Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Classical India AP World History
The Indian Subcontinent <ul><ul><li>India has three topographical zones: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northern mountaino...
Social System Origins <ul><ul><li>Aryan migrants create social order * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hereditary, defines soci...
Four  Varnas <ul><ul><li>Brahmans / Priests - intellectual and spiritual leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kshatriya / Wa...
Characteristics <ul><ul><li>Caste defined occupation, diet, social interactions, style of dress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Connections to Hinduism <ul><ul><li>Indian leaders believed it to supernaturally ordained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahm...
Questions <ul><ul><li>By implementing the caste system, what was accomplished? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How important is...
Historical Patterns in India <ul><ul><li>Culture: Caste system / Hinduism preserves social system across history </li></ul...
Mauryan Empire <ul><ul><li>324 BCE - 184 BCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early outside influences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
Ashoka <ul><ul><li>Conquered most of sub-continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged trade, expanded agriculture, buil...
Ashoka <ul><ul><li>Converted to Buddhism - spreads it around India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Rock and Pillar Edicts ...
Gupta Empire <ul><ul><li>After Ashoka - political fragmentation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered Golden Age of India...
Hindu Revival - Gupta <ul><ul><li>Decline of Mauryan Empire = decline of Buddhism in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brah...
Hindu Revival - Gupta <ul><ul><li>Supported Hinduism - restored Brahmans in gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive bui...
Questions <ul><ul><li>Why do you think modern day India has such a difficult time eliminating the caste system to day? </l...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Classical India

7,200 views

Published on

An overview of classical India

Published in: Education, Travel
  • Be the first to comment

Classical India

  1. 1. Classical India AP World History
  2. 2. The Indian Subcontinent <ul><ul><li>India has three topographical zones: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northern mountainous zone </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indus and Ganges Basins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The peninsula - divided into another four sub-regions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think was the political impact of this geography diversity? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Social System Origins <ul><ul><li>Aryan migrants create social order * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hereditary, defines societal roles, occupation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Varna = “color” - racial differences, castes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based upon idea that people are different, should have different roles </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Four Varnas <ul><ul><li>Brahmans / Priests - intellectual and spiritual leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kshatriya / Warriors and aristocrats - protectors of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaishyas / Merchants, farmers, artisans - skilled producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shundras / unskilled labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Untouchables - outside of caste system </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics <ul><ul><li>Caste defined occupation, diet, social interactions, style of dress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shundras, untouchables excluded - could not read/hear Vedas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duty of monarch to maintain system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of individualism </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Connections to Hinduism <ul><ul><li>Indian leaders believed it to supernaturally ordained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmans spiritual leaders of India, advised kings, emperors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upward social mobility only through reincarnation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collected karma influences next life </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Questions <ul><ul><li>By implementing the caste system, what was accomplished? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How important is its connection to Hinduism? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is this similar to China? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you apply the caste system to high school? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Historical Patterns in India <ul><ul><li>Culture: Caste system / Hinduism preserves social system across history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics: Trade becomes a constant - part of Silk Roads, Indian Ocean Network, and more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics: India goes eras of invasion and conquest by foreigners, large empires then falls into regional kingdoms  </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Mauryan Empire <ul><ul><li>324 BCE - 184 BCE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early outside influences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Achaemenid province in N. India (520 BCE) - brought gov't style </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Invades in 327 BCE - destroyed all regional kingdomsm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Magahad expands under Chandragupta ( video clip ) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Ashoka <ul><ul><li>Conquered most of sub-continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged trade, expanded agriculture, built roads </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Ashoka <ul><ul><li>Converted to Buddhism - spreads it around India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Rock and Pillar Edicts to proclaim positive messages ( video clip )  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gupta declines after his death </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Gupta Empire <ul><ul><li>After Ashoka - political fragmentation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Considered Golden Age of India - advances in math and astronomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralized government (contrast to Mauryan, like Persia) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Hindu Revival - Gupta <ul><ul><li>Decline of Mauryan Empire = decline of Buddhism in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmans make it more appealing to common people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stressed importance of personal worship, devotion to individual gods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karma acquired by completion of caste duties / obligations </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Hindu Revival - Gupta <ul><ul><li>Supported Hinduism - restored Brahmans in gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive building of temples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caste system reasserted / solidified into Indian culture - more rigid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded with new Jatis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further restrictions put on Untouchables </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Questions <ul><ul><li>Why do you think modern day India has such a difficult time eliminating the caste system to day? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Hindu scholars argue that the caste system actually contradicts Hinduism, what is your reaction? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the end, what single factor allowed Hinduism to flourish and Buddhism decline? </li></ul></ul>

×