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• Province was sub divided into pueblos or towns.
Pueblos: local unit of the government
• The town was governed by the Gobernadorcillo (little
governor) simply called Captain.
• Gobernadorcillo (chief enforcer of the law and a tax
• Served for 1 one year
• Chosen by the secret balloting by a special group (12
barangay chiefs and the outgoing gobernadorcillo)
• 1847, the committee was modified. (outgoing
gobernadorcillo, 12 chosen by lot, 6 of whom were
incumbent chiefs of barangays and 6 former
gobernadorcillo or barangay chiefs )
• Election was conducted by the parish priests and
provincial governor or his representatives.
• 50 families each.
• Headed by a cabesa de barangay.
• His main duty was to collect taxes
or tributes within his jurisdiction.
During the early period of
the Spanish rule colonial
guided by the laws
contained in the Leyes de
India (laws of the Indies). It
was a compilation of royal
decrees issued by the
Spanish king for the
Governments of the
colonies of Spain.
Old Spanish laws enforced
in the country.
A decree is a rule of law
usually issued by a head
of state and issued from
time to time.
The governor-general also issued
their own executive decrees and
ordinances which had the force of
The most famous of these decrees
were the ordinances of the Good
Government which provided for
instructions or regulations for the
proper guidance of the officials in the
provinces and towns.
Spanish period, judicial power was exercised by the
Audencia Real or Royal Audencia (Supreme Court) that time.
It was not only the
highest court of appeals
for civil criminal cases.
It also performed