Industrial revolution

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Industrial revolution

  1. 1. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  2. 2. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>It began in Britain in the 1760s </li></ul><ul><li>It moved to northern Europe and North America. </li></ul>
  3. 3. LIFE IN BRITAIN BEFORE THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>Most people worked on farms. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in the country and grew their own food. </li></ul>
  4. 4. LIFE IN BRITAIN BEFORE THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>Clothes and furniture were made by hand at home from wool, wood and leather. </li></ul><ul><li>There were craftsmen who worked in their own shops and made lots of different things like clothes, jewellery, tools and weapons. </li></ul>
  5. 5. FACTORS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>POPULATION RISES IN CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1700 and 1800 the population in Europe grew from 115 million to 187 million people. </li></ul>
  6. 6. FACTORS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>NEED FOR PRODUCTS PRODUCED IN MASS QUANTITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the increase in population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The changes in people´s living conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People in the cities often could not grow their own food or make things by hand as they did in the country. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. FACTORS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>NEED FOR NEW MACHINERY </li></ul><ul><li>It was difficult to make products in great quantity by hand. </li></ul><ul><li>The machines were invented to save time and produce a variety of different products in bigger quantities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. FACTOR OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>NEED FOR FACTORIES </li></ul><ul><li>Factories were built for these new machines. </li></ul><ul><li>The production was increased. </li></ul>
  9. 9. FACTORS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <ul><li>NEED FOR MORE WORKERS </li></ul><ul><li>With every new factory workers were needed. </li></ul><ul><li>More and more people moved to the cities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>THE STEAM ENGINE </li></ul><ul><li>In 1795 the Scotsman James Watt invented the first modern steam engine. This was a great invention because it created the energy to move the big machines used in industry, transportation and agriculture. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>THE STEAM ENGINE </li></ul>
  12. 12. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>THE SPINNING JENNY </li></ul><ul><li>The invention of the spinning Jenny (James Hargreaves, c.1764) created a major change in textile industry. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  13. 13. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>Machines could not now make cloth quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>People stopped making it at home and went to work in textile factories. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1770s cotton factories opened all over Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>The textile industry became very important and Britain sold cotton and wool to other countries </li></ul>
  14. 14. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>STEAM TRAINS AND RAILWAYS </li></ul><ul><li>In 1814 George Stephenson invented the first steam engine for railways. </li></ul><ul><li>It pulled a train of eight heavy coal carriages. </li></ul>
  15. 15. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>From 1822-1825 Stephenson built the first railway in the world that carried both cargo and passengers , the Stockton and Darlington Railway in the north-east of England. </li></ul><ul><li>There were carriages for four hundred and fifty people. </li></ul>
  16. 16. SOME IMPORTANT INVENTIONS <ul><li>The railway changed people´s lives in Britain and in other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>It was faster and cheaper than other types of transport. </li></ul><ul><li>With cheaper thansport costs businesses could sell their products in many new places, and people could travel more and more. </li></ul>
  17. 17. QUESTIONS <ul><li>When did the Industrial Revolution began? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the people need to make products in mass quantities? </li></ul><ul><li>How was life before the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the craftsmen work in their shop? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the changes in the way of making products? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the purpose of the machines? </li></ul>
  18. 18. QUESTIONS <ul><li>Where were these machines placed? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the people move to the cities? </li></ul><ul><li>What did James Watt invent? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the steam engine need to produce steam? </li></ul><ul><li>Which invention created a major change in textile industry? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Stephenson invent? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the railway change people´s life? </li></ul>
  19. 19. QUESTIONS <ul><li>Write your answers in a piece of paper and give it to your teacher. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Activity made by Isabel Aguña. </li></ul><ul><li>Geography and History Teacher. IES Claudio Prieto </li></ul>

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