric
  71. 71. Designing Participatory Smart Cities Some Resources&Links Unsmart Cities blog The City in History – Lewis Mumford Deptford Creekside Centre What is Web 2.0? Open Context Model of Learning Emergent Learning Model Ambient Learning City Aggregate then Curate Everything is a Metaphor Social Cities of Tomorrow Where Good Ideas come from Enabling Consequences Against the Smart City
  72. 72. Designing Participatory Smart Cities @fredgarnett
  73. 73. WikiQuals “Yes You Can!” Learning not Education Liminal not Institutionalised Bio-diversity not Monoculture Learner-centric not Student-centred Learner-generated not Course-defined Community as Curriculum not Syllabus defined Community of Sqolars not Community of Practice Personal Learning Networks not Content-delivery Quality Assured not Quality Controlled Dynamic Quality not Static Quaity Affinity not Supervision Emergent not Linear Trust the learner to be themselves; Identity…

Editor's Notes

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