Warsaw ghettos


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Warsaw ghettos

  1. 1. Warsaw Ghettos<br />By: Olivia Miller and Vanessa McElroy<br /> Warsaw Ghettos<br />
  2. 2. Warsaw <br />Poland’s capitol<br />Europe's largest community of Jewish people<br />Second largest Jewish community in the world by 20th century<br />With a population of 1.3 million, 29% were Jewish<br />
  3. 3. Germany Invades Poland<br />Germany attacks and surrounds Warsaw from all sides<br />Warsaw stands against German force for 3 weeks<br />Air attacks caused much damage and loss of life<br />
  4. 4. New Jewish Laws in Warsaw<br />Men and women 10+ years old had to wear an armband with a blue star of David on it<br />No radios<br />Jewish shops had to be identified<br />Prohibited train transportation<br />Had to have special permit in order to buy or lease enterprise from Jews<br />Jews had to put money in a “blocked back account”<br />Couldn’t receive more than 250 zloties ($83.20) per week from bank account<br />Most of their economic activity was controlled<br />
  5. 5. Jews in Warsaw<br />Rise in gang violence against Jews<br />Jews were attacked and mugged<br />No interference from those who witnessed Jews being robbed on street<br />
  6. 6. Warsaw Ghettos<br />On October 12, 1940, Jews were notified about the ghettos they were supposed to move into<br />138,000 Jews took the homes of 113,000 Poles<br />Jewish ghetto was cut off by a high constructed wall<br />Construction was done by the firm Schmidt & Münstermann<br />Nazis did not call this area a ghetto, but instead JüdischerWohnbezirk, which means Jewish Quarter<br />
  7. 7. Living Situations<br />Started off not so bad but got increasingly worse<br />29% of Warsaw living in 3 mile area, which is 2.4% of the city area<br />Rationed 200 calories per day<br />Often bribed guards to smuggle in food<br />
  8. 8. Deaths<br />Were not put into gas chambers like the concentration camps<br />From starvation, typhoid, poor sanitary conditions<br />Around 6,000 people/month<br />
  9. 9. Daily Lives<br />2,454 students attended training schools in the ghetto<br />Had underground organizations<br />Smuggling was vital<br />Continued with daily prayers even though they were told not to.<br />
  10. 10. After Deaths<br />Families stripped relatives clothing<br />Sold clothing for money<br />Bodies were left naked on streets<br />Funeral carts would collect bodies between 4 and 5 AM<br />
  11. 11. After the ghettos<br />Were not dying quick enough<br />Some were sent to labor camps<br />300,000 sent to Treblinka Extermination camp<br />
  12. 12. Citations<br />Polish Zloty Exchange Rate Graph - US Dollar - Historical Exchange Rates." Exchange Rates. 25 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. <http://www.exchange-rates.org/history/PLN/USD/G>.<br />"Warsaw Ghetto." Central Page. 14 Sept. 2006. Web. 30 Mar. 2011. <http://www.deathcamps.org/occupation/warsaw ghetto.html>.<br />Warsawlife.com. "Warsaw Ghetto | Warsaw Life." Warsaw Life | Warsaw Travel Guide | Restaurants Shops Pubs and Apartments Warsaw Hotels | Poland. 2011. Web. 03 Apr. 2011. <http://www.warsaw-life.com/poland/warsaw-ghetto>.<br />