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118TH CONGRESS
2D SESSION
H. R. 6090
AN ACT
To provide for the consideration of a definition of anti-
semitism set forth by the International Holocaust Re-
membrance Alliance for the enforcement of Federal anti-
discrimination laws concerning education programs or
activities, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
1
tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
2
2
•HR 6090 EH
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
1
This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Antisemitism Aware-
2
ness Act of 2023’’.
3
SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
4
It is the sense of Congress that—
5
(1) title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42
6
U.S.C. 2000d et seq.), prohibits discrimination on
7
the basis of race, color, and national origin in pro-
8
grams and activities receiving Federal financial as-
9
sistance;
10
(2) while such title does not cover discrimina-
11
tion based solely on religion, individuals who face
12
discrimination based on actual or perceived shared
13
ancestry or ethnic characteristics do not lose protec-
14
tion under such title for also being members of a
15
group that share a common religion;
16
(3) discrimination against Jews may give rise to
17
a violation of such title when the discrimination is
18
based on race, color, or national origin, which can
19
include discrimination based on actual or perceived
20
shared ancestry or ethnic characteristics;
21
(4) it is the policy of the United States to en-
22
force such title against prohibited forms of discrimi-
23
nation rooted in antisemitism as vigorously as
24
against all other forms of discrimination prohibited
25
by such title; and
26
3
•HR 6090 EH
(5) as noted in the U.S. National Strategy to
1
Counter Antisemitism issued by the White House on
2
May 25, 2023, it is critical to—
3
(A) increase awareness and understanding
4
of antisemitism, including its threat to America;
5
(B) improve safety and security for Jewish
6
communities;
7
(C) reverse the normalization of anti-
8
semitism and counter antisemitic discrimina-
9
tion; and
10
(D) expand communication and collabora-
11
tion between communities.
12
SEC. 3. FINDINGS.
13
Congress finds the following:
14
(1) Antisemitism is on the rise in the United
15
States and is impacting Jewish students in K–12
16
schools, colleges, and universities.
17
(2) The International Holocaust Remembrance
18
Alliance (referred to in this Act as the ‘‘IHRA’’)
19
Working Definition of Antisemitism is a vital tool
20
which helps individuals understand and identify the
21
various manifestations of antisemitism.
22
(3) On December 11, 2019, Executive Order
23
13899 extended protections against discrimination
24
under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to individuals
25
4
•HR 6090 EH
subjected to antisemitism on college and university
1
campuses and tasked Federal agencies to consider
2
the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism when
3
enforcing title VI of such Act.
4
(4) Since 2018, the Department of Education
5
has used the IHRA Working Definition of Anti-
6
semitism when investigating violations of that title
7
VI.
8
(5) The use of alternative definitions of anti-
9
semitism impairs enforcement efforts by adding mul-
10
tiple standards and may fail to identify many of the
11
modern manifestations of antisemitism.
12
(6) The White House released the first-ever
13
United States National Strategy to Counter Anti-
14
semitism on May 25, 2023, making clear that the
15
fight against this hate is a national, bipartisan pri-
16
ority that must be successfully conducted through a
17
whole-of-government-and-society approach.
18
SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS.
19
For purposes of this Act, the term ‘‘definition of anti-
20
semitism’’—
21
(1) means the definition of antisemitism adopt-
22
ed on May 26, 2016, by the IHRA, of which the
23
United States is a member, which definition has
24
been adopted by the Department of State; and
25
5
•HR 6090 EH
(2) includes the ‘‘[c]ontemporary examples of
1
antisemitism’’ identified in the IHRA definition.
2
SEC. 5. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION FOR TITLE VI OF THE
3
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964.
4
In reviewing, investigating, or deciding whether there
5
has been a violation of title VI of the Civil Rights Act
6
of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) on the basis of race,
7
color, or national origin, based on an individual’s actual
8
or perceived shared Jewish ancestry or Jewish ethnic char-
9
acteristics, the Department of Education shall take into
10
consideration the definition of antisemitism as part of the
11
Department’s assessment of whether the practice was mo-
12
tivated by antisemitic intent.
13
SEC. 6. OTHER RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.
14
(a) GENERAL RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in
15
this Act shall be construed—
16
(1) to expand the authority of the Secretary of
17
Education;
18
(2) to alter the standards pursuant to which the
19
Department of Education makes a determination
20
that harassing conduct amounts to actionable dis-
21
crimination; or
22
(3) to diminish or infringe upon the rights pro-
23
tected under any other provision of law that is in ef-
24
fect as of the date of enactment of this Act.
25
6
•HR 6090 EH
(b) CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTIONS.—Nothing in
1
this Act shall be construed to diminish or infringe upon
2
any right protected under the First Amendment to the
3
Constitution of the United States.
4
Passed the House of Representatives May 1, 2024.
Attest:
Clerk.
118
TH
CONGRESS
2
D
S
ESSION
H.
R.
6090
AN
ACT
To
provide
for
the
consideration
of
a
definition
of
antisemitism
set
forth
by
the
International
Holo-
caust
Remembrance
Alliance
for
the
enforcement
of
Federal
antidiscrimination
laws
concerning
education
programs
or
activities,
and
for
other
purposes.

