Biomimicry

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Biomimicry

  1. 1. about BIOMIMICRY nature as model, measure and mentor
  2. 2. | BIOMIMICRY | 1.INTRODUCTION | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | AN INTRODUCTION Design inspired by nature – NOT blind imitation but inspiration for transforming the principles of nature into successful design The Calla Lily A Water Mixer
  3. 3. PHYSICAL MANIFESTATIONS
  4. 4. | BIOMIMICRY | 2.EXAMPLES OF BIOMIMICRY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 4 | GECKO TAPE Inspiration Precedence Product
  5. 5. | BIOMIMICRY | 2. EXAMPLES OF BIOMIMICRY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 5 | SHARKLET TECHNOLOGIES Textiles Surfaces Inspiration Precedence
  6. 6. | BIOMIMICRY | 2.EXAMPLES OF BIOMIMICRY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 6 | THE BULLET TRAIN Inspiration Precedence Product
  7. 7. NATURE’S ECONOMY
  8. 8. | BIOMIMICRY | 3. NATURE’S ECONOMY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 8 | NATURE’S ECONOMICS Flour Beetles Ragweed Redwood Type I Type II Type III <ul><li>Opportunistic </li></ul><ul><li>Parasitic </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to recycle waste </li></ul>- In between Different systems of give and take <ul><li>Conserve energy </li></ul><ul><li>Equilibrium </li></ul><ul><li>Do more with less </li></ul>
  9. 9. | BIOMIMICRY | 3. NATURE’S ECONOMY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 9 | NATURE’S ECONOMICS Difference between Type 1 and Type 3 Systems Good Poor Stability Important Unimportant Role of dead organic matter in regeneration Slow Fast Nutrient exchange rate between organisms and environment Good Poor Nutrient Conservation (closed-loop cycling) Developed Undeveloped Internal Symbiosis (cooperative relationships) Long, Complex Short, Simple Life Cycles Large Small Body Size High Low Species Diversity Weblike Linear Food Chain Mature Stages (Type 3) Developing Stages (Type 1) Ecosystem Attributes
  10. 10. | BIOMIMICRY | 3. NATURE’S ECONOMY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 10 | TEN COMMANDMENTS OF THE REDWOOD CLAN Organisms in a mature ecosystem: <ul><li>Use waste as a resource </li></ul><ul><li>Diversify and cooperate to fully use the habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Gather and use energy efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize rather than maximize </li></ul><ul><li>Use materials sparingly </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t foul their nests </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t draw down resources </li></ul><ul><li>Remain in balance with the biosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Run on information </li></ul><ul><li>Shop locally </li></ul>A NEW BENCHMARK OR MEASURE?
  11. 11. | BIOMIMICRY | 3. NATURE’S ECONOMY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 11 | OUR MODUS OPERANDI How will we conduct business? FROM LINEAR… Type I Extraction to Production to Consumption to Disposal
  12. 12. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. OUR MODUS OPERANDI | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 12 | OUR MODUS OPERANDI How will we conduct business? SELF-SUSTAINING Type III TO…
  13. 13. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE “ KunstHaus Wien, Vienna”
  14. 14. IMMITATION IS THE SINCEREST FORM OF FLATTERY “ Beijing National Stadium”
  15. 15. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18 th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | Bird Island Homes YTL Land’s Bird Island Green Homes Competition A Nest To Live In, Grant Associates (UK) Rafflesia by Zoka Zola (Chicago)
  16. 16. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18 th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | Council House 2 Architecture (CH2), Mick Pearce with DesignInc., 2005 Maximum Six Green Star rating
  17. 17. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18 th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ DIVERSIFY AND COOPERATE TO FULLY USE THE HABITAT” Same amount of foliage on the building as original state of site <ul><ul><li>Harvests sunlight, cool night air, water, wind and rain </li></ul></ul>Use of natural convection, thermal mass, ventilation stacks and water for cooling
  18. 18. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ USE WASTE AS RESOURCES” Sustainable timber selection Recycled structural steel Recycled structural concrete PVC minimisation
  19. 19. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ USE WASTE AS RESOURCES” Recycled Untreated from old housing frames Use waste as amenities
  20. 20. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ GATHER AND USE ENERGY EFFICIENTLY” micro-turbine (co-generation) lifts  generate power in breaking mode solar hot water produced by 48 square metres of solar hot water panels on roof, supplemented by gas boiler solar power (PV cells) : 3.5kW energy  used to power Western timber shutters Gas-fired micro-turbine Electricity Waste heat Used in A/C plant Heating hot water; cooling via absorption chiller
  21. 21. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE”
  22. 22. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE”
  23. 23. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE”
  24. 24. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | “ OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE”
  25. 25. | BIOMIMICRY | 4. BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 18th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>• 72% reduction in mains water consumption compared to the existing Council House of similar size </li></ul><ul><li>• Multi-Water Reuse (MWR) sewer mining plant </li></ul><ul><li>• Sprinkler water reclaim and rainwater collection </li></ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul><ul><li>building waste during construction was recycled (87%) </li></ul><ul><li>recycling carried through within building after operations  waste separation </li></ul>“ DON’T DRAW DOWN RESOURCES”
