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PHILIPPINE HISTORY

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PHILIPPINE HISTORY

  1. 1. ECONOMIC INSTITUTION 
  2. 2. BOOSTING AGRICULTURE   New plants, animals, and industries to our country. Common place now are :  Cacao  Beans  Coffee  Corn  Peanuts  Sugarcane  Tobacco  Maguey
  3. 3.   Wheat  Cattle  Horses  Geese  Ducks  Sheep  Turkey  Swan added to the meager stock of animals owned by Filipino farmers.
  4. 4.   Filipinos learned new industries such as tile making, soap and wine making, quarrying adobe stones, raising cattle, weaving hats, extracting dyes such as indigo from tropical plants and printing and binding books.  New techniques in farming, fishing, and weaving, mining, metal work were also introduced to increase production  The manufacture of hem, sugar, coconut, and tobacco was developed during the Spanish period.
  5. 5.   The Spanish concerns in the Philippines not only centered on the propagandation of the Christian faith and strengthening their political power, also achieving economic development for the country.  The laws of the indies and the ordinance of good government contained provisions outlining programs for agriculture trade and industries  The Manila- Acapulco trade, known as the Galleon trade. Established to encourage trade.
  6. 6. GOVERNOR- GENERAL BASCO AND HIS ECONOMIC REFORMS   The initiative of Governor Jose Basco Economic Society of friend of the country
  7. 7. TOBACCO MONOPOLY   Tobacco monopoly of the royal company of the Philippines were organized. In 1834 the Philippines opened its ports to world trade  tobacco monopoly.pptx  PRESENTATION.pptx
  8. 8. ROYAL COMPANY OF THE PHILIPPINES 
  9. 9. OPENING OF MANILA TO WORLDTRADE   Spanish Foreign trade policies were restrictive in nature. It did not allow its colonies like the Philippines, to trade directly with foreign countries, this right was reserved for the Spaniards.  This policy changed when Adam Smith, idea of Laissez- faire in business became acceptable in Europe.
  10. 10. TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION   Economic development during the 19th century was further aided by the construction of roads and bridges and the introduction of new means of communication.  Many roads and bridges were constructed during the administration of Governor- General Pascual Enrile.
  11. 11. DEVELOPMENT OF BANKING INSTITUTIONS   Development of Banking Institutions.pptx
  12. 12. EDUCATIONAL TRANSFORMATION   The earliest schools in the Philippines were in compliance with Charles V’s decree of July 17, 1550.  Spanish missionaries in the Philippines used children in the belief that they would learn our alphabet, language, Christian doctrine and customs, policies and transmit them in the towns afterwards.  The society of Jesus, as the teaching order- specifically believed that their hope of a “brilliant” Christianity came from children.
  13. 13.   Collegio de Niňos was founded in 1596.  Parochial Schools, another et of schools established in the country.  First parochial school opened in Cebu in 1565 by Augustinian Order  The Missionaries also founded the first school and colleges in the country- they introduced the Latin alphabet and taught the Spanish language
  14. 14.   Educational Decree of 1863, simultaneous with the establishment of men’s schools, one for boys and another for girls- aged from 6 to 14 years old.  Subject taught were the three P’s Christian doctrine taught by the parish priest.  Pupils were forbidden to speak their own dialects.  Girls studied sewing lieu of agriculture, as well as geography and Spanish history.
  15. 15.   Parent’s who did not send their children to school were fined ½ to 2 realest.  Education during the Spanish period was not co-educational.  The first college for boys: College of Manila founded by the Jesuits in 1589. renamed: College of San Ignacio and later- university in 1621. it was closed down in the 18th century with the expulsion of the Jesuits.
  16. 16.   First college for the girls: Collegio de Santa Potenciana which was established in 1589. It was merged in 1866with another school, College of Santa Isabel.  University Education was introduced during the early part of the 17th century.  Collegio de San Ignacio was turned into university in 1621.
  17. 17.   University of Santo Tomas was the second university and the oldest existing university at present. Founded in 1611 by Fr. Miguel de Benavidez, a Dominican priest.  Spanish Colonization education was in the hands of catholic church  In 1863, a royal decree provided for the establishment of public school system. The law called for the organization of two public primary schools in every town, one for boys, and one for girls.
  18. 18.   A normal school was opened in Manila in 1865 and was run by the Jesuits.  1n 1871, another normal school for women was put up in Nueva Caceres.
  19. 19. SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION   Conversion of the Filipinos to Catholicism  Considered as the greatest legacy of Spain to the Philippines was Catholicism.  Missionaries that propagated the Catholic faith Augustinians (1565) Franciscans (1577) Jesuits (1581) Dominicans (1587) and Recollects (1606)  Beginnings of a Feudalistic Society  Philippine Society became feudalistic as a consequence of the imposition of the ten Encomienda system by the Spanish Colonizer.  Doctrine of Limpieza de Sangre or Purity of Blood (Peninsulares or Spaniards- born in Spain; Insulares or Spaniards- born in the Philippines)  Principalia or the ruling class of native elite0 gobernadorcillo, Cabeza de Barangay, land owners, merchants, and wealthy families.
