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R ESISTANCE During the Holocaust
B ARRIERS  T O   R ESISTANCE <ul><li>Superior, armed power of Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation of Jews, lack of weapons...
C OLLECTIVE  R ESPONSIBILITY In Lithuania two boys escaped a Ghetto, when they refused to return the entire Ghetto populat...
C OLLECTIVE  R ESPONSIBILITY When Meir Berliner, a Jewish prisoner at the Treblinka death camp, killed a Nazi officer, 160...
C OLLECTIVE  R ESPONSIBILITY In Yugoslavia 50-100 civilians were killed for every Nazi killed by local partisans.
C OLLECTIVE  R ESPONSIBILITY In Czech an entire village of 700 was wiped off the map because a citizen in a neighboring vi...
C OLLECTIVE  R ESPONSIBILITY How do you fight against this?
S ECRECY   AND  D ECEPTION <ul><li>Secrecy maintained to impede resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Despite rumors, many simply d...
S ECRECY   AND  D ECEPTION
T O  R ESIST  W AS ... <ul><li>To smuggle a loaf of bread </li></ul><ul><li>To teach and worship in secret </li></ul><ul><...
S PIRITUAL  R ESISTANCE <ul><li>Attempting to carry on a semblance of &quot;normal” life in the face of wretched condition...
P ARTISANS <ul><li>Irregular troops that engaged in guerilla warfare behind German lines </li></ul><ul><li>Fought and resc...
T HE  W ARSAW  G HETTO  U PRISING <ul><li>Smuggled in guns and ammunition, Homemade bombs </li></ul><ul><li>750 Jewish fig...
T HE  W ARSAW  G HETTO  U PRISING
T HE  W ARSAW  G HETTO  U PRISING
T HE  W ARSAW  G HETTO  U PRISING
T HE  W ARSAW  G HETTO  U PRISING
R ESISTANCE IN THE  C AMPS <ul><li>Secret political organizations and meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to alleviate suf...
My heart still beats inside my breast While friends depart for other worlds. Perhaps it’s better - who can say? - Than wat...
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Resistance to the Holocaust

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Resistance to the Holocaust

  1. 1. R ESISTANCE During the Holocaust
  2. 2. B ARRIERS T O R ESISTANCE <ul><li>Superior, armed power of Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation of Jews, lack of weapons </li></ul><ul><li>Broken spirit </li></ul><ul><li>“ Collective Responsibility” </li></ul><ul><li>Secrecy and deception </li></ul>
  3. 3. C OLLECTIVE R ESPONSIBILITY In Lithuania two boys escaped a Ghetto, when they refused to return the entire Ghetto population was killed.
  4. 4. C OLLECTIVE R ESPONSIBILITY When Meir Berliner, a Jewish prisoner at the Treblinka death camp, killed a Nazi officer, 160 Jews were executed.
  5. 5. C OLLECTIVE R ESPONSIBILITY In Yugoslavia 50-100 civilians were killed for every Nazi killed by local partisans.
  6. 6. C OLLECTIVE R ESPONSIBILITY In Czech an entire village of 700 was wiped off the map because a citizen in a neighboring village assassinated a Nazi officer.
  7. 7. C OLLECTIVE R ESPONSIBILITY How do you fight against this?
  8. 8. S ECRECY AND D ECEPTION <ul><li>Secrecy maintained to impede resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Despite rumors, many simply did not believe </li></ul><ul><li>Jews usually told to pack belongings - thus reinforcing the idea they were being “resettled” </li></ul><ul><li>Many at Auschwitz were forced to write postcards before being gassed, “Arrived safely. I am well.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. S ECRECY AND D ECEPTION
  10. 10. T O R ESIST W AS ... <ul><li>To smuggle a loaf of bread </li></ul><ul><li>To teach and worship in secret </li></ul><ul><li>To forge documents </li></ul><ul><li>To smuggle people across borders </li></ul><ul><li>To chronicle events and conceal the records </li></ul><ul><li>To hold out a helping hand to the needy </li></ul><ul><li>To contact those under siege and smuggle weapons </li></ul><ul><li>To fight with weapons in streets, mountains, and forests </li></ul><ul><li>To rebel in death camps </li></ul><ul><li>To rise up in ghettos, among the crumbling walls, in the most desperate revolt </li></ul>
  11. 11. S PIRITUAL R ESISTANCE <ul><li>Attempting to carry on a semblance of &quot;normal” life in the face of wretched conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Schools set up </li></ul><ul><li>The observance of many Jewish rituals, including dietary laws - these were severely punishable by Nazis </li></ul><ul><li>Held musical and dramatic performances </li></ul><ul><li>Secret newspapers used to keep Jews informed and to encourage hope </li></ul>
  12. 12. P ARTISANS <ul><li>Irregular troops that engaged in guerilla warfare behind German lines </li></ul><ul><li>Fought and rescued other Jews from forests around camps and ghettos </li></ul>
  13. 13. T HE W ARSAW G HETTO U PRISING <ul><li>Smuggled in guns and ammunition, Homemade bombs </li></ul><ul><li>750 Jewish fighters held off 3000 crack German troops for 28 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually Ghetto was completely destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Turning point in Jewish history - inspired many others to resist. </li></ul>
  14. 14. T HE W ARSAW G HETTO U PRISING
  15. 15. T HE W ARSAW G HETTO U PRISING
  16. 16. T HE W ARSAW G HETTO U PRISING
  17. 17. T HE W ARSAW G HETTO U PRISING
  18. 18. R ESISTANCE IN THE C AMPS <ul><li>Secret political organizations and meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to alleviate suffering of camp inmates </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to inform the outside world about camps </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely a violent act was performed </li></ul><ul><li>Rosa Robota helped smuggle gun powder to blow up a crematorian in Auschwitz </li></ul>
  19. 19. My heart still beats inside my breast While friends depart for other worlds. Perhaps it’s better - who can say? - Than watching this, to die today No, no my God we want to live! Not watch our numbers melt away. We want to have a better world. We want to work - we must not die! Eva Pikova, a 12 year old from the Vilna Ghetto. Fate unknown.

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