Rome Han Comparison


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  • The Grand Canal was constructed during the Sui Dynasty not the Han.
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Rome Han Comparison

  1. 1. Roman Empire and Han Dynasty A Short Comparison AP World History
  2. 2. Roman Empire
  3. 3. Han Dynasty
  4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>Han China </li></ul><ul><li>Well organized bureaucracy based upon Confucian ideas and education </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Well organized bureaucracy founded on Roman law and classical learning </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics <ul><li>Han Imperial Universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Xi’an a university of Confucian study was founded. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An exam was created to evaluate anyone who felt knowledgeable enough to take it and become a bureaucrat. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, only the wealthy had time to study enough. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roman Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founded on Greek Principles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted strong, healthy, religious and responsible citizen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A free slave opened the first private school in ancient Rome. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics <ul><li>Han China </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Family ancestors: patriarchical </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on landed gentry </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering accomplishments: roads, canals, the Great Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on family: pater familias </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on patricians </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering accomplishments: roads, aqueducts, amphitheatres, domes, sewage systems, central heating </li></ul>
  7. 7. Characteristics <ul><li>Grand Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Roads </li></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristics <ul><li>Great Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Aqueduct </li></ul>
  9. 9. Characteristics <ul><li>Han China </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Confucianism, Daoism, native gods, intro to Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Emperor as god, paganism, intro to Christianity </li></ul>Both Buddhism and Christianity are considered new superseding religions that reformed and surpassed a former religion with historical ties.
  10. 10. Decline of Han Dynasty <ul><li>Infighting among ruling elites </li></ul><ul><li>Inequitable distribution of land - tax burden fell on peasants rather than on large landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Series of peasant rebellions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow Turban Rebellion: Wore yellow scarves on heads, Taoists angry with landowning elite. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generals usurp political power - become warlords </li></ul>
  11. 11. Decline of Han Dynasty <ul><li>220 CE generals divide empire into three kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Emigration of nomadic peoples into N. China kept country disunited </li></ul>
  12. 12. Decline of Roman Empire <ul><li>Internal opposition - barrack emperors </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties in administering vast empire creates rivalries and divisions of authority </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern and Western Empire - capital moved to Constantinople </li></ul>
  13. 13. Decline of Roman Empire <ul><li>Germanic invasions by Vandals, Ostrogoths, and Visigoths </li></ul><ul><li>476 Odacer deposes final Western Roman Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Roman Empire becomes Byzantine Empire - lasts another 1000 years </li></ul>
  14. 14. Shared Characteristics <ul><li>Decline in Morals and Values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in those values that have upheld this particular society together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Health and Urban Decay </li></ul><ul><li>Political Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment and Inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Inferior technology </li></ul><ul><li>Military Spending </li></ul>