Grammar Book!<br />Enrique<br />
Table Of Contents<br />1)Conditional & Irregulars<br />2) Perfect Tense<br />	1. Present<br />2. Past<br />3. Present Pref...
Conditional & Irregulars<br />Expressions of probability, possibility, and Conjecture! “Would, Could, Should” <br />
Prefect Tense<br />Prefect tense portrays an action or state that is completed and not in progress, from a different point...
Present!!<br />The Present Prefect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb “has” or “have” with the past participle <br ...
PAST<br />“Had”<br />Same endings as Conditional<br />EX:<br />Habían vivido- theyhadlived.<br />
Present Perfect Irregulars<br />Han escrito- they have written<br />Ha muerto- he has died<br />Ha dicho- you (formal) hav...
Subjunctive Perfect<br />Perfect Subjunctive<br />Yo<br />Tu<br />El/ella/usted<br />Nosotros<br />ellos<br />Haya<br />Ha...
Tanto & Tan<br />Forming Comparisons of equalities with nouns <br />Tanto(-a, -os, -as) + noun + como<br />EX:<br />Mateo ...
Impersonal “Se”<br />Verb is always in 3rd person<br />Followed by a direct object<br />Se + 3rd person singular<br />EX: ...
Saber VS. Conocer<br />
Los Mandatos<br />Used to directly address someone and give them an order<br />Formal or informal<br />Nosotros<br />Affir...
Informal & Formal<br />
Affirmative<br />
Negative<br />
Irregulars!<br />
DOP & IOP <br />DOP<br />The DOP is placed before the verb<br />Answers Who? And What? <br />The IOPis placed before the v...
Used when speaker is included<br />Lets + Verb<br />Opposite nosotros ending is used<br />EX:<br />Comamos en casa.<br />N...
Mono Verbs<br />Affirmative nosotros commands<br />Final “s” is dropped before adding “-nos” or “-se”<br />EX:<br />Sentem...
The pronouns comes before the verb
EX: </li></ul>No nos sentémonos. <br />
Subjunctive<br /><ul><li>Everything but certainty and objectivity </li></ul>-ER/<br /> -IR<br />-AR<br />-e<br />-es<br />...
Subjunctive Irregulars<br />-Car 	-Gar	  -Zar 	TVDISHES<br />
Expression of Emotion with Present Subjunctive<br />Main Clause EX: <br />Hope, Fear, Joy, Pity, Surprise<br /><ul><li>Nos...
We are happythat you like the flowers.
Lo siento que tu no puedas venir mañana.
I’m sorry that you cannot come tomorrow.</li></ul>Infinitive is used after the subjunctive <br />Temosacareso<br />Imafria...
Triggers<br /><ul><li> Antes que...
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Grammar book!2

  1. 1. Grammar Book!<br />Enrique<br />
  2. 2. Table Of Contents<br />1)Conditional & Irregulars<br />2) Perfect Tense<br /> 1. Present<br />2. Past<br />3. Present Prefect Irregulars <br />4. Subjunctive Perfect<br />3) Tanto... Tan <br />4) Impersonal Se<br />5) Saber VS Conocer<br />6) Los Mandatos<br />1. Informal y Formal<br />2. Affirmative<br />3. Negative<br />4. Irregular<br />7) DOP & IOP Placement<br />8) Nosotros Commands<br />1. Mono Verbs<br />9) Subjunctive & Irregulars<br />1. Expressions of Emotions<br />10) Triggers<br />1. Impersonal<br /> 2. Expressions of Emotions<br />3. Conjunctions of Time<br />11) Demonstrative ADJs and Pronouns<br />
  3. 3. Conditional & Irregulars<br />Expressions of probability, possibility, and Conjecture! “Would, Could, Should” <br />
  4. 4. Prefect Tense<br />Prefect tense portrays an action or state that is completed and not in progress, from a different point of view<br />Two parts...<br />Helping Verbs + Past Participle <br />3 tense- Present prefect, Past Prefect, Future Prefect.<br />
  5. 5. Present!!<br />The Present Prefect is formed by combining the auxiliary verb “has” or “have” with the past participle <br />EX:<br />Ha comido- He has eaten.<br />
  6. 6. PAST<br />“Had”<br />Same endings as Conditional<br />EX:<br />Habían vivido- theyhadlived.<br />