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Antisemitism Awareness Act: pénaliser la critique de l'Etat d'Israël

  • 1. 118TH CONGRESS 2D SESSION H. R. 6090 AN ACT To provide for the consideration of a definition of anti- semitism set forth by the International Holocaust Re- membrance Alliance for the enforcement of Federal anti- discrimination laws concerning education programs or activities, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 1 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 2
  • 2. 2 •HR 6090 EH SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. 1 This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Antisemitism Aware- 2 ness Act of 2023’’. 3 SEC. 2. SENSE OF CONGRESS. 4 It is the sense of Congress that— 5 (1) title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 6 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.), prohibits discrimination on 7 the basis of race, color, and national origin in pro- 8 grams and activities receiving Federal financial as- 9 sistance; 10 (2) while such title does not cover discrimina- 11 tion based solely on religion, individuals who face 12 discrimination based on actual or perceived shared 13 ancestry or ethnic characteristics do not lose protec- 14 tion under such title for also being members of a 15 group that share a common religion; 16 (3) discrimination against Jews may give rise to 17 a violation of such title when the discrimination is 18 based on race, color, or national origin, which can 19 include discrimination based on actual or perceived 20 shared ancestry or ethnic characteristics; 21 (4) it is the policy of the United States to en- 22 force such title against prohibited forms of discrimi- 23 nation rooted in antisemitism as vigorously as 24 against all other forms of discrimination prohibited 25 by such title; and 26
  • 3. 3 •HR 6090 EH (5) as noted in the U.S. National Strategy to 1 Counter Antisemitism issued by the White House on 2 May 25, 2023, it is critical to— 3 (A) increase awareness and understanding 4 of antisemitism, including its threat to America; 5 (B) improve safety and security for Jewish 6 communities; 7 (C) reverse the normalization of anti- 8 semitism and counter antisemitic discrimina- 9 tion; and 10 (D) expand communication and collabora- 11 tion between communities. 12 SEC. 3. FINDINGS. 13 Congress finds the following: 14 (1) Antisemitism is on the rise in the United 15 States and is impacting Jewish students in K–12 16 schools, colleges, and universities. 17 (2) The International Holocaust Remembrance 18 Alliance (referred to in this Act as the ‘‘IHRA’’) 19 Working Definition of Antisemitism is a vital tool 20 which helps individuals understand and identify the 21 various manifestations of antisemitism. 22 (3) On December 11, 2019, Executive Order 23 13899 extended protections against discrimination 24 under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to individuals 25
  • 4. 4 •HR 6090 EH subjected to antisemitism on college and university 1 campuses and tasked Federal agencies to consider 2 the IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism when 3 enforcing title VI of such Act. 4 (4) Since 2018, the Department of Education 5 has used the IHRA Working Definition of Anti- 6 semitism when investigating violations of that title 7 VI. 8 (5) The use of alternative definitions of anti- 9 semitism impairs enforcement efforts by adding mul- 10 tiple standards and may fail to identify many of the 11 modern manifestations of antisemitism. 12 (6) The White House released the first-ever 13 United States National Strategy to Counter Anti- 14 semitism on May 25, 2023, making clear that the 15 fight against this hate is a national, bipartisan pri- 16 ority that must be successfully conducted through a 17 whole-of-government-and-society approach. 18 SEC. 4. DEFINITIONS. 19 For purposes of this Act, the term ‘‘definition of anti- 20 semitism’’— 21 (1) means the definition of antisemitism adopt- 22 ed on May 26, 2016, by the IHRA, of which the 23 United States is a member, which definition has 24 been adopted by the Department of State; and 25
  • 5. 5 •HR 6090 EH (2) includes the ‘‘[c]ontemporary examples of 1 antisemitism’’ identified in the IHRA definition. 2 SEC. 5. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION FOR TITLE VI OF THE 3 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964. 4 In reviewing, investigating, or deciding whether there 5 has been a violation of title VI of the Civil Rights Act 6 of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) on the basis of race, 7 color, or national origin, based on an individual’s actual 8 or perceived shared Jewish ancestry or Jewish ethnic char- 9 acteristics, the Department of Education shall take into 10 consideration the definition of antisemitism as part of the 11 Department’s assessment of whether the practice was mo- 12 tivated by antisemitic intent. 13 SEC. 6. OTHER RULES OF CONSTRUCTION. 14 (a) GENERAL RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in 15 this Act shall be construed— 16 (1) to expand the authority of the Secretary of 17 Education; 18 (2) to alter the standards pursuant to which the 19 Department of Education makes a determination 20 that harassing conduct amounts to actionable dis- 21 crimination; or 22 (3) to diminish or infringe upon the rights pro- 23 tected under any other provision of law that is in ef- 24 fect as of the date of enactment of this Act. 25
  • 6. 6 •HR 6090 EH (b) CONSTITUTIONAL PROTECTIONS.—Nothing in 1 this Act shall be construed to diminish or infringe upon 2 any right protected under the First Amendment to the 3 Constitution of the United States. 4 Passed the House of Representatives May 1, 2024. Attest: Clerk.
  • 7.