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Rights of children
Rights of children
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  2. 2. (Video1)CHILDREN • CHILDREN’S RIGHT – are the human rights of children with particular attention to the rights of special protection and care afforded to minors, including their right to association with both parents, human identity as well as the basic needs for food, universal state-paid education, health care and criminal laws appropriate for the age and development of the child, equal protection of the child's civil rights, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of the child's race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, disability, color, ethnicity, or other characteristics.
  3. 3. "A child is any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.” The field of children's rights spans the fields of law, politics, religion, and morality.
  4. 4. The Plight of Children -A dangerous, difficult, or otherwise unfortunate situation AN INTERNATIONAL PROBLEM The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that each year 10.6 million children die before reaching their fifth birthday. Each day 29,000 children die (1 per 30 seconds). More than 3 million stillbirths occur annually. Four million die in the first month of life, 20% on day 1. Early causes of death include pneumonia, diarrhea, measles, malaria, malnutrition, neonatal conditions, and HIV/AIDS
  5. 5. CHILD ABUSE -is a major international problem with nearly 53,000 children murdered annually. Abuse is rooted in social, economic, and cultural factors. Violence occurs within families, in schools, communities, and extends to child care and justice institutions. The types of abuse include physical, emotional, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment (including nutritional neglect, educational neglect, physical harm due to lack of supervision and abandonment), trafficking for commercial use or child sexual exploitation (prostitution, pornography), and in some parts of the world, recruitment as suicide bombers and childhood soldiers.
  6. 6. In some impoverished areas, selling one’s child into slavery or prostitution for profit is also included. Infants and young children are at the greatest risk with abuse rates in the 0 to 5 year age group 4 times greater than for children 5 to 14 years. The extent of abuse is often obtained from death registries and varies according to income levels of countries and the region of the world. The highest rate of child abuse is noted in low income countries, particularly Africa.
  7. 7. Mistreatment of the parent as a child and domestic violence, drugs or alcohol dependency in the home doubles the risk of abuse to the children as does residing in a single parent or broken home environment. (video2) The homeless child is also a problem in developed countries, violence against children in schools and other educational and child care institutions is an ongoing problem.
  8. 8. CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE Child sexual abuse, assault, and exploitation are topics relatively hidden from the view of most of the population. Increased vulnerability to childhood sexual abuse is observed in single parent and broken homes, children in foster care, adopted children, stepchildren, children that are physically and mentally disabled, those confined in detention centers, and victims of war and conflict. The risk of sexual abuse in children is 4 times greater for those residing in low income, poverty stricken areas with public housing. Rape, molestation, exposure to pornography, and exposure to sexual acts of others are the most common forms of abuse. Instances of sexual assault include forced rape, sodomy, genital insertion of objects or instruments, and fondling. Drugs facilitate sexual violence and an increased use of promised drug availability and date rape drugs has been reported .
  9. 9. STATUS OF CHILDREN’S HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE(govt.) SOCIETY’S ROLE While many are apt to place blame on the government for not providing more care, jobs, safety, better education, and the like, the society also plays a major role in the situation we find ourselves in today, particularly when it comes to the welfare of our children. In attempting to resolve some of the problems, the public has to step-up and take some responsibility.
  10. 10. The information presented above documents that single women and their children have an increased risk of lower levels of education, a life of poverty, a poor health environment, and exposure to violence. There is an established link between poverty, health insurance access, and child health care outcomes.(video3)
  11. 11. WOMEN’s Rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide. In some places, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they may be ignored or suppressed. They differ from broader notions of human rights through claims of an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls in favor of men and boys.
  12. 12. Equal employment rights for women and men The rights of women and men to have equal pay and equal benefits for equal work. Governments Must Step Up So Women Don't Have to Step In
  13. 13. To feed their families when times are tough, women substitute more expensive foods with cheaper, less nutritious ones; spend more time in line waiting for rations; prepare things from scratch when pre-made options are too expensive; take small jobs for extra income and make do with less food, less sleep and little, if any, leisure time. It is usually women who go hungry when there is not enough food for everyone. In fact, even before the recent global food crisis hit, an estimated 7 out of 10 of the world's hungry were women and girls (2).
