Collaborative Learning Rita Marriott Collaborative learning (CL) represents a significant change in the typical classroom where the teacher is at the centre of the process .
Collaborative Learning - Teachers <ul><li>In CL, teachers do not regard themselves as the experts. </li></ul><ul><li>Both teachers and students interact and combine their intellectual efforts to attempt to understand, explore and solve issues, generate ideas and create a collective product together. </li></ul>
Collaborative Learning - Students <ul><li>Students are involved in activities designed to explore course material instead of by being presented to them by the teacher. </li></ul>
Collaborative Learning - Steps <ul><li>1) to set up initial conditions (for instance, how many students will there be in each group, who will chose group members, the teacher or the students themselves; should the members of the group share the same point of view or not); 2) to over-specify the ‘collaboration’ contract with a scenario based on roles (e.g., asking students to play different roles or giving members access to different data); 3) to scaffold productive interactions by encompassing interaction rules in the medium (such as asking all members of the group to express their opinion at each stage); and 4) to monitor and regulate the interactions (by the teacher assuming the role of a ‘facilitator’ instead of a ‘tutor’. </li></ul><ul><li>Dillenbourg (1999) </li></ul>