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Stem changers

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Avancemos 3 Leccion Preliminar Stem Changing Verbs

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Stem changers

  1. 1. The Present Tense of Stem-Changing Verbs: e  ie, e  i, o  ue(El tiempo presente de los verbos de cambio radical)
  2. 2. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural.
  3. 3. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs.
  4. 4. There is a fairly large group of verbs in Spanish that undergo changes in their stem when conjugated in the present tense. These changes occur only in the first and second persons singular and third persons singular and plural. When a line is drawn around the forms that change, the resultingshape vaguely resembles a boot or high-top shoe; thus, these verbs are sometimes informally called “boot” or “shoe” verbs. There are three types or classes of “boot” verbs.
  5. 5. Type 1: e  ie
  6. 6. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender
  7. 7. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo
  8. 8. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes
  9. 9. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entiendes entiende
  10. 10. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entiende
  11. 11. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende
  12. 12. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
  13. 13. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden
  14. 14. Type 1: e  ieWe’ll use entender, to understand, as an example of this type. entender entiendo entendemos entiendes entendéis entiende entienden The stem undergoes the change only when stressed.
  15. 15. Here are some other common e  ie verbs:
  16. 16. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin
  17. 17. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something)
  18. 18. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose
  19. 19. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer
  20. 20. Here are some other common e  ie verbs: empezar, comenzar to begin pensar (+ infinitive) to think; to plan (to do something) perder to lose preferir to prefer querer to want, to love
  21. 21. tener, venir
  22. 22. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity.
  23. 23. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo
  24. 24. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes
  25. 25. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tienes tiene
  26. 26. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tiene
  27. 27. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene
  28. 28. tener, venirThe verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienen
  29. 29. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow.
  30. 30. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo
  31. 31. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes
  32. 32. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo vienes viene
  33. 33. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes viene
  34. 34. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene
  35. 35. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienen
  36. 36. tener, venir The verbs tener and venir are what might be called partial stem-changing verbs; the yo forms do not have the stem change, but they do have an irregularity. tengo tenemos tienes tenéis tiene tienenTengo exámenes mañana. I have exams tomorrow. vengo venimos vienes venís viene vienenVengo de la biblioteca. I’m coming from the library.
  37. 37. Type 2: e  i
  38. 38. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir
  39. 39. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo
  40. 40. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves
  41. 41. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo sirves sirve
  42. 42. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves sirve
  43. 43. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve
  44. 44. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
  45. 45. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven
  46. 46. Type 2: e  iWe’ll use servir, to serve, as an example of this type. servir sirvo servimos sirves servís sirve sirven Note: All e  i verbs are -ir verbs.
  47. 47. Here are some other common e  i verbs:
  48. 48. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve
  49. 49. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request
  50. 50. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping
  51. 51. Here are some other common e  i verbs: servir to serve pedir to ask for, to request repetir to repeat, to have a second helping competir to compete
  52. 52. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir
  53. 53. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo
  54. 54. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices
  55. 55. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo dices dice
  56. 56. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices dice
  57. 57. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice
  58. 58. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
  59. 59. DECIR is a boot verb AND it has an irregular yo form. decir digo decimos dices decís dice dicen
  60. 60. Type 3: o  ue
  61. 61. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar
  62. 62. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo
  63. 63. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas
  64. 64. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almuerzas almuerza
  65. 65. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almuerza
  66. 66. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza
  67. 67. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
  68. 68. Type 3: o  ueWe’ll use almorzar, to have lunch, as an example of this type. almorzar almuerzo almorzamos almuerzas almorzáis almuerza almuerzan
  69. 69. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar
  70. 70. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego
  71. 71. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas
  72. 72. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego juegas juega
  73. 73. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas juega
  74. 74. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega
  75. 75. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
  76. 76. The verb jugar, to play (games or sports), follows thesame pattern as o  ue verbs, but the change is u  ue. jugar juego jugamos juegas jugáis juega juegan
  77. 77. Here are some other common o  ue verbs:
  78. 78. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to count
  79. 79. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep
  80. 80. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find
  81. 81. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can
  82. 82. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember
  83. 83. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about)
  84. 84. Here are some other common o  ue verbs: contar* to tell a story, to dormir count to sleep encontrar to find poder to be able; can recordar to remember soñar (con) to dream (about) volver to return, to come back
  85. 85. The verbs querer and preferir Expressing desires and preferences Querer and preferir are important stem- changing verbs that have multiple uses.
  86. 86. querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a thing as the direct object, querer means to want.
  87. 87. ¿Quiere un Sí, y quiero sándwich papas fritas de pollo? también, por favor.
  88. 88. querer quiero queremos quieres queréis quiere quierenWhen used with a person as the direct object, querer means to love.
  89. 89. preferir prefiero preferimos prefieres preferís prefiere prefierenPreferir, of course, means to prefer.
  90. 90. ¿Quiere un sándwich No señor, de pollo? prefiero una hamburguesa.
  91. 91. Both querer and preferir can be usedwith an infinitive directly after them
  92. 92. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . .quiero queremosquieres queréisquiere quieren
  93. 93. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir
  94. 94. Both querer and preferir can be used with an infinitive directly after themWe start with an appropriate person andnumber of querer or preferir . . . and then add any infinitive.quiero queremos estudiar leerquieres queréis escribir comer viajar aprenderquiere quieren bailar dormir Rafael quiere esquiar, pero su novia prefiere patinar. Rafael wants to ski, but his girlfriend prefers to skate.
  95. 95. Thinking and planningThe verb pensar is another very useful stem- changing verb. pienso pensamos piensas pensáis piensa piensan
  96. 96. Thinking and planning
  97. 97. Thinking and planningPensar basically means “to think.”
  98. 98. Thinking and planning Pensar basically means “to think.”Me gusta ir al parque parapensar y descansar.I like to go to the park tothink and rest.
  99. 99. Thinking and planning
  100. 100. Thinking and planningPensar en means “to think about.”
  101. 101. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies.
  102. 102. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family.
  103. 103. Thinking and planning Pensar en means “to think about.” Gabriela siempre piensa en sus estudios.Gabriela is always thinking about her studies. Pensamos en el bienestar de la familia.We’re thinking about the wellbeing of the family. ¿En qué piensas?What are you thinking about?
  104. 104. Thinking and planning
  105. 105. Thinking and planningPensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)
  106. 106. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.)¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?
  107. 107. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.)
  108. 108. Thinking and planning Pensar de means “to think of” (to have an opinion about.) ¿Qué piensas de las novelas de Márquez? What do you think of Márquez’s novels?Pensar que means “to think that” (in answer to the above question, for example.) Yo pienso que sus novelas son maravillosas. I think that his novels are wonderful.
  109. 109. Thinking and planning
  110. 110. Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . .
  111. 111. Thinking and planningPensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do something
  112. 112. Thinking and planning Pensar also has a special use . . . pensar + infinitive = to plan to do somethingPensamos escucharmúsica en el parque estatarde.We’re planning to listen tomusic in the park thisafternoon.
  113. 113. Thinking and planning
  114. 114. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .
  115. 115. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .
  116. 116. Thinking and planning¿Qué piensas hacer después de clase? Después de clase, yo pienso . . .¿Qué piensas hacer este fin de semana? Este fin de semana, pienso . . .¿Qué piensan hacer Uds. (tú y tu familia)en las vacaciones de verano? En las vacaciones de verano, pensamos . . .
  117. 117. FIN

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