TRADITIONAL MODELS FOR UNDERSTANDING LEADERSHIP

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TRADITIONAL MODELS FOR UNDERSTANDING LEADERSHIP

  1. 1. TRADITIONAL MODELS FOR UNDERSTANDIN G LEADERSHIP
  2. 2. THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP  LEADERSHIP- it is a term that is often used in everyday conversation, you might assume that it has a common and accepted meaning. In fact just the opposite true like several other key organizational behavior term such as personality and motivation.
  3. 3. THE MEANING OF LEADERSHIP  We will define leadership in terms of both process and property, as a process leadership is the use of noncoercive influence to direct and coordinate the activities of group members to meet a goal.
  4. 4. LEADERSHIP VERSUS MANAGEMENT  Leadership and management are related but they are not the same. A person can be manager a leader both or neither some of the basic distinctions between the two
  5. 5. KOTTERS DISTINCTION BETWEEN MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP
  6. 6. EARLY APPROACHES TO LEADERSHIP  Although leaders and leadership have profoundly influenced the course of human events , careful scientific study of them began only about a centure ago. Early studies focused on the traits, or personal characteristics of leaders
  7. 7. TRAIT APPROACHES  Lincoln. Napoleon, joan of arc, Hitler and Gandhi are names that most of us know quite well early researchers believed that leaders such as these had some unique set of qualities or traitsthat distinguish them from their peers.
  8. 8. BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES TO LEADERSHIP  In the late 1940s most researchers began to shift away from the traits approach and started to look at leadership as an observable to process or activity.
  9. 9. THE MICHIGAN STUDIES  The Michigan studies leadership studies were a program of research conducted at the university of Michigan. The goal of this work was to determine the patterns of leadership behaviors that results in effective group performance.
  10. 10. LEADERSHIP GRID Provides a means for evaluating leadership styles and then training managers to move toward an ideal style of behavior THE EMERGENCE SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP MODELS The leader- behavior theories have played an importantant role in the development of more realistic, albeit more complex approaches to leadership.in particular urge us not to be so preoccupied with what properties may be possessed by leaders but to instead concentrate on that leaders actually to do.
  11. 11. THE LPC THEORY OF LEADERSHIP SITUATIONAL FAVORABLE NESS Very favorable Moderately favorable Very unfavorable RECOMMEN DED LEADER BEHAVIOR Task oriented behavior Person oriented behavior Task oriented behavior
  12. 12. LEADER SITUATION MATCH What happens if a person oriented leader faces a very favorable or very un favorable situation or a task oriented leaders faces a situation of intermediate favorable
  13. 13. VROOMS DECISION TREE APPROACH TO LEADERSHIP  The third major contemporary approach to leadership is vroomS decision tree approach. The earliest version of this model was propoed by victor vroom and Philip yetton and latter revided and expanded by vroom and Arthur jago.
  14. 14. BASIC PREMISES  Vrooms decision tree approach assumes that the degree to which subordinates should be encouraged to participate in decision making depends on the characteristic of the situation
  15. 15. EVALUATION AND IMPLICATIONS  Because Vrooms current approach is lelatively new it has not been fully scientifically tested. The original model and its subsequent refinement however attracted a great deal of attention and were generally supported by research.
  16. 16.  END

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