Chalmers University of Technology   Current initiatives and research networks    Björn Södahl    Research Coordinator    C...
Chalmers University of Technology Aiming for zero emissions - the ultimate goal                       Global energy       ...
Chalmers University of Technology  Fuel consumption and energy lossesDepartment of Shipping and Marine Technology         ...
Chalmers University of Technology      Energy efficiency in transportation                                                ...
Chalmers University of Technology                      Projects and initiatives - examplesProject name/status             ...
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Session 2 Björn Södahl

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Session 2 Björn Södahl

  1. 1. Chalmers University of Technology Current initiatives and research networks Björn Södahl Research Coordinator Chalmers Shipping and Marine TechnologyDepartment of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 1 Chalmers University of Technology Performance driven research & development Present situation Desired outcome Technology development Zero Emissions Lack of Incentive Prescriptive regulations Challenges & Barriers to Target areas realization for R&DDepartment of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 2
  2. 2. Chalmers University of Technology Aiming for zero emissions - the ultimate goal Global energy supply and demand Demand constant efficiency Energy efficiency Demand improved efficiency Supply CO2-neutral Renewable energy Supply CO2-emitting1900 2000 2100Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 3 Chalmers University of Technology Analyzing the overall impact of fuel sourcing -to- -to- g/kWh of LCA of fuel alternatives CO2, SOx, -to- And their impacts: NOx, Emissions/energy unit E g sludge, (E g gCO2/kWh) PM Solid waste Biodiversity? Toxicity? Resulting impacts: Social impact? Environment Health Social -to- E g OWS water, Decision support e g: scrubber water What is the preferable option, environmentally and economically using destillate fuel or HFO with scrubbing? Are there other viable options, e g: Natural gas? Biofuels?Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 4
  3. 3. Chalmers University of Technology Fuel consumption and energy lossesDepartment of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 5 Chalmers University of Technology Exploring energy conservation options Technology Operation Procedure Speed adaptions Logistics Weather routing Cargo capacity Sun, Wind, Waves Scheduling utilization Hull resistance Propulsion performance Fuel efficiency Deadweight/ displacement Improvement potential? Existing Newbuilding Technology 0 10% 30% Operation Procedures 5 12% 5 12% Logistics > 10% ? Source: DNVDepartment of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 6
  4. 4. Chalmers University of Technology Energy efficiency in transportation system levels Customer demand Transportation combinations/options Logistics Route optimization Schedule optimization A X Z Y Other transport Other transport B mode mode Port Port Including congestion Hull/propulsion aspects Concept Structure/materials Cargo handling/intermodality Navigation/manoeuvring Energy Systems Energy sources Energy transformation technologies Energy system efficiency Emission performance/treatment Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 7 Chalmers University of Technology Transportation chain Performance aspectsCompetitiveness/ Transportation Environmental Safety Health Cost Issues/Challenge/Sustainability KPI Efficiency Performance Performance/ aspects Potential Risk controlSystem LevelDoor-to-door A->B: A->B: A->B: Euro/tonkm Define reference cases Energy: kWh/ton,TEU tonkm/ton Casualties/ton (eg Pyrenean bottleneck)Logistics Delivery time: h CO2 g/ton Damage cost/ton Time frame for investment(A->B) Frequency : h SOx Time frame for Capacity :TEU/h NOx implementation (BAT, Flexibility : % PM BAT+10 ys) Reliability: Cargo <->ship typesShortsea/InlandWW X->Y: X->Y: X->Y: ROI Time, kWh, Uptime % g/ton (CO2, SOx , casualties/tontransportation Transit: Z time, Z kWh NOx , PM) accidents/tonConcept Port: h/TEU, m2/TEU g/tonkm (CO2, cargo loss Euro/ton Mode interface: ? SOx , NOx , PM) 3p damage Euro/ton(X->Y) Trade-offs?Ship energy kWh-in/kWh-out Uptime%Systems MTBF g/kWh (CO2, SOx Casualties/kWh(Z) Time-to-repair , NOx , PM) Accidents/kWh Oil outflow? BWT? ..... Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 8
  5. 5. Chalmers University of Technology Projects and initiatives - examplesProject name/status Subject Funding/PartnersEfficienSea Baltic navigation safety + competence BSR Interreg+VGR/ongoing and recruitment challenges /SMA, DAMSA, FMA, EMA, NCA, GMU, MUS,MARKIS Cooperation on development of KASK Interreg/prestudy Competence, Innovation and /VGR, SMTF, HCB, HVE, NMN, FMN, Competitiveness in the KASK region FER, MARTEC, AAUKnowMe Development and promotion of maritime EU FP7/application education and career paths /Tri-Napier, UAS-BR, JACOBS, UAS-L, MOLDE, GU, IVL, AEGEAN, ITMMA, DSN, GLEff-Ship/ongoing Energy efficiency for ships, fuel Vinnova/ SSPA, S-NAOS, Wärtsilä, S- sourcing, emission control, wind energy MAN, DEC-M, GE, Stora-E, SOLEnergy Management Implementation of EMS -.potential Swedish Energy Agency (SEA)Systems /ongoing benefits, hurdles, prospects, initiation /Swedish Ship OwnersEnergy Efficiency /prestudy Overview, systems, technologies SEAcompletedEco-driving/ongoing Establishing and spreading best SEA practiceUlysses/application Ultra slow oceangoing transportation EU-FP7/BV, SSPA, AS2CON, CRAIN, DMA, DTU, EURONAV, GL, TNO, UNEW, Wärtsilä, Stena, Wallenius Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 9 Chalmers University of Technology Älvis the Climate Smart River Shuttle Results: Zero emissions to air with electric propulsion <10% power requirement compared to existing solution Department of Shipping and Marine Technology Björn Södahl Page 10

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