Natural Capitalism

1,593 views

Published on

Done by Ying Ying, Zheqing, Joshua, Rina

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,593
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
35
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
40
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Natural Capitalism

  1. 1. WASTE SUSTAINABILITY MACRO MICRO INDUSTRY NATURAL <ul><li>4 STRATEGIES: </li></ul><ul><li>RADICAL RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOMIMICRY </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICE AND FLOW ECONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>INVESTING IN NATURAL CAPITAL </li></ul>LEAN THINKING GREEN & BROWN AGENDA INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS & ECO INDUSTRIAL PARK 3 EG NATURAL CAPITALISM
  2. 2. waste
  3. 3. 3 types of waste: <ul><li>Ecological rucksack </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial waste: waste resulted from production and use. </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of “ecological footprint”: the calculation of the ecological capacity required to support the consumption of products </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological footprint = total flow of energy and material of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>total land required </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. People Using more natural capital and fewer people Human resource: acknowledged but not valued Social wounds: referring to crime resulting from neglecting of people and people unable to support their family due to unemployment or underemployment. <ul><li>3. Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Referring to money spent where the buyer gets no value </li></ul><ul><li>Wastage can be resulted from a series of events </li></ul><ul><li>With this, one-half of the entire GDP is attributable to some form of waste </li></ul><ul><li>GDP not exactly reliable as it only measures the money spent but not value received. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SOCIETY ECONOMY <ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>BUILT </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL </li></ul>SUSTAINABILITY (macro-scale) <ul><li>Local community </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Housing (Public, low-cost) </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Public-Private Investments </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies, subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization and Urban Regeneration eg. managing mega-cities, </li></ul><ul><li>‘ brownfield’ sites, mixed-use development, phased development </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure (transport system and urban planning, </li></ul><ul><li>promotion of cycling, walking) </li></ul><ul><li>Closed-loop production </li></ul><ul><li>Waste and water management </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Social culture </li></ul><ul><li>Civic participation </li></ul>
  6. 6. SUSTAINABILITY (micro-scale) <ul><li>Site – Biodiversity, local community </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>- Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>- Natural ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>- Daylighting and sunshading </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>- Decentralized energy (Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system) </li></ul><ul><li>- Heating/cooling systems </li></ul><ul><li>- Harvesting renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>- PV cells, wind, geothermal, bio-diesel (e.g. sunflower seed and </li></ul><ul><li> rapeseed oil), biomass (e.g. woodchips, straw), bio-gas (methane) </li></ul><ul><li>- Water management </li></ul><ul><li> - Greywater recycling </li></ul><ul><li>- Rainwater harvesting and recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing lifespan of materials </li></ul><ul><li>- Recycling - Recycled materials </li></ul><ul><li> - Prefabrication, modular design </li></ul>
  7. 7. NATURAL CAPITALISM INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM <ul><li>GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP = CONSUMPTION + INVESTMENT + GOVT. EXPENDITURE + NET EXPORTS </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICS AND CONSUMERISM </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL PARAMETERS??? </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPITAL AS A COMMODITY </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPTIAL = </li></ul><ul><li>RESOURCES (depleted) + </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICES (e.g. flood management, CO 2 processing – compromised, biodiversity) </li></ul><ul><li>A ‘LIVING’ ECONOMY CONSISTING OF INTER-DEPENDENT SYSTEMS </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN CAPITAL (SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SYSTEM) </li></ul><ul><li>FINANCIAL CAPITAL (ECONOMIC SYSTEM) </li></ul><ul><li>MANUFACTURED CAPITAL (ECONOMIC SYSTEM) </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPITAL (NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS) </li></ul>
  8. 8. STRATEGIES <ul><li>RADICAL RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>BIOMIMICRY </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICE AND FLOW ECONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>INVESTING IN NATURAL CAPITAL </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>RADICAL RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving more with less means </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN AGENDA </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient usage of resources by reducing wastage through </li></ul><ul><li>closed-loop production and limiting over-production </li></ul><ul><li>Resource-efficient technology in lighting, heating/cooling systems </li></ul><ul><li>(Energy-efficient buildings), prefabrication, transport modes. </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable resources – energy (solar, wind, biomass, bio-diesel) </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>BROWN AGENDA </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration of ‘brownfield’ sites (e.g. Centre for Engineering & </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Excellence (CEME), Rainham, Essex) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban renewal (e.g. Kampong Bugis Development Guide Plan) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mason's Bend Community Center/ Glass Chapel Rural Studios Buddhist Monastery, Bangkok RECYCLED MATERIALS