  20. 20.   Hispanization of Filipino Surnames  By virtue of the Gubernatorial Decree of 1849 Governor- General Narciso Claveria ordered all Filipino Families to adopt Spanish surnames  Metamorphosis of Bahay Kubo into Bahay na Bato.  Spain introduce the use of stone in building construction  Bahay kubo was transformed into Bahay na bato with a wide azotea or balcony
  21. 21.   Indigenization of Spanish and Chinese Cuisine  Spanish dishes- adobo, menudo, mechado, and puchero.  Chinese Noodles- Pansit malabon, and Pansit Luglog.  Change in the Filipino Mode of Dressing  Men started wearing Western coat and trousers or Americana which replaced their traditional Jacket and Bahag.  Women started using Saya and Camisa, replacing their traditional sarong  They also learned to use Manton de Manila or Shawls and Handkerchiefs.  Men and women started wearing slippers and shoes instead of going around barefooted.
  22. 22.   Introduction of the Spanish Language  Spanish colonizers introduced the Spanish language but did not deliberately propagate it to the natives.  Only wealthy Filipinos learned the language.  None the less, a number of words in our language today are of Spanish origin like naranja, silla, mesa, maestro, sibuyas, pader, padre, and eskwela.
  23. 23.   Celebration of Religious Feasts Honoring Patron Saints  A consequence of their conversion into Catholicism, the Filipinos adopted the celebration of the Fiesta or Religious Feast in honor of the patron saint of a town.  Town’s Patron Saint is celebrated extravagantly as it is an occasion where in families have to prepare foods and delicacies to be served to friends and relatives.
  24. 24. ROLE OF WOMEN DURING THE SPANISH PERIOD   Judy Ann Ngolwot.pptx
  25. 25. CULTURE TRANSFORMATION 
  26. 26. STRUCTURE OF THE SPANISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT 
  27. 27. RULE OF THE SPANISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT 
  28. 28. GOVERNMENT SET- UP   maricel spanish.pptx
  29. 29. EXECUTIVE BRANCH 
  30. 30. ADMINISTRATION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT   CHESTER PH.pptx
  31. 31. THREATS TO SPANISH COLONIZATION 
  32. 32. PORTUGUESE WARS 
  33. 33. WARS WITH THE DUTCH 
  34. 34. CHINESE INVASION OF THE PHILIPPINES 
  35. 35. BRITISH INVASION OF THE PHILIPPINES   During 18th century, a Keen struggle for power developed between England and France. (lasted for 7 years(1756- 1763))  Spain allied with Force, monarchs of the two centuries belonged to the same family, Bourbon dynasty.  On January 2, 1762, England declared war on Spain and ordered its forces on India to the Philippines.
  36. 36.   September 22, 1762, British fleet 13 warship with 6, 830 war at Manila Bay. Under the command of Admiral Samuel Cornish and Great William Draper.  Spaniards in the Philippines were unaware of the war between the war on Spain and England.  British demanded Manila to surrender. -Archbishop Manuel Antonio Pojo (Governor General refused) -Archbishop Pojo surrendered October 5, 1762
  37. 37.   Simon de Ando escaped during the war, he organized an army to fight against the British.  The war ended on February 10, 1763, by the Treaty of Paris.  May 31, 1764, Anda entered the city of Manila to Cheers of the Manileňos.
  38. 38. EFFECTS OF BRITISH INVASION   Many countries considered trading with the Philippines.  Many Filipinos doubt Spanish superiority (began to lose their fear and respects towards the Spaniards).  Some Filipinos took advantage (rose up revolts). example: Diego Silang Juan dela Cruz Polaris
  39. 39. JAPANESE THREAT   Some Japanese were also living in the Philippines during the early days of Spanish rules.  They were not subjected to any discrimination because they were proud and courageous.
  40. 40. Dilao and San Miguel : the two settlements in Manila that they established.  1st revolt in 1606: caused by the deportation of some Japanese by the Royal Audencia  2nd revolt: brought by the arbitrary order of the Spaniards forming all Japanese to work in the suburbs of Manila.  *because of these 2 revolts, the entry of Japanese immigrants stopped and their population decreased.
  41. 41. EFFECTS OF FOREIGN INVASION SPANISH COLONIZATION   The Spaniards were threatened by foreign invasions and the presence of the Chinese and Japanese.  The British were the only foreign power who succeeded in capturing Manila.  The Knowledge gave Courage to many Filipinos that the Spaniards could also be defeated.  Diego Silang Revolt (1762- 1763)  Dagohoy Revolt (1744- 1828)  Palaris Revolt (1762- 1763)
  42. 42.   Silang Revolt  led by the couple of Diego Silang and Gabriela Silang. Unlike the other revolts, this revolt took place during the British invasion of Manila. On December 14, 1762, Diego Silang declared the independence of Ilocandia, naming the state "Free Ilocos" and proclaimed Vigan the capital of this newly independent state.
  43. 43.   This revolt is unique since it is the only revolt completely related to matters of religious customs  also led to the establishment of a free Boholano government  longest revolt ever held in Philippine history: 85 years

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