LEARNING      OUTCOMES• To select & practice  suitable ways to maintain  a healthy cardiovascular  system
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE• The dysfunctional conditions of the  heart & blood vessels that supply  oxygen to vital organs (br...
R IS K F A C T O R S• High levels of blood cholesterol often  associated with the diet rich in  saturated fats & cholester...
Suitable Ways to Maintain a     Healthy Cardiovascular               System• Proper nutrition – Limit intake of high chole...
– Eat more fruits & vegetables – rich   in antioxidants (vit. A, C & E) – Include omega-3 fatty acids in   diet – reduce t...
EXERCISE 1.61. Cardiovascular diseases are disorders of   the …………………. and the …………….2. The narrowing of the lumen of the ...
Sub 1[1].6 form5
Sub 1[1].6 form5
Sub 1[1].6 form5
Sub 1[1].6 form5
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Sub 1[1].6 form5

  1. 1. LEARNING OUTCOMES• To select & practice suitable ways to maintain a healthy cardiovascular system
  2. 2. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE• The dysfunctional conditions of the heart & blood vessels that supply oxygen to vital organs (brain, heart). The organs & tissues will die if oxygen does not arrive.• CD is the biggest killer in Malaysia• Atherosclerosis, hypertension, thrombosis, embolism, angina, arrhythmia, heart attack, stroke
  3. 3. R IS K F A C T O R S• High levels of blood cholesterol often associated with the diet rich in saturated fats & cholesterol• Family history (genetic)• Age – older people are more at risk• Obesity• Cigarette smoking – increase the risk of atherosclerosis & thrombosis• Sedentary lifestyle – poor blood circulation
  4. 4. Suitable Ways to Maintain a Healthy Cardiovascular System• Proper nutrition – Limit intake of high cholesterol foods (fatty meat, organ meat, lard, butter, cheese, egg yolk, prawns, squids) – Limit total fat intake : reduce deep fried & oily foods – Minimise sodium intake : raise blood pressure (table salt, soy sauce, MSG) – Eat more soluble-fibre foods (oats, barley, legumes)
  5. 5. – Eat more fruits & vegetables – rich in antioxidants (vit. A, C & E) – Include omega-3 fatty acids in diet – reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases (mackerel, tuna & salmon)• Healthy lifestyle – Do not smoke : nicotine constricts blood vessels, carbon monoxide decrease the oxygen intake. – Engage in moderate exercise – Rest & relax : have sufficient sleep – Maintain a healthy weight
  6. 6. EXERCISE 1.61. Cardiovascular diseases are disorders of the …………………. and the …………….2. The narrowing of the lumen of the arteries due to gradual deposits of cholesterol and fats causes a condition known as ……………………3. List FIVE risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

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