2012 Reenergize the Americas 1B: John Peichel

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  • Six mega-trends that we follow…help direct our technology investments and focus our efforts to drive growth and meet the world’s greatest challengesX Water Scarcity:Water scarcity will affect over three billion people by 2025, while global water demand is expected to increase by 40% for industry, agriculture and domestic useSolutions: Reduce consumption, recover wasted water, reuse wherever possible, replenish when necessaryImagination Breakthrough: Reduce desalination cost through innovative technologies to reduce the energy consumption…50% of cost of operating a desalination plantX Waterborne DiseaseEvery eight seconds a child dies from drinking contaminated water.8,600 people each day die…more than AIDS…third largest killer globallyImagination Breakthrough: Advanced biodetection systems for early identification and tracking of harmful pathogen threats…prevention of disease with membrane barrier systems x Growth of Developing Nations80% of global population growth is expected to occur in developing countries by 2020. By 2025, developing countries will use more water for industrial processes than developed countries.Imagination Breakthrough: Combining solar power with advanced membrane filtration systems in a compact, easy-to-use and durable system that can bring clean water to thousands of rural villages and leap-frogs costly infrastructure needs. x Rising Cost of EnergyWorld energy demand is expected to increase by more than 50% by 2030. Two-thirds of the increase will come from developing countries.Imagination Breakthrough: Wastewater to Energy, generating biogas and burning in Jenbacher engine…produces power and pure water x New Stringent RegulationsRegulations are constantly evolving and being adopted throughout the world…Over half of the water available for human use is polluted. Imagination Breakthrough: Develop natural biological processes to breakdown harmful industrial by-products to non-toxic elements in a simple, low cost system.X Massive Infrastructure Needs$31 trillion global investment is required over the next 25 years in water and power infrastructure.By 2015, there will be 25 "megacities" with a population greater than 10 million, which will place unprecedented challenges on industrial, municipal and agricultural infrastructure.Imagination Breakthrough: Leverage existing underground sewer infrastructure to act as a pretreatment process, deferring expansion and construction on new costly treatment plants…distributed wastewater treatment
  • 2012 Reenergize the Americas 1B: John Peichel