  14. 14. Areas of rights that were addressed in the "Declaration of Sentiments" were: -whether women had a voice in making laws that they were subject to, including whether women could vote -whether married women had any legal existence -whether women had property rights, including the right to income she herself earned -whether women could freely choose to end a marriage -whether women had custody rights over children after a divorce or separation -whether women had access to many professions, including theology, medicine and law -whether women had access to higher education -whether women had a voice in the Church, including whether - women could be ministers or in other ways publicly participate -whether moral codes (about sexual choices) were the same for women as for men
  15. 15. -the right to be educated (and a duty to educate her own children) -equal partnership between man and woman in marriage -control over family size -free speech, including to reveal the father of her children equality of children born out of marriage to those who were born within marriage, which implied an equal right of women to sexual relationships outside of marriage -whether women were considered full citizens, or were considered the equivalent of slaves or minors under the authority of husbands or fathers (video4) (video5)
  16. 16. The Plight of Youth Today We are living in the era of information and technology and the youth are exposed to the wrong kind of information because of sites like mix it and other obscene sites which are only known to most of the youth. This type of information and exposure is crippling and debilitating and adds no value or development to our youth in terms of literacy and numerically.
  17. 17. What does the youth need? Self worth and purpose – If these two aspects are not in place all the other resources will mean nothing to the youth. Many young people see themselves as unworthy and purposeless because of their socio–economic circumstances. Healthy domestic structure– A young person will find self worth in a healthy family environment and because of that they will know what their purpose in society and the country is and that is to build a healthy, loving and productive country. Motivation – Unlike the youth of the past (generation x) who had one goal in mind and that is, liberation, the youth of today (generation y) are not really motivated to mount to anything much because the challenges are not so intense. Generation Y expects Generation X to provide for them and to keep them even when they are grown up. That is why so many young people choose to stay at home and live on granny’s pension instead of getting educated/skilled and doing an honest job. Please note, this is not always the case.
  18. 18. Socio-economic upliftment and development – This is really the responsibility of Generation X seeing that we are in power and we are managing this country. Giving a minimal grant to a family means nothing if people are not educated how to budget, how to create more money and how to sustain themselves. We will continue to maintain a poverty stricken society if we continue to do this. Our youth should be taught to take ownership of ‘themselves’ by giving them tools to sustain themselves even while they are still at school. The reason why young girls have sex with adult (sometimes married men) is because of money, this should be prevented by all means. Our young men become drug dealers because they need money, nobody ever decides to become a drug dealer one day, it is because of their socio-economic situation that they end up doing that. Education – The ideal would be that education should be free of charge one day, than all children will be on the same level where education is concerned. It is sad to know that so many youths don’t attend good schools due to a lack of resources like, school uniform, school bags, writing material. Every child has the right to good education and not what most of our children are exposed to at the moment.
  19. 19. Information – Not all youth are informed of issues that are happening around them, and those who do are apathetic. The reason is, the information is not relevant to them. Information centers in communities informing youth about events, work, training, leadership programs, and political issues regarding personally will be beneficial especially if it is managed by the youth member themselves. Knowledge is power and that is what we should strive to do – Give the youth power to assist in building a stronger and informed nation. Family support – The world is big and cold, but if a young person gets the support of their family than they can face any storm and fight of any adversary. Most of the families consists of a single parent and children, other families consists of children only and than there’s the “normal” family with both parents, but it does not mean the latter is better of because we sometimes find emotionally absent parents and that can be equally damaging. In the case of family support it is also important that the church and other community groups take initiative to support these families emotionally and spiritually.
  20. 20. Spiritual Input – A family that stays together, have to pray together. This might sound irrelevant but it is as important as all the above, if a young person does not know that there is a God who cares about them, they will perceive all their disappointments as the end of the world and they will live without Hope. We are threading on dangerous ground because church has taken a back seat in so many instances that the possibility is there that it would be seen as taboo in the near future (the European churches has turned into museums). The only way to prevent this from happening is to bring church into the homes so that the family can attend church as a unit. Love – This cannot be reiterated more. We grew up in a society where the word love is only used in movies, in books and other media sources and this is misconstrued and misleading. If a young girl does not receive love from her Dad especially she will fall for the 1st guy who will end up abusing because he sees her neediness. Likewise, a young man who grows up without the love and support of a Father becomes a misfit and a manic to society.