  7. 7. Present Perfect Irregulars<br />Han escrito- they have written<br />Ha muerto- he has died<br />Ha dicho- you (formal) have said<br />Hemoshecho- we have done<br />Has vuelto- you have returned<br />Han visto- you all have seen<br />He abierto- I have opened<br />Hemospuesto- we have put<br />
  8. 8. Subjunctive Perfect<br />Perfect Subjunctive<br />Yo<br />Tu<br />El/ella/usted<br />Nosotros<br />ellos<br />Haya<br />Hayas<br />Haya<br />Hayamos<br />hayan<br />+Hablado<br />+Comido <br />+Vivido<br />Subjunctive perfect is the compound tense of the present subjunctive of HABERand the past participle of the main verb<br />
  9. 9. Tanto & Tan<br />Forming Comparisons of equalities with nouns <br />Tanto(-a, -os, -as) + noun + como<br />EX:<br />Mateo tiene tantoquesocomo Pancho.<br />Forming comparisons of equalities with Adjectives or adverbs<br />Tan + Adjective/Adverb + como<br />EX:<br />El Peliculaestanbuenocomoel libro. <br />
  10. 10. Impersonal “Se”<br />Verb is always in 3rd person<br />Followed by a direct object<br />Se + 3rd person singular<br />EX: <br />Se habla Español<br />
  11. 11. Saber VS. Conocer<br />
  12. 12. Los Mandatos<br />Used to directly address someone and give them an order<br />Formal or informal<br />Nosotros<br />Affirmative or negative<br />
  13. 13. Informal & Formal<br />
  14. 14. Affirmative<br />
  15. 15. Negative<br />
  16. 16. Irregulars!<br />
  17. 17. DOP & IOP <br />DOP<br />The DOP is placed before the verb<br />Answers Who? And What? <br />The IOPis placed before the verb<br />Answers To whom? And For whom? <br />IOP<br />
  18. 18. Used when speaker is included<br />Lets + Verb<br />Opposite nosotros ending is used<br />EX:<br />Comamos en casa.<br />Nosotros Commands<br />-emos: nosotros command for –AR verbs<br />-amos: nosotros command for –ER/IR verbs<br />*Negative- just add “no” before*<br />
  19. 19. Mono Verbs<br />Affirmative nosotros commands<br />Final “s” is dropped before adding “-nos” or “-se”<br />EX:<br />Sentemos + nos = Sentémonos<br /><ul><li>With negative nosotros commands
  20. 20. The pronouns comes before the verb
  21. 21. EX: </li></ul>No nos sentémonos. <br />
  22. 22. Subjunctive<br /><ul><li>Everything but certainty and objectivity </li></ul>-ER/<br /> -IR<br />-AR<br />-e<br />-es<br />-e<br />-emos<br />-en<br />-a<br />-as<br />-a<br />-amos<br />-an<br />Com + a = coma<br />Habl + e = hable<br />
  23. 23. Subjunctive Irregulars<br />-Car -Gar -Zar TVDISHES<br />
  24. 24. Expression of Emotion with Present Subjunctive<br />Main Clause EX: <br />Hope, Fear, Joy, Pity, Surprise<br /><ul><li>Nos alegramos deque te gusten las flores.
  25. 25. We are happythat you like the flowers.
  26. 26. Lo siento que tu no puedas venir mañana.
  27. 27. I’m sorry that you cannot come tomorrow.</li></ul>Infinitive is used after the subjunctive <br />Temosacareso<br />Imafriadto take this out. <br />
  28. 28. Triggers<br /><ul><li> Antes que...
  29. 29. A menos que...
  30. 30. Dudar que...
  31. 31. Es bueno que...
  32. 32. Querer que...
  33. 33. Negar que
  34. 34. En raro que
  35. 35. Cuando...
  36. 36. En cuanto...
  37. 37. Es imposible que...
  38. 38. Es malo que...
  39. 39. Sin que...
  40. 40. Hasta que...
  41. 41. Es mejor que...
  42. 42. Esperar que... </li></li></ul><li>Impersonal Expressions<br />
  43. 43. Expressions of Emotions<br />
  44. 44. Conjunctions<br />of Time<br />
  45. 45. Demonstrative Adjectives<br /><ul><li>Placed before the noun
  46. 46. Agrees with number and gender
  47. 47. EX: the house= esta casa</li></li></ul><li>Demonstrative Pronouns <br />ADJ! can be used as a noun as well.<br />Accent on the first “e”<br />Prefiero ésa- I prefer that one<br />

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