    1. 1. The Water:Energy NexusSimultaneous solutions or dual disasters?GEWater & Process Technologies
    2. 2. Mega-Trends … focus our efforts tomeet the world’s greatest challenges 1. Water Scarcity 2. Waterborne Disease 3. Growth of Developing Nations 4. Rising Cost of Energy 5. New Stringent Regulations 6. Massive Infrastructure Needs 2/ 10/29/2012
    3. 3. The Global Water Challenge “Whiskey is for Drinking; Water is for Fighting.” – Mark10/29/2012/ Twain 3
    4. 4. The Global Energy Challenge 4/ 10/29/2012
    5. 5. Global 2030 needs 62.2Billions of kW hours (In billion cubic meters) 50.240,000 2x Electricity 3x Water Emerging35,000 Developed30,000 20 *at same consumption rate 19.925,00020,000 1515,000 1010,000 55,000 0 0 2008 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 5/ 10/29/2012
    6. 6. Water:Energy Nexus Both challenges must be addressed together 6/ 10/29/2012
    7. 7. Nexus #1: 6-19% of a city’s energy demandused to produce, treat & transport water WATER ENERGY 7/ 10/29/2012
    8. 8. Solution #1: Distributed water & power…right mix, right place, right price WATER ENERGY 8/ 10/29/2012
    9. 9. Opportunity #1: Distributed drinking water,reuse and waste water WATER ENERGY• Information management• Standardized solutions• On-site reuse technologies• Wastewater to energy 9/ 10/29/2012
    10. 10. Nexus #2: Higher technology to treat impairedwater requires higher energy demand WATER ENERGY Membrane Other O&M* Capital ~33% ~33% Energy ~33% Thermal (MED) Other Capital 24% 31% Energy 45% * Membrane replacement, Chemicals, Labor, Maintenance 10 / 10/29/2012
    11. 11. Solution #2: Joint technology developmentdriving energy and cost out WATER ENERGY 1.25 Cost of Water $/m3 1.00 Cost of Desalination 0.75 Cost Water Reuse 0.50 0.25 Cost of „Traditional‟ Water Supply 1996 2010 The cost of desalination with GE membranes has fallen by more than 80% in the last two decades 11 / 10/29/2012
    12. 12. Opportunity #2: Technology developmentdriving energy and cost out$$ SHORT TERM • High-Flux Membrane Systems • Chem/Membrane/Equip Integration • Advanced Pretreatment • Next-Generation Electrical Processes • Nano technologies • Solar & Low Grade Heat Integration • High-Efficiency Membrane Materials LONG TERM • SWRO ++ Integration • Renewable Energy Integration • Active Transport • Additive Particulate Separation • Innovative Desalination 2008 2012 2016 2020 12 / 10/29/2012
    13. 13. Story #2: Ultra Low Energy RO Summary of Results  Successful scale up to actual plan  Stable performance  > 98% average salt rejection  < 70 psi average driving pressure  < 60 psi average trans membrane  Reverse Osmosis performance at Ultrafiltration pressures!! What does this mean for our industry? Significant electrical cost savings over conventional RO Lower capital cost of RO system Smaller pump (or no high pressure pump!) Lower pressure membrane housings 13 / 10/29/2012
    14. 14. Nexus #3: Declining reservoir levels reducehydro generating capacity WATER ENERGY 14 / 10/29/2012
    15. 15. Solution #3: Reduce consumption, replenishreservoirs, alternative energy WATER ENERGY Bioenergy Wind Solar Hydro Natural Gas Cauley Creek water reuse facility…restoring lake levels by treating municipal wastewater Geothermal Hydrogen 15 / 10/29/2012
    16. 16. Opportunity #3: Reduce waterconsumption, replenish reservoirs, alternativeenergy sources WATER ENERGY• Direct water reuse• Biological control• Water rights• Data management• Combined water/energy projects• Agriculture solutions 16 / 10/29/2012
    17. 17. Nexus #4: Power generation requires largequantities of water WATER ENERGY>50% of globalindustrial waterconsumption isused to generatepower 17 / 10/29/2012
    18. 18. Solution #4: Reduce water consumption per MW produced Water in Source Align optimum water source with To Use consumption need Process & Optimize water & energy consumption Utilities in boiler, cooling and fuel systems Waste Convert waste streams To Value into value & minimize risk Waste out 18 / 10/29/2012
    19. 19. Opportunity #4: Reduce water consumptionper MW produced WATER ENERGY • Industrial water efficiency • Benchmarking • Common approach • Water reuse 19 / 10/29/2012
    20. 20. Nexus #5: Energy exploration & productiongenerates massive wastewater WATER ENERGY 20 / 10/29/2012
    21. 21. Solution #5: Advanced wastewater solutionsreduce losses & enable water reuse WATER ENERGY 21 / 10/29/2012
    22. 22. Opportunity #5: Advanced wastewater solutionsreduce water losses and enable water reuse WATER ENERGY • Impaired waters • Concentrate management • Ahead of regulation • Across value chain 22 / 10/29/2012
    23. 23. Nexus #6: Emerging market’s huge energydemand creates huge water demand WATER ENERGY 23 / 10/29/2012
    24. 24. Solution #6: Emerging market’s water andenergy challenges can be solved simultaneously WATER ENERGY 24 / 10/29/2012
    25. 25. Opportunity #6: Emerging market’s water andenergy challenges can be solved simultaneously WATER ENERGY• Integrated solution• Shift from hunting to cultivation*• Solutions across developing world• Distributed water and energy solutions * Source: Lux Research 25 / 10/29/2012
    26. 26. GE Power & WaterCombining the best ofGE to solve the world’sbiggest challenges

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