Industrial Revolution: Inventions Quiz


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Industrial Revolution: Inventions Quiz

  1. 1. Slide 1<br />Introduction to the Industrial Revolution<br />
  2. 2. Slide 2<br />Shift from the Agrarian World<br />Agricultural Revolution – New farming methods invented<br />Lord Townshend in England introduced crop rotation – land could now be used year-round; certain crops revitalized soil<br />Enclosure movement had large land owners buying and then fencing public land<br />
  3. 3. Slide 3<br />Shift from the Agrarian World<br />Smaller farmers pushed off of land to work as wage laborers for various land owners or to move to the growing cities<br />More food produced = population increase<br />In 1700 there were about 100 million people in Europe, by 1800 the population had grown to 190 million. <br />
  4. 4. Slide 4<br />Textile Industry Takes Off<br />Domestic system (cottage industry) had dominated the early 1700s; merchants dropped off raw materials at people’s homes, picked up finished products later <br />
  5. 5. Slide 5<br />Textile Industry Takes Off<br />Series of inventions modernize textile manufacturing, including:<br />1733 - Flying Shuttle (John Kay) – Used to weave cloth<br />The Spinning Jenny<br />
  6. 6. Slide 6<br />Textile Industry Takes Off<br />1760 – Spinning Jenny (James Hargreaves) – Allowed for multiple threads to be woven together <br />1769 – Water Frame (Richard Arkwright) – Used water to power the spinning frame<br />The Spinning Jenny<br />
  7. 7. Slide 7<br />Textile Industry Takes Off<br />1785 – Water Loom (Edmund Cartwright) – First machine that could weave cloth <br />1793 – Cotton Gin (Eli Whitney) – Machine that separated cotton seeds from the cotton<br />Plans for the Cotton Gin<br />
  8. 8. Slide 8<br />Textile Industry Takes Off<br />These advancements resulted in the movement of work from the home to the factory<br />Plans for the Cotton Gin<br />
  9. 9. Slide 9<br />Britain Industrializes First <br />1715-1850<br />Many natural resources available in Britain, including large amounts of coal and iron<br />
  10. 10. Slide 10<br />Britain Industrializes First<br />Geographical advantages include a large river system for water power and many natural harbors for easy trade<br />A strong, stable government allowed a strong, stable economy to develop which resulted in extra money to invest<br />
  11. 11. Slide 11<br />Britain Industrializes First<br />Colonial empire provided much needed raw materials and markets<br />Spreads to continental Europe, United States of America, and Japan between 1850 and 1914 <br />
  12. 12. Slide 12<br />Changes Brought by the Industrial Revolution<br />Invention of the steam engine in 1763 by James Watt shifts labor from humans and animals to machines<br />Inventions continue to make life, manufacturing, and farming easier and better<br />Continuous reinvestment of profits fuel even greater growth<br />Inventions in one area often led to inventions in others<br />Transportation and communication systems are greatly enhanced<br />
  13. 13. Slide 13<br />Changes Brought by the Industrial Revolution<br />Cities begin to dominate the western world<br />Creates a new social order with the rise of an influential middle class<br />Poor working conditions for lower classes eventually lead to new social and political movements<br />Need for markets and resources force Europeans to take over foreign lands (imperialism)<br />
  14. 14. Slide 14<br />Please switch on your Qwizdom handsets<br />
  15. 15. As part or the agricultural revolution what did Lord Townshend introduce which revitalised the soil?<br />Land Rotation<br />Crop Rotation<br />Worker Rotation<br />Slide 15<br />
  16. 16. Crop Rotation<br />Slide 16<br />More food produced = Population Increase<br />
  17. 17. True or False<br />In 1700 the population in Europe was c.100 million and by 1800 it had grown to 150 million<br />Slide 17<br />
  18. 18. FALSE!<br />By 1800 the population of Europe was c.190 million<br />Slide 18<br />
  19. 19. Inventions of the industrial revolutionPick the correct dates<br />Slide 19<br />
  20. 20. John Kay: Flying Shuttle<br />1723<br />1733<br />1743<br />1753<br />Slide 20<br />
  21. 21. 1733<br />Slide 21<br />
  22. 22. James Hargreaves: Spinning Jenny<br />1740<br />1750<br />1760<br />1770<br />Slide 22<br />
  23. 23. 1760<br />Slide 23<br />
  24. 24. Richard Arkwright: Water Frame<br />1769<br />1779<br />1789<br />Slide 24<br />
  25. 25. 1769<br />Slide 25<br />
  26. 26. Edmund Cartwright: Water Loom<br />1775<br />1785<br />1795<br />Slide 26<br />
  27. 27. 1785<br />Slide 27<br />
  28. 28. Eli Whitney: Cotton Gin<br />1793<br />1803<br />1813<br />Slide 28<br />
  29. 29. 1793<br />Slide 29<br />