13 English Colonies


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13 English Colonies

  1. 1. The 13 English Colonies
  2. 2. Read page 176 <ul><li>How would you feel as an indentured servant? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think you should do next? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography of the 13 Colonies New England Colonies Southern Colonies Middle Colonies
  4. 4. <ul><li>Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Thin, rocky soil made it a difficult place to farm </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in timber, fish, & whales </li></ul>New England Colonies
  5. 5. <ul><li>New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Called “The Breadbasket of the Colonies” because farmers grew so much wheat </li></ul><ul><li>The Delaware River and the Hudson River were good for transporting goods. </li></ul>Middle Colonies
  6. 6. <ul><li>Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Warmest climate of the colonies and the longest growing season for farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Rich soil produced valuable crops such as tobacco and rice. </li></ul>Southern Colonies
  7. 7. <ul><li>How did different climates affect the way that land was used in each region? (see page 177) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Roger Williams <ul><li>An outspoken young minister in Salem, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>He believed that the government should not punish citizens for what they believe. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritan leaders forced him to leave Massachusetts. </li></ul><ul><li>He traveled south and founded a new settlement called Providence, which was the start of a new colony called Rhode Island. </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island became the first English Colony in North America to offer complete religious freedom to its settlers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Anne Hutchinson <ul><li>She was also forced to leave Massachusetts because of her religious beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>She moved to Rhode Island to live a life of religious freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>Read pages 184-185 to read more about her and Roger Williams. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thomas Hooker <ul><li>A Puritan Minister who wanted more religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>He and his followers founded the colony of Connecticut. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Describe the accomplishments of Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker. (see page 178)
  12. 12. King Charles II James, Duke of York
  13. 13. William Penn <ul><li>King Charles II borrowed money from William Penn’s Father. </li></ul><ul><li>Penn asked for land as repayment. </li></ul><ul><li>Penn wanted to build a colony based on his religious beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a Quaker – a person who didn’t believe in war. </li></ul><ul><li>William Penn said that his new colony would be a “holy experiment” where people of different nations and of all religions could live together in peace. </li></ul>
  14. 14. William Penn <ul><li>He promised to pay Native Americans a fair price for land. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote letters to the Lenni Lenape Indians saying, “I desire …that we may always live together as neighbors and friends.” </li></ul><ul><li>Philadelphia– Pennsylvania’s main settlement; it means, “city of brotherly love.” </li></ul><ul><li>Read page 183. </li></ul>
  15. 16. In one sentence, explain William Penn’s goals for the colony of Pennsylvania.
  16. 18. Lord Baltimore <ul><li>Kings Charles I gave a large section of land to Lord Baltimore. </li></ul><ul><li>He named his colony Maryland. </li></ul><ul><li>It became a safe place for Catholics and Protestants. </li></ul>
  17. 19. James Oglethorpe <ul><li>Helped to found the last of the English Colonies in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>He thought of a plan to have people who owed money in England to live in a colony in America. </li></ul><ul><li>He called the Colony Georgia, after the King of England at that time, King George II. </li></ul><ul><li>His first settle was named Savannah. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Population Growth of the Colonies
  19. 21. Growth of the English Colonies <ul><li>From 1650 to 1700, the population of the colonies increased from 50,000 to over 250,000. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1750, the population had reached one million. </li></ul>
  20. 22. Fill in the web with information about each colonial region. Colonial Regions New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
  21. 23. In which of the colonial regions would you have liked to live? Explain your choice.