Forms of medication
Vagina is route for administration for
contraceptives, antifungal and anti microbial.
It is used for the achievement of local and
Vaginal medications include suppositories,
creams, gels, and ointments.
Suppositories melt when they contact the
vaginal mucosa, and their medication diffuses
topically (as effectively as creams, gels, and
Vaginal medications usually come with a
disposable applicator that enables placement of
medication in the anterior and posterior fornices.
Minimal systemic side effects.
An increase in bioavailability.
Use of less total drug than an oral dose.
First-pass metabolism can be avoided.
Self medication is possible.
Only a few drugs are administered by this route.
Variability in drug absorption related with
menstrual cycle, menopause and pregnancy, can
also limit vaginal drug delivery route usage.
Influence with sexual intercourse.
Forms of vaginal medication
Many different types of formulations have been applied
Vaginal suppositories or pessaries (globular, oviform
or cone-shaped, and weighing about 5 g each. )
Douches (aqueous solutions that are administered into
the vagina for cleansing purpose. )
(Creams, gels, sprays and foams are used as vehicles for
drugs such as anti-infective or contraceptive agents.)
To prevent damage, suppositories must be stored
Foams, jellies, and cream are administered with
an inserter or applicator.
Perineal pads may be used to collect excess
drainage after inserting a suppository.
Good aseptic technique must be followed.
Good perineal hygiene must be maintained.
The patient should be encouraged to empty her
bladder as she has to lie down for 20 minutes
The patient can either lie supine with knees up or
lateral with knees up
Always lubricate the pessary or applicator before
A clean tray containing-
Medication administration record (MAR)
Prescribed vaginal suppository or any other form of
Tissue paper/ cotton balls
Review the physician’s order, patient’s name, name and form
of vaginal medication, dosage and time.
Explain procedure to patient. If client plans to self-administer,
be very specific with instructions.
Gather necessary equipment.
Follow the rights of medication administration.
Ask the client to void.
Provide for privacy.
Don Nonsterile gloves.
Position the client in a dorsal recumbent position with knees
flexed and hips rotated laterally or in a Sims’ position.
Assess perineal area, inspect vaginal orifice, note any odor or
discharge from the vagina, and inquire about any problems
such as itching or discomfort.
If secretion or discharge is present, cleanse the
perineal area with soap and water.
Remove suppository from the foil wrapper and, if
applicable, insert into applicator tip.
Apply a small amount of lubricant to rounded tip of
If not using an applicator, apply a small amount of
lubricant to gloved index finger.
With non dominant hand, spread labial folds. Insert
the suppository into the vaginal canal at least 2 inches
(5 cm) along the posterior wall of the vagina or as far
as it will go
If using an applicator, insert as described above and
depress plunger to release suppository.
Wipe the perineum with clean, dry tissue.
Instruct the client to remain in bed for 15 minutes.
Wash applicator under cool running water to clean and
return to appropriate storage in the client’s room.
Remove gloves, turning them inside out, dispose them.
Record on the MAR the drug’s name dosage, route, and
date and time of administration; document any evidence
of discharge or odor from the vagina.
Check with the client in 15 minutes to ensure that the
suppository did not slip out and to allow the client to
verbalize any problems or concerns.
Observe for effectiveness of the medication; inspect the
condition of the vaginal canal and external genitalia