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IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter

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This talk includes advice and recommendations for improving infection control within an animal shelter, covering recommended equipment, guidelines and disinfectant portfolios as well as ideas on preventing outbreaks and reducing risks of cross infection within the shelter environment.

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IACWC 2015 - Workshop - Rick Hayman - Infection control in the animal shelter

  1. 1. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL INFECTION CONTROL IN AN ANIMAL SHELTER Rick Hayman MEDIMARK SCIENTIFIC
  2. 2. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL What is Infection Control? Infection control addresses factors related to the spread of infections Animal to animal (different species – Zoonotic) Animal to staff and from staff to animal among-staff These processes include prevention Isolation, limiting movement Cleaning and disinfection hand hygiene/hand washing, vaccination, surveillance / monitoring / investigation
  3. 3. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Animals from a variety of sources endemic disease, carrying / incubating infectious Shelter may have endemic organisms Giardia, Ringworm, etc. Animals subject to stress entering the Shelter Potential immune system impairment Increased susceptibility to disease WHERE’s THE RISK?
  4. 4. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL PHYSICAL BARRIERS ISOLATION pending CLEAR BILL OF HEALTH Animal specific equipment, food and water bowls, leads, collars, etc. Separate exercise areas OPERATIONAL BARRIERS Do not relocate or allow movement into general populous for (5-7 DAYS) vigilant in identifying disease / regularly assess Staff managing High Risk cases should not handle puppies / kittens TREATMENT AND INTERVENTION New entrants to be Veterinary examined Commence Vaccination course asap Treatments for parasitical infections Holding the Fort!
  5. 5. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL KNOW YOUR ENEMY! Parvovirus, FIP, FIV, etc. Use of Appropriate disinfectants Routine Hygiene Protocol Use of effective Equipment Personnel Cleanliness and Barrier Hygiene Outbreak Procedures DEEP CLEAN PARVO RINGWORM / KENNEL COUGH A Healthy Environment
  6. 6. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Diseases and routes of transmission: - PARVOVIRUS Infected faecal matter and vomit (haemorrhagic Diarrhoea) » Can persist in environment for weeks » Highly resistant to most disinfectants and household cleaners!! FELINE HERPES / CALICIVIRUS Cat-to-cat contact; touching noses, smelling rears, using soiled litter pans, sharing water and food bowls and even bedding FIV, FIP, FeLv, etc. KNOW THY ENEMY!!!
  7. 7. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Diseases and routes of transmission (gastro-intestinal): - SALMONELLA - OROFAECAL (Z) » Gastrointestinal spills, contaminated food, bedding and collars, etc CAMPYLOBACTER - OROFAECAL (Z) » Contaminated water / food GIARDIA - OROFAECAL (Z) » Infected faecal matter / contaminated water DISEASE THREATS Z = zoonotic
  8. 8. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Diseases and routes of transmission: - RINGWORM - SKIN CONTACT (Z) BORDETELLA BRONCHISEPTICA DISEASE THREATS Z = zoonotic
  9. 9. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Routes of Transmission OroFaecal / ingestion Food, Water, Surfaces, Grooming Inhalation Skin Contact Equipment / Device Contact Food Bowls, Leads, Collars, Toys Veterinary devices Clothing / Bedding
  10. 10. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Appropriate Disinfectants The following should be paramount when choosing a disinfectant: - A wide range of microbiological activity with supporting test evidence (Parvovirus, FIV, FCV, Herpes, etc.) Activity in DIRTY CONDITIONS Compatibility with materials (metal, rubber, plastics, cloth, etc.) Safe to Use Economic - simple dilution ratios Wide range of applications Long shelf life in diluted format
  11. 11. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Non-effective Disinfection
  12. 12. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL High Level Disinfection High level Disinfectant - Effect of disinfectant on Microbial count LogCount 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 __ __ __ __ __ Threshold 1 2 3 4 5 6 Day Pre Disinfection count Post Disinfection count
  13. 13. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL HOW, WHEN, WHERE, WHAT to clean?? Animal Change over Spot Cleaning? Food / Water Bowls, Bedding, etc. Veterinary Environment HIGH RISK / INTERMEDIATE RISK? Puppy / Kitten Block – Intake – Isolation General Population / Re-homing OUTBREAKS? Hygiene Protocols
  14. 14. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL High risk of infection or where disease may be present? PPE aprons, boiler suits, plastic and latex gloves overshoes All staff should regularly disinfect their hands Installation of Footbaths? NOT RECOMMENDED Special Precautions
  15. 15. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Rehoming Blocks - BLUE New Intake Blocks - YELLOW Booked and Long Term Block - BLUE Puppy / Kitten Block - GREEN Veterinary - RED COLOUR CODING
  16. 16. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Maintaining Cleaning Equipment Poorly maintained equipment and premises can become an infection control hot spot, if cleaning and disinfection is compromised
  17. 17. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Maintaining Cleaning Equipment USE OF WRONG COLOURS CAN ALSO TRANSFER INFECTED ORGANIC MATERIAL IN THIS EXAMPLE REHOMING TO INTAKE BLOCK? INTAKE BLOCK TO REHOMING?
  18. 18. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Barrier Hygiene
  19. 19. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL
  20. 20. TRUSTED INFECTION CONTROL Any Questions?

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