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Citizen Generated Contexts

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My presentation at Mediated City Conference Bristol looking at how structured social media use can help enable new forms of public agency in the emerging Smart City, better City 2.0. Social Networks offer us strong ties & weak ties and Social change comes from an collaborative mix of string & weak ties/

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Citizen Generated Contexts

  1. 1. Citizen-Generated Contexts @fredgarnett #CityZens Bristol 2nd April 2016
  2. 2. Citizen-Generated Contexts Social action Cultural regeneration Property speculation Complex social-practices as “extra- institutional structuring”
  3. 3. (or) Structuring Social Media 4 CityZens Municipality Smart City Participatory City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Distributed City Hall Institution Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Arch of Participation Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Context Engineering Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  4. 4. Citizen-Generated Contexts; topics Learner-Generated Contexts Ambient Learning City Citizens & Participation e-Enabling or Transformational? Metaphors (dynamic) Extra-Institutional Structuring; Complex-Social Practices Citizen-Generated Contexts
  5. 5. Learner-Generated Contexts Citizen-Generated Contexts
  6. 6. Web 2.0 from Access (to technology) to Content (digital/divide User-generated content YouTube/blogs) to Context (Context-shaping / Dialogical activities)
  7. 7. Web 2.0 & Learning We formed Learner-Generated Contexts group (2006) “A coincidence of motivations leading to agile configurations” Open Context Model of Learning Using a “development framework” the PAH Continuum
  8. 8. P A H Teacher School Teacher/ Learner Learner Research Cognition Epistemic Cognition Meta- Cognition Adult
  9. 9. Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy From Andragogy to Heutagogy Pedagogy Andragogy Heutagogy Continuum Pedagogy the institutionalisation of learning around facts, resource scarcity, subject disciplines; education as a delivery system (cognition) Andragogy negotiated, collaborative, interest-driven learning brokered into ‘open’ spaces – at best the community is the curriculum (meta-cognition) Heutagogy self-determined learning where learner creativity enables innovation (epistemic cognition)
  10. 10. Learning could now be… context shaping
  11. 11. Challenging boundaries; Making Curricula, Organisation, Administration Liminal
  12. 12. “Technology is the essence of politics” But are we e-enabling or transforming?
  13. 13. Ambient-Learning City Citizen-Generated Contexts
  14. 14. Can we treat the City As a range of Learning Environments?
  15. 15. Social Cities of Tomorrow Some Answers New metaphors New relationships Object-centred sociality Participative curatorial strategies Aggregate then Curate Post-institutional thinking Participatory Cities
  16. 16. Citizens & Participation Citizen-Generated Contexts
  17. 17. Citizens & Participation Current participation on Politics; 30% & Voting describe as “participation” Is the choice between smart phones as fantastic technology for diversion? OR Clictivism seeming to be involved with saving everything but absent from place? Or can we use #socialmedia to help structure new relationships?
  18. 18. Rem Koolhaas “fantastic technology” Evgeny Morozov To save everything; click here
  19. 19. e-Enabling or Transformational? Citizen-Generated Contexts
  20. 20. e-Enabling or Transformational? Ben Hammersley ‘Towards an Internet of People (2011) Hierarchies vs Networks… Informations Systems in Society; Hierarchical Business Information Systems vs Everything is Miscellaneous (Weinberger) (after Taxonomies “information-retrieval is expensive” Brazil 1984)
  21. 21. Development Frameworks Open Context Model for Learning, included a “development framework” *Pedagogy – subject mastery *Heutagogy - enabling creativity Development Frameworks as “an intermediate structuring process” First as a Heuristic then as a Design Tool
  22. 22. P A H Teacher School Teacher/ Learner Learner Research Cognition Epistemic Cognition Meta- Cognition Adult
  23. 23. Development Framework as Design Tool
  24. 24. Heuristic Framework for CityZens Municipality Smart City Participatory City 2.0 City City Hall Real-time City Hall Distributed City Hall Institution Bricks & Mortar Clicks & Mortar Arch of Participation Street Tarmac Wifi/Digital Context Engineering Strategy Urban Plan Urban Vision Collaborative Vision