  26. 26. MASDAR - city as an eco-system Communities (MASDAR), Foster + Partners, 2007-2023 Carbon neutral, Zero waste community http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeuXryPNvWY&feature=related | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 16 |
  27. 27. “ USE WASTE AS RESOURCES” Human / Food waste Fertilizer use for plantation Food Source Human Closing the loop | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 17 |
  28. 28. “ OPTIMIZE RATHER THEN MAXIMIZE” Building Material (fencing) Manufacturer (recyclable plastics) After life of Masdar Manufacturer (concrete) Road Construction Doing more with less | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 18 |
  29. 29. “ DON’T FOUL THEIR NESTS” No Vehicle No power plant + = Carbon Neutral Electricity source from Green Technology | Banning of carbon main culprit (Vehicle) | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 19 |
  30. 30. “ DON’T DRAW DOWN RESOURCES” Grey water & Solid waste Crops H2O Caption Reduce 75% desalination Irrigation recovery 80% water recycled/reuse as many possible | Locally grown crops | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 20 |
  31. 31. “ SHOP LOCALLY” Within 200m reach to essential facility; including locally grown products 200m 200m 200m | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 21 |
  32. 32. POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS -City for the rich? Social equity? -Movable population bringing in waste; not recyclable? -City that’s highly dependent on electricity; adequate energy generated? -Zero carbon footprint; measurable? | BIOMIMICRY | 5.BIOMIMICRY AND ARCHITECTURE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 22 |
  33. 33. waste into RESOURCE “ a source of supply and support: an available means ”
  34. 34. | BIOMIMICRY | 6. WASTE INTO RESOURCE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 34 | FROM NATURE What do kidneys, mangrove roots and the hydrological cycle have in common? Filtration.
  35. 35. | BIOMIMICRY | 5. WASTE INTO RESOURCE | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 35 | LIFESAVER Making sterile water
  36. 36. | BIOMIMICRY | 5.WASTE INTO RESOURCE | 17 th AUGUST | PAGE - | SAWDUST/WOOD SHAVINGS Sawdust/wood shavings from cutting planks gathered and form into densed new wooden planks for furniture. Mixed in synthetic resin and laided into sheets. The sheets are then cold-pressed together and extruded to desired size. Used for furniture making. Or simply use it for horse bedding. Or as fertiliser in garden.
  37. 37. | BIOMIMICRY | 5. WASTE INTO RESOURCE | 17 th AUGUST | PAGE - | COCONUT SHELLS Large demand for performance fabrics that consists polyester or nylon(synthetic). Activated carbon from recycled coconut shells used to make socks, garments etc. Absorbs sweat and odors. Reduce the amount of cotton or synthetic materials while the coconut shells can taken from food processing factories.
  38. 38. waste into ENERGY “ the capacity to do work ”
  39. 39. TRASH = CASH? | BIOMIMICRY | 6. WASTE INTO ENERGY | 17 th AUGUST | PAGE - | Polymer Energy™ uses a process called catalytic pyrolysis to efficiently convert plastics to crude oil. 1000kg of typical plastic waste 775 litres of crude oil *Disposable shopping bags, containers for cleaners, cosmetics and cleaning products, plastic containers. *HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, PP and some PET PLASTIC
  40. 40. TRASH = CASH? Landfill gas | BIOMIMICRY | 6. WASTE INTO ENERGY | 17 th AUGUST | PAGE - | Trash at landfills contributes to harmful landfill gas. Waste from: Water treatment plants, tree branches, leaves, bio-waste. Top of landfill waste is covered with soil to prevent methane from escaping into the atmosphere. A system of pipes and blowers 25m below ground collects gas and delivers it to a central location Collected gas converted into electricity
  41. 41. Residual heat from cooking = Wasted energy? X amount of heat to cook a pot of porridge. | BIOMIMICRY | 6. WASTE INTO ENERGY | 17 th AUGUST | PAGE - | Half of X amount of heat to cook a pot of porridge. The thermos insulates and traps the remaining heat to continue cooking the food. Normal cooking convention Residual heat Cooking Pot <ul><li>The Japanese was the first to invent the thermal cooker as an energy saving pot. It saves energy because it uses trapped heat to cook food. </li></ul><ul><li>Its outer shell is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>an inner pot, usually made of stainless steel </li></ul><ul><li>an outer container with insulation, and </li></ul><ul><li>an air-tight cover </li></ul>
  42. 42. | BIOMIMICRY | 6. WASTE INTO ENERGY | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | WHALEPOWER Whale inspired, whale powered <ul><li>Low drag </li></ul><ul><li>Works in low wind conditions </li></ul>
  43. 43. waste into AMENITIES “ the quality of being pleasing or agreeable in situation, prospect, disposition ”
  44. 44. | BIOMIMICRY | 7. WASTE INTO AMENITIES | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | CISTA RAINWATER DOWNPIPE Modern rainwater harvesting made beautiful, inspired from water-retaining plants <ul><li>Stores 100 gallons of rainwater </li></ul><ul><li>Space saving </li></ul><ul><li>Increases green space </li></ul>The Moringa-Ovalifolia
  45. 45. | BIOMIMICRY | 8. CONCLUSION | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | CONCLUSION To echo, listen, steward and immerse in nature Biomimicry presents itself as a basis, a foundation of a new research methodology instead of mere serendipity. Biomimicry has to be approached in a multi-disciplinary order of thought in order to understand the principles of nature to achieve a holistic design solution.
  46. 46. | BIOMIMICRY | 8. CONCLUSION | 17th AUGUST | PAGE 2 | CONCLUSION For nature has been field-tested for millions of years through evolution

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