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New plants, animals, and industries to our country.
Common place now are :
added to the meager stock of animals owned by Filipino
Filipinos learned new industries such as tile making,
soap and wine making, quarrying adobe stones,
raising cattle, weaving hats, extracting dyes such as
indigo from tropical plants and printing and binding
New techniques in farming, fishing, and weaving,
mining, metal work were also introduced to increase
The manufacture of hem, sugar, coconut, and
tobacco was developed during the Spanish period.
The Spanish concerns in the Philippines not only
centered on the propagandation of the Christian
faith and strengthening their political power, also
achieving economic development for the country.
The laws of the indies and the ordinance of good
government contained provisions outlining
programs for agriculture trade and industries
The Manila- Acapulco trade, known as the Galleon
trade. Established to encourage trade.
GOVERNOR- GENERAL BASCO
AND HIS ECONOMIC REFORMS
The initiative of Governor Jose Basco Economic
Society of friend of the country
Tobacco monopoly of the royal company of the
Philippines were organized. In 1834 the Philippines
opened its ports to world trade
OPENING OF MANILA TO
Spanish Foreign trade policies were restrictive in
nature. It did not allow its colonies like the
Philippines, to trade directly with foreign countries,
this right was reserved for the Spaniards.
This policy changed when Adam Smith, idea of
Laissez- faire in business became acceptable in
Economic development during the 19th century was
further aided by the construction of roads and
bridges and the introduction of new means of
Many roads and bridges were constructed during
the administration of Governor- General Pascual
Development of Banking Institutions.pptx
The earliest schools in the Philippines were in compliance
with Charles V’s decree of July 17, 1550.
Spanish missionaries in the Philippines used children in
the belief that they would learn our alphabet, language,
Christian doctrine and customs, policies and transmit
them in the towns afterwards.
The society of Jesus, as the teaching order- specifically
believed that their hope of a “brilliant” Christianity came
Collegio de Niňos was founded in 1596.
Parochial Schools, another et of schools established in the
First parochial school opened in Cebu in 1565 by
The Missionaries also founded the first school and
colleges in the country- they introduced the Latin
alphabet and taught the Spanish language
Educational Decree of 1863, simultaneous with the
establishment of men’s schools, one for boys and another
for girls- aged from 6 to 14 years old.
Subject taught were the three P’s Christian doctrine
taught by the parish priest.
Pupils were forbidden to speak their own dialects.
Girls studied sewing lieu of agriculture, as well as
geography and Spanish history.
Parent’s who did not send their children to school were
fined ½ to 2 realest.
Education during the Spanish period was not co-educational.
The first college for boys: College of Manila founded by
the Jesuits in 1589. renamed: College of San Ignacio and
later- university in 1621. it was closed down in the 18th
century with the expulsion of the Jesuits.
First college for the girls: Collegio de Santa
Potenciana which was established in 1589. It was
merged in 1866with another school, College of Santa
University Education was introduced during the
early part of the 17th century.
Collegio de San Ignacio was turned into university in
University of Santo Tomas was the second university and
the oldest existing university at present. Founded in 1611
by Fr. Miguel de Benavidez, a Dominican priest.
Spanish Colonization education was in the hands of
In 1863, a royal decree provided for the establishment of
public school system. The law called for the organization
of two public primary schools in every town, one for
boys, and one for girls.
A normal school was opened in Manila in 1865 and
was run by the Jesuits.
1n 1871, another normal school for women was put
up in Nueva Caceres.
Conversion of the Filipinos to Catholicism
Considered as the greatest legacy of Spain to the
Philippines was Catholicism.
Missionaries that propagated the Catholic faith
Augustinians (1565) Franciscans (1577) Jesuits (1581)
Dominicans (1587) and Recollects (1606)
Beginnings of a Feudalistic Society
Philippine Society became feudalistic as a consequence of
the imposition of the ten Encomienda system by the
Doctrine of Limpieza de Sangre or Purity of Blood
(Peninsulares or Spaniards- born in Spain; Insulares or
Spaniards- born in the Philippines)
Principalia or the ruling class of native elite0
gobernadorcillo, Cabeza de Barangay, land owners,
merchants, and wealthy families.