  11. 11. MODULAR CONSTRUCTION : SHIP CONTAINERS FREITAG SHOP ZURICH PUMA CITY NOMADIC MUSEUM KEETWOON STUDENT HOUSING
  12. 12. <ul><li>Self-sufficient island powered by renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources: </li></ul><ul><li>wind (land and offshore wind turbines), </li></ul><ul><li>solar, </li></ul><ul><li>bio-diesel (rapeseed oil), </li></ul><ul><li>biomass (straw, woodchips). </li></ul>Samsø, Denmark Samsø Energy Academy
  13. 13. CENTRE FOR ENGINEERING & MANUFACTURING EXCELLENCE (CEME) RAINHAM, ESSEX Classic brownfield development - with limited commercial value in previous state (former Ford waste dumping ground), now catalyst for socio-economic regeneration of area. Investment in the project came from a public/privatepartnership including the Ford Motor Company, the London Development Agency, Barking and Havering Colleges Largest integrated photovoltaic roof array by output in UK Rainwater recycling reduces consumption of potable water Restaurant drum cladding and brise soleil constructed from a sustainable source of western red cedar Internally, the carpet is 100% recyclable Green travel plan incorporating cycle network and 24 month subsidised public transport to discourage habitual use of private vehicles. Local suppliers/contractors engaged in support of local economy and to reduce transport/ carbon emissions
  14. 14. Kampong Bugis Development Guide Plan (1989) An urban renewal plan for mixed-use developments An urban development plan for compact, high density living in response to land constraint and to reduce the need for long distance commuting via private vehicles Creation of a conducive microclimate via plantings on roof deck and building surfaces, as well and ample sun-shading to reduce heating of the urban fabric Harvesting of solar energy , rainwater collection and recycling Two-level city Decentralised energy production policy - waste heat which would have to be otherwise discharged can be recovered for district-cooling through heat absorption refrigeration. Transmission losses of remote power generation would also be saved.
  15. 15. Tyre Shop / Art Exchange – Zurich, Switzerland The new tyre fitting shop / art exchange is situated on a brownfield site adjacent to the lake of Zurich, between the railway station of Zurich-Wollishofen, a bus stop and the main access road into the centre of Zurich
  16. 16. <ul><li>BIOMIMICRY </li></ul><ul><li>Imitating biological and ecosystem processes : </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Replicating natural methods of production and engineering to </li></ul><ul><li>manufacture chemicals and materials </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Urban eco-system : </li></ul><ul><li>Communities form self-sustaining systems , which process their own wastes, </li></ul><ul><li>water and energy needs. </li></ul><ul><li>- Zero-emission industrial parks (e.g. Kalundborg Park); </li></ul><ul><li>- Eco-cities (Dongtan Eco-City, Shanghai) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Industrial symbiosis a type of eco-industrial development which is an application of the concept of industrial ecology, a relatively new field that is based on the ideology of nature, where everything gets recycled. Eco-Industrial Park an industrial park in which businesses cooperate with each other and with the local community in an attempt to reduce waste and pollution, efficiently share resources and help achieve sustainable development, with the intention of increasing economic gains and improving environmental quality
  18. 18. Kalundborg Eco-Industrial Park, Denmark
  19. 19. DONGTAN ECO-CITY, SHANGHAI (ARUP) <ul><li>A carbon-neutral, zero-waste eco-city consisting of 3 villages, with a population of around 500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of natural ecosystem at site. </li></ul><ul><li>Wetlands adjacent to Dongtan will be protected in several ways: </li></ul><ul><li>by returning agricultural land to a wetland state, </li></ul><ul><li>by creating a wide 'buffer zone' (3.5km across at its narrowest point) between the city and mudflats, </li></ul><ul><li>by building on less than 40% of the Dongtan site and </li></ul><ul><li>by preventing pollutants (light, sound, emissions and water discharges) from reaching the wetlands. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficient electricity and heat generation . </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources will include: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) the wind (via a wind farm and micro wind turbines) </li></ul><ul><li>(2) the sun (via photovoltaic cells). </li></ul><ul><li>(3) biomass (a combined heat and power plant will run on rice husks discarded by local rice mills) </li></ul><ul><li>(4) biogas (through treatment of municipal solid waste and sewage) </li></ul><ul><li>Green roofs will improve insulation and water filtration. </li></ul><ul><li>Waste management : Processed waste as nutrients for organic farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation options within the compact city will include cycling, walking, hydrogen fuel-cell buses and </li></ul><ul><li>solar-powered water taxis. The boats will use a network of canals and lakes. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) Ambient Air Quality Quality of Water from Taps Carbon Emission Per Unit GDP Proportion of Green Buildings All buildings in the Eco-city should meet green building standards. Green Transportation At least 90% of trips within the Eco-city should be in the form of green trips by 2020. Green trips refer to trips via non-motorised transport, i.e. cycling and walking, as well as trips on public transport. Barrier-Free Accessibility Proportion of Affordable Public Housing At least 20% of housing in the Eco-city will be in the form of subsidised public housing by 2013. Usage of Renewable Energy Renewable energy should account for at least 15% of the energy utilized in the Eco-city by 2020. Possible sources of renewable energy for the Eco-city include geothermal energy, hydropower and solar power. Usage of Water from Non-Traditional Sources At least 50% of the Eco-city’s water supply will be from non-traditional sources such as desalination and recycled water by 2020. Jobs to be generated in the Eco-city Sufficient jobs should be generated for at least 50% of the Eco-city’s residents within the Eco-city who are employable, to minimize the need for them to commute on a daily basis from their home to their workplace. Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city
  21. 21. Hoek Loos’ Greenhouse Project, Netherlands (2005) Recycling of CO 2 generated by an oil refinery and chemical plant into a resource for greenhouse crops e.g. tomatoes. CO 2 is delivered through a pipeline network Reduction in burning of natural gas by greenhouse farmers to generate CO 2 Increased yield by farmers
  22. 22. <ul><li>3. SERVICE AND FLOW ECONOMY </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from an economy of goods and purchases to one of service </li></ul><ul><li>and flow – a service economy </li></ul><ul><li>Increases lifespan of products through greater durability and </li></ul><ul><li>servicing; focus on material cycles to reduce production and </li></ul><ul><li>wastage </li></ul><ul><li>- Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Carrier Corporation – sale of coolth to companies while retaining </li></ul><ul><li>ownership of the air-conditioning equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Agfa Gaevert – lease of copier services i.e. the hardware and </li></ul><ul><li>maintenance services </li></ul><ul><li>3. Shaw– lease of floor-covering services rather than </li></ul><ul><li>selling carpets; collection of defective carpet modules for recycling. </li></ul>
  23. 24. The carpet and Rug institute Emits low volatile organic compound wood and carpet WASTE to steam ENERGY <ul><li>Taps on alt. fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Saves 2.5million gallons of oil </li></ul><ul><li>Converts ~18,000 tons of combined post industrial carpet waste and wood flour </li></ul>Reuse and recovery of water use: Continuous dyeing WASTE TO RESOURCE C2C (Carpet to Carpet process) Evergreen Nylon recycling converts post consumer nylon carpet and recycles back to its original material without the loss of any aesthetic or performance properties. Extend its services to other related products eg: Epic hardwood flooring is made up of recycled wood fiber continuous flow of value Perfections Research and Development Customer care services CUSTOMERS Demand Lean thinking gasification Recycle & reuse BUY USE REPAIR THROW DISTRIBUTION RESOURCES PRODUCT 1 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS THROW PRODUCT 2 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS
  24. 25. LANDFILL LANDFILL CLOSE LOOP BUY USE REPAIR THROW DISTRIBUTION RESOURCES PRODUCT 1 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS THROW PRODUCT 2 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS BUY USE REPAIR THROW DISTRIBUTION RESOURCES PRODUCT 1 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS THROW PRODUCT 2 MANUFACTURE ASSEMBLY PARTS
  25. 26. Lean thinking Lean thinking is a concept in streamlining industrial and manufacturing system by eliminating “ muda ” (Japanese for waste, futility or purposelesness) in each step or process with the aim of achieving “zero-waste”.
  26. 27. Four approaches of lean thinking: <ul><li>continuous flow of value </li></ul><ul><li>which is defined by the customer </li></ul><ul><li>with pull factor by the customer as & when it’s needed </li></ul><ul><li>to achieve perfection </li></ul>continuous flow of value pull factor by the customer defined by the customer perfection
  27. 28. strategies <ul><li>simplification and scale of the process or product itself. The idea is the simpler the process / product, the less waste / muda it would have. But, how to determine the right size? It depends on the rate and location of customer pull. </li></ul><ul><li>service and flow strategy . It allows the customer defined value flows continuously from the service provider to the customers. </li></ul>
  28. 29. strategies <ul><li>Service leasing is when the manufacturer acts as the service provider and retains the ownership of the products or equipments. </li></ul><ul><li>The manufacturer is responsible of the product’s life-cycle and thus, it is expected to design recyclable product to achieve “zero-waste”. </li></ul><ul><li>The product is a means to provide the service to customers and not an end objective. </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance: social status/wealth is related to private ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages : system efficiency, increased production and saving in raw materials </li></ul>
  29. 30. 4. INVESTING IN NATURAL CAPITAL <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>- Renewable energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>- Bio-degradable materials </li></ul><ul><li>Greening </li></ul><ul><li>- Reforestation </li></ul><ul><li>- Green urban policies </li></ul>
  30. 32. Solution to waste: 1. Industrial symbiosis 2. Eco-industrial park
  31. 33. Case study: Eco park, Hong Kong Location: Tuen Mun Area 38, west side of Hong Kong What is it? Similar to an industrial park for waste recycling and environmental engineering Motto: E ncourag e and promot e the reuse, recovery and recycling of our waste resources and return them to the consumption loop Tenant on the 19ha land are provided with common facilities and frequent maintance provided by Senac, the management contractor. The project obtained the highest platinum rating under HK-BEAM

×