  25. 25. Caroline Haythornthwaite on Social Networks Social Networks offer us strong ties & weak ties Social change comes from a collaborative mix of ties The Stygmergy of Swarming #socialmedia as extra- institutional structuring…
  26. 26. Meta-Phors… Citizen-Generated Contexts
  27. 27. Everything is a Metaphor @fredgarnett “deconstruct our currently structuring language use”
  28. 28. Ambient Learning City; Emergence Digital / Cabinets of Curiosities
  29. 29. Ambient Learning City; Emergence Digital Cabinets of Curiosities Cabinets of Curiosities predate Museums Then; New Artefacts! New collections! Promoting New futures! Now; museums curate traditional collections Promoting old histories :-( Let’s build Digital Cabinets of Curiosities Rewrite our narrative relationships with cultural objects that we own and share
  30. 30. Extra-Institutional Structuring Citizen-Generated Contexts
  31. 31. Participatory Curation Learner-Generated Context Research Group interested in; ”Problematising the context space & inventing new solutions” Creating Development Frameworks, new tools & extra-institutional structuring…
  32. 32. Aggregate then Curate #Pararchive Leeds University 2015 Fred Garnett Drew Whitworth
  33. 33. Ambient Learning City; New Models Aggregate then Curate; Social Media Participation Model
  34. 34. Complex Social Practices Citizen-Generated Contexts
  35. 35. Complex Social Practices Social Media Learning Models Violeta Serbu HE use of #socialmedia is based on; 1. Tools, 2. Learning Environments, & 3. Complex Social Practices… (CROS) In our comparison of CROS & #WikiQuals We realised that the Complex Social Practices… Come FIRST…
  36. 36. CROS as Complex Social Practice
  37. 37. Existing Complex Social Practices Transition Towns, Local Assemblies, MakeSense Meetups, GovCamps, CityCamps #Occupy, Free Schools, Ragged University, UK great @ alt.history
  38. 38. Complex Social Practices Citizen-Generated Contexts Social action Cultural regeneration Property speculation Low-tide walks Deptford Creek
  39. 39. Complex Social Practices Mobility & the City; THEN!… Smart Mobs “ ad-hoc, self-organised, networks of grassroots users of fast comms, challenge existing tech, regulatory regimes & industries” Rheingold 2002 as was… Urban Tapestries (Proboscis) City as Material But Rheingold referenced the Japanese i-Phone, but instead NOW! we havethe iPhone… So proprietary instead of #Open #lastfridaymob
  40. 40. Citizen-Generated Contexts… Citizen-Generated Contexts
  41. 41. Citizen-Generated Contexts… We can define CGSs as “structured social media enabling purposeful public agency” With structure social media as extra- institutional structuring & And purposeful public agency from New complex social practices… (Ta Aaron Tobey! – Cincinnati)
  42. 42. enabling #participatory City Futures So, how do we engage with this social change process as it affects us day-by-day? How do we frame our thoughts on the kind of cities we want to live in? Web 2.0 holds potential for participation But existing organisations want more of the same (same as <the past only more intense) Transition Cities or privatised Municipalities?
  43. 43. Build the Society that Pleases You Most #makesense
  44. 44. BY Solving the problem that annoyed us most #WikiQuals; self-accredited learning Phillipa Young - TEDx
  45. 45. enabling #participatory City Futures Some ideas from Origin of Spaces (EU) ZAWP – Bilbao Rolling process of hyper-local partnerships, permanently debating w/the council “from action to process” LX Factory – Lisboa Hyper-cool Coworking hub, designing in a social mix. “Hoxton in a factory” a “post-welfare state” solution ROJC – Pula Rebuilding Civil Society (post Civil-War) through NGOs Darwin – Bordeaux Ecological transitions to a sustainable economy Co-creating Coworking Spaces
  46. 46. “from action to process” #oosEU
  47. 47. Participatory City Futures On the design side we need… Development Frameworks to help the dialogical design of The city we choose to live in! Both for Network Society & City 2.0 or… CityZens Context Engineering Development Framework for Network Society
  48. 48. Citizen-Generated Contexts… We need a “distributed, citizen-centric, diverse, democratic, political architecture” Positively designed for Emergence Where people say “How can I participate?” NOT “What can I buy?”
  49. 49. Citizen-Generated Contexts or Before and After Smart Cities @fredgarnett

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