The War in the Pacific 1941-1945
 
The Players <ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li...
Background <ul><li>Japanese imperial expansion begins in 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Need for oil and other natural resources <...
Dec 1941 <ul><li>Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 th </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 8 th  Japan invades US held territory of the Philip...
 
Early 1942 <ul><li>Japan invades various other Pacific Islands </li></ul><ul><li>US garrison in the Philippines surrenders...
 
 
US Strategy <ul><li>Reclaim the Pacific:  </li></ul><ul><li>Island hoping Campaign : one island at a time, clear it and us...
 
 
 
Japanese Strategy <ul><li>Make the war so horrible the US will give up </li></ul><ul><li>They dug into tropical islands, b...
 
Early 1942: The US strikes back <ul><li>Doolittle raid </li></ul><ul><li>May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea, first ever carrier...
 
 
Midway June 4, 1942 <ul><li>US lost one of four carriers </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese lost four irreplaceable aircraft carri...
The first step: Guadalcanal <ul><li>Invaded by the US Navy and Marines </li></ul><ul><li>August 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Too...
 
A list of “D-Days” <ul><li>Nov 1943 Bouganville  </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1943 “ Bloody” Tarawa  </li></ul><ul><li>June 1944 ...
 
Soldier’s Lives <ul><li>HARSH </li></ul><ul><li>Subtropical diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Humid, sticky, and always hot. </li...
 
 
 
 
 
A most famous Photo <ul><li>Taken on Iwo Jima </li></ul><ul><li>February 23, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>On March 16, when Iwo ...
Japan’s desperation <ul><li>Oct 1944 U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf faced their first Kamikaze attacks </li></ul><ul><li>2,25...
 
 
 
Planning for the end <ul><li>May 1945 Allied forces plan Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan itself in Nov. </li></ul...
“Little Boy” and “Fat Man” are unleashed <ul><li>August 6, 1945- Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><li>August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki </l...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                     
VJ Day <ul><li>August 14, 1945 - Japanese accepts unconditional surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration parties erupt thro...
 
 
 
The End <ul><li>September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier...
 
 
<ul><li>The most destructive conflict in human or world history ends. </li></ul><ul><li>The world is forever changed. </li...
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The War In The Pacific

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The War In The Pacific

  1. 1. The War in the Pacific 1941-1945
  2. 3. The Players <ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul>
  3. 4. Background <ul><li>Japanese imperial expansion begins in 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Need for oil and other natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Attacks the US at Pearl Harbor crippling the US pacific fleet Dec 7th 1941 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Dec 1941 <ul><li>Attack on Pearl Harbor Dec 7 th </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 8 th Japan invades US held territory of the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>The US has only one hope: the aircraft carrier (3 survived Pearl Harbor) </li></ul>
  5. 7. Early 1942 <ul><li>Japan invades various other Pacific Islands </li></ul><ul><li>US garrison in the Philippines surrenders to Japanese forces in April 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Bataan Death March: </li></ul><ul><li>60 miles </li></ul><ul><li>76,000 POW </li></ul><ul><li>12,000 are Americans </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 die in a week </li></ul>
  6. 10. US Strategy <ul><li>Reclaim the Pacific: </li></ul><ul><li>Island hoping Campaign : one island at a time, clear it and use it as a base of operations for the next island. </li></ul><ul><li>Must clear the oceans of the Japanese Navy first! </li></ul><ul><li>(Large challenge with a crippled Navy and only 5 Aircraft carriers!) </li></ul>
  7. 14. Japanese Strategy <ul><li>Make the war so horrible the US will give up </li></ul><ul><li>They dug into tropical islands, built underground bunkers and fortresses. </li></ul><ul><li>heavy artillery, suicide attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Bleed the enemy dry , Japanese rarely surrender but die to the last man! </li></ul>
  8. 16. Early 1942: The US strikes back <ul><li>Doolittle raid </li></ul><ul><li>May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea, first ever carrier vs. carrier battle- US looses an Aircraft carrier </li></ul><ul><li>TURNING POINT: </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Midway June 1942 </li></ul>
  9. 19. Midway June 4, 1942 <ul><li>US lost one of four carriers </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese lost four irreplaceable aircraft carriers in five minutes! </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese would be on the defensive for the rest of the war. </li></ul>
  10. 20. The first step: Guadalcanal <ul><li>Invaded by the US Navy and Marines </li></ul><ul><li>August 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Took the Marines 6 months to take the island from Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Allies lost 1,492 killed </li></ul><ul><li>Japan Lost 15,000 </li></ul>
  11. 22. A list of “D-Days” <ul><li>Nov 1943 Bouganville </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1943 “ Bloody” Tarawa </li></ul><ul><li>June 1944 Siapan </li></ul><ul><li>July 1944 Guam and Tinian </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1944 Allies invade the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1945 Iwo Jima </li></ul><ul><li>April 1945 Okinawa (falls in June) </li></ul>
  12. 24. Soldier’s Lives <ul><li>HARSH </li></ul><ul><li>Subtropical diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Humid, sticky, and always hot. </li></ul><ul><li>Average age was 19 </li></ul><ul><li>Death was around every corner. </li></ul>
  13. 30. A most famous Photo <ul><li>Taken on Iwo Jima </li></ul><ul><li>February 23, 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>On March 16, when Iwo Jima was declared secured, 6,821 Americans and 21,000 Japanese (the entire force) had died </li></ul>
  14. 31. Japan’s desperation <ul><li>Oct 1944 U.S. warships in Leyte Gulf faced their first Kamikaze attacks </li></ul><ul><li>2,257 Japanese aircraft were destroyed in these suicide missions during the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Kamikaze: Devine Wind </li></ul>
  15. 35. Planning for the end <ul><li>May 1945 Allied forces plan Operation Olympic, the invasion of Japan itself in Nov. </li></ul><ul><li>US planners feared casualty estimates of one million! </li></ul><ul><li>Japan was desperate but unwilling to surrender! </li></ul>
  16. 36. “Little Boy” and “Fat Man” are unleashed <ul><li>August 6, 1945- Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><li>August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><li>killed an estimated 110,000 Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>injured another 130,000. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1950, another 230,000 Japanese had died from injuries or radiation. </li></ul>
  17. 48.                                                                                                                      
  18. 49. VJ Day <ul><li>August 14, 1945 - Japanese accepts unconditional surrender </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration parties erupt throughout every allied country! </li></ul>
  19. 53. The End <ul><li>September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead. </li></ul>
  20. 56. <ul><li>The most destructive conflict in human or world history ends. </li></ul><ul><li>The world is forever changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions have died. </li></ul><ul><li>100s of cities destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Millions are homeless </li></ul><ul><li>US is a WORLD power </li></ul>

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