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Administration of local government PHILIPPINES

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Spanish Colonial Government
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Administration of local government PHILIPPINES

  1. 1. ADMINISTRATION OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  2. 2. PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT Philippines Provinces (alcadias) Alcalde Mayor Politico-military districts (corregimientos) Corregidor
  3. 3. Chief Executive Alcalde Mayor Appointed by the Governor- General Small salary Cheift Abolished judge 1844 Enforce the laws and collect taxes Engage in Trade (indulto de comercio)
  4. 4. CITY GOVERNMENT
  5. 5. 1ST CREATED CITY IN 1565 BY LEGAZPI MIGUEL LOPEZ DE LEGAZPI
  6. 6. Three city council consisted of : • Alcalde Mayor • Regidores (councilors) • Aguacivil Mayor Chieft of police
  7. 7. VILLA FERNANDINA (NOW VIGAN ILOCOS SUR)
  8. 8. NUEVA CACERES (NOW NAGA, CAMARINES SUR
  9. 9. NUEVA SEGOVIA (NOW LAL-LO, CAGAYAN)
  10. 10. AREVALO (NOW ILOILO)
  11. 11. • Province was sub divided into pueblos or towns. Pueblos: local unit of the government • The town was governed by the Gobernadorcillo (little governor) simply called Captain. • Gobernadorcillo (chief enforcer of the law and a tax collector). • Served for 1 one year • Chosen by the secret balloting by a special group (12 barangay chiefs and the outgoing gobernadorcillo) • 1847, the committee was modified. (outgoing gobernadorcillo, 12 chosen by lot, 6 of whom were incumbent chiefs of barangays and 6 former gobernadorcillo or barangay chiefs ) • Election was conducted by the parish priests and provincial governor or his representatives.
  12. 12. Towns Barangays (barrios) • 50 families each. • Headed by a cabesa de barangay. • His main duty was to collect taxes or tributes within his jurisdiction.
  13. 13. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH During the early period of the Spanish rule colonial administrations was guided by the laws contained in the Leyes de India (laws of the Indies). It was a compilation of royal decrees issued by the Spanish king for the Governments of the colonies of Spain. Old Spanish laws enforced in the country. A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state and issued from time to time.
  14. 14. The governor-general also issued their own executive decrees and ordinances which had the force of law. The most famous of these decrees were the ordinances of the Good Government which provided for instructions or regulations for the proper guidance of the officials in the provinces and towns.
  15. 15. JUDICIAL BRANCH Spanish period, judicial power was exercised by the Audencia Real or Royal Audencia (Supreme Court) that time. It was not only the highest court of appeals for civil criminal cases. It also performed executive, legislative and administrative functions.

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