Hispanization of Filipino Surnames
By virtue of the Gubernatorial Decree of 1849 Governor-
General Narciso Claveria ordered all Filipino Families to
adopt Spanish surnames
Metamorphosis of Bahay Kubo into Bahay na Bato.
Spain introduce the use of stone in building
Bahay kubo was transformed into Bahay na bato with a
wide azotea or balcony
Indigenization of Spanish and Chinese Cuisine
Spanish dishes- adobo, menudo, mechado, and puchero.
Chinese Noodles- Pansit malabon, and Pansit Luglog.
Change in the Filipino Mode of Dressing
Men started wearing Western coat and trousers or
Americana which replaced their traditional Jacket and
Women started using Saya and Camisa, replacing their
They also learned to use Manton de Manila or Shawls
Men and women started wearing slippers and shoes
instead of going around barefooted.
Introduction of the Spanish Language
Spanish colonizers introduced the Spanish language but
did not deliberately propagate it to the natives.
Only wealthy Filipinos learned the language.
None the less, a number of words in our language today
are of Spanish origin like naranja, silla, mesa, maestro,
sibuyas, pader, padre, and eskwela.
Celebration of Religious Feasts Honoring Patron
A consequence of their conversion into Catholicism, the
Filipinos adopted the celebration of the Fiesta or
Religious Feast in honor of the patron saint of a town.
Town’s Patron Saint is celebrated extravagantly as it is
an occasion where in families have to prepare foods and
delicacies to be served to friends and relatives.
ROLE OF WOMEN DURING
THE SPANISH PERIOD
Judy Ann Ngolwot.pptx
BRITISH INVASION OF THE
During 18th century, a Keen struggle for power
developed between England and France. (lasted for 7
Spain allied with Force, monarchs of the two
centuries belonged to the same family, Bourbon
On January 2, 1762, England declared war on Spain
and ordered its forces on India to the Philippines.
September 22, 1762, British fleet 13 warship with 6, 830
war at Manila Bay. Under the command of Admiral
Samuel Cornish and Great William Draper.
Spaniards in the Philippines were unaware of the war
between the war on Spain and England.
British demanded Manila to surrender.
-Archbishop Manuel Antonio Pojo (Governor General refused)
-Archbishop Pojo surrendered October 5, 1762
Simon de Ando escaped during the war, he
organized an army to fight against the British.
The war ended on February 10, 1763, by the Treaty of
May 31, 1764, Anda entered the city of Manila to
Cheers of the Manileňos.
EFFECTS OF BRITISH
Many countries considered trading with the
Many Filipinos doubt Spanish superiority (began to
lose their fear and respects towards the Spaniards).
Some Filipinos took advantage (rose up revolts).
example: Diego Silang
Juan dela Cruz Polaris
Some Japanese were also living in the Philippines
during the early days of Spanish rules.
They were not subjected to any discrimination
because they were proud and courageous.
Dilao and San Miguel : the two settlements in Manila
that they established.
1st revolt in 1606: caused by the deportation of some
Japanese by the Royal Audencia
2nd revolt: brought by the arbitrary order of the
Spaniards forming all Japanese to work in the
suburbs of Manila.
*because of these 2 revolts, the entry of Japanese
immigrants stopped and their population decreased.
EFFECTS OF FOREIGN INVASION
The Spaniards were threatened by foreign invasions
and the presence of the Chinese and Japanese.
The British were the only foreign power who
succeeded in capturing Manila.
The Knowledge gave Courage to many Filipinos that
the Spaniards could also be defeated.
Diego Silang Revolt (1762- 1763)
Dagohoy Revolt (1744- 1828)
Palaris Revolt (1762- 1763)
led by the couple of Diego
Silang and Gabriela Silang.
Unlike the other revolts, this
revolt took place during the
British invasion of Manila.
On December 14, 1762,
Diego Silang declared the
independence of Ilocandia,
naming the state "Free
Ilocos" and proclaimed
Vigan the capital of this
newly independent state.
This revolt is unique since it is
the only revolt completely
related to matters of religious
also led to the establishment of a
free Boholano government
longest revolt ever held in
Philippine history: 85 years