  21. 21. Youth rights are rights that young people have due to having reached a specific age or sufficient maturity. Evolving capacities is the concept in which education, child development and youth development programs led by adults takes into account the capacities of the child or youth to exercise rights on his or her own behalf. The concept of evolving capacities is employed internationally as a direct alternative to popular concepts of child and youth development Youth rights have increased over the last century in many countries. The youth rights movement seeks to further increase youth rights, with some advocating intergenerational equity. Intergenerational equity in economic, psychological, and sociological contexts, is the concept or idea of fairness or justice in relationships between children, youth, adults and seniors, particularly in terms of treatment and interactions. It has been studied in environmental and sociological settings Youth rights are one aspect of how youth are treated in society. Other aspects include how adults see and treat youth, and how open society is to youth participation. Youth participation is the active engagement of young people throughout their own communities. It is often used as a shorthand for youth participation in any many forms, including decision-making, sports, schools and any activity where young people are not historically engage.
  22. 22. Church and Government Response There is an expression that the church is always one generation away from extinction. It’s simply because the youth of today are the leaders of tomorrow. Engage them in the service projects of the church. Teens love to feel as though they are making a difference in someone’s life. Take them on mission trips, they will be exposed to new cultures and won’t forget the adventure. Their enthusiasm and excitement as they are involved in the life and work of the church will have a positive aspect on other members, making church an even more joyful place to be. They will remember that in the future, and share those kinds of experiences with Youth are important, and are the leaders of tomorrow. So make sure you create an environment which welcomes youth, and encourage them to live a good life.(video6)(inspirational video/evangelization)
  23. 23. Ethnic groups in the Philippines The islands of the Philippines are inhabited by a number of different ethnic groups. The majority of the population is composed of ethno linguistic groups whose languages are Austronesia also known as Malayo-Polynesian in origin. Many of these groups converted to Christianity, particularly the lowland-coastal groups, and adopted many foreign elements of culture. These ethnic groups include the Cebuano, Ilocano, Pangasinense, Kapampangan, Tagalog, Bicolano, Waray, Surigaonon and Hiligaynon also called Ilonggo.
  24. 24. In Mindanao, there are indigenous groups who practice Islam. The Spanish called them Moros after the Moors (despite no resemblance or cultural ties to them apart from their religion). In some highland areas of Mindanao, there are mountain-dwelling ethnic groups collectively known as lumad. These people do not practice Islam, and maintain their animistic beliefs and traditions. The Negrito are a pre-Mongoloid people who migrated from mainland Asia and were one of the earliest human beings to settle the Philippines, around 90,000 years ago.The first known were the people of the Callao Man remains. The Negrito population are estimated to number around 46,500.Their tribal groups include the Ati, and the Aeta. Their ways of life remain mostly free from Western and Islamic influences. Scholars study them to try to understand pre-Hispanic culture. Most Filipinos are Malayo-Polynesian, another term for Austronesian. Other ethnic groups form a minority in the Philippine population. These include those of Japanese, Han Chinese, Indians, Americans, Spanish, Europeans, and other ethnic groups from other countries. Mixed-race individuals are known as Filipino mestizo.
  25. 25. The Philippine government succeeded in establishing a number of protected reservations for tribal groups. Indigenous people were expected to speak their native language, dress in their traditional tribal clothing, live in houses constructed of natural materials using traditional architectural designs and celebrate their traditional ceremonies of propitiation of spirits believed to be inhabiting their environment. They are also encouraged to re-establish their traditional authority structure in which, as in indigenous society were governed by chieftains known as Rajah and Datu. Contact between primitive and modern ethnic groups usually resulted in weakening or destroying tribal culture without assimilating the indigenous groups into modern society. It seemed doubtful that the shift of the Philippine government policy from assimilation to cultural pluralism could reverse the process. Several Filipino tribes tends to lead to the abandonment of traditional culture because land security makes it easier for tribal members to adopt the economic process of the larger society and facilitates marriage with outsiders. In the past, the Philippine government bureaus could not preserve tribes as social museum exhibits, but with the aid of various nationwide organizations, they hoped to help the people adapt to modern society without completely losing their ethnic identity.(video)