Industrial Revolution Powerpoint


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Industrial Revolution Powerpoint

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>From England to North America to the World </li></ul>
  2. 2. The First Industrial Nation
  3. 3. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin In England? <ul><li>Natural resources such as coal, iron ore, and developed farmlands </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies such as the steam engine and textile machines </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth due to previous agricultural boom </li></ul><ul><li>Business class risked their capital to start new ventures. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Enclosure Movement
  5. 7. Cottage System VS. Factory System
  6. 8. Mostly female workers manning the machines at a factory producing stockings
  7. 9. Technological Advancements
  8. 10. Jethro Tull’s Seed Drill
  9. 11. James Watt’s Steam Engine <ul><li>Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Improved upon Newcomen steam engine by using condenser </li></ul><ul><li>Key power source of the Industrial Revolution </li></ul>
  10. 13. Bessemer’s Smelting Process <ul><li>Bessemer Process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel </li></ul><ul><li>Removed impurities from the iron by blowing air through it </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed the manufacture of bridges, railroads, skyscrapers, and large ships </li></ul>
  11. 15. Interchangeable parts
  12. 16. The Wizard of Menlo Park <ul><li>Thomas Edison-American Inventor, Scientist, and Businessman </li></ul><ul><li>Invented the Phonograph, motion picture camera, and the long-lasting practical electric lightbulb </li></ul>
  13. 18. Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin <ul><li>Created in 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Separated Cotton Fibers from seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Caused massive growth of production of cotton, exports to Britain, and Demand for U.S. Slavery </li></ul>
  14. 19. The Spinning Jenny <ul><li>Invented by James Hargreaves in 1764 </li></ul><ul><li>Produced several threads at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Were Later Powered by Water, and then Steam Engine </li></ul>
  15. 20. John Kay’s Flying Shuttle <ul><li>“ a speed which cannot be imagined, so great that the shuttle can only be seen like a tiny cloud which disappears the same instant.” </li></ul><ul><li>A wheeled shuttle that greatly accelerated weaving by passing thread between warps very quickly </li></ul>
  16. 21. Advancements in Science and Medicine
  17. 22. Louis Pasteur and Germ Theory <ul><li>French chemist and microbiologist, known as one of the fathers of microbiology </li></ul><ul><li>Supported the germ theory theory of disease </li></ul><ul><li>Invented a method to stop milk and wine from causing sickness </li></ul>
  18. 23. The Great and Terrible Scourge <ul><li>Erupted in epidemics every 10 years in densely populated areas </li></ul><ul><li>Edward Jenner developed vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Used samples of cowpox disease from women who had worked with cows </li></ul>
  19. 24. The Transportation Revolution
  20. 25. Stephenson’s “Rocket”
  21. 27. Robert Fulton’s Steamship
  22. 28. “ Any color-so long as it’s black.” <ul><li>Henry Ford-American Industrialist </li></ul><ul><li>Used the assembly line technique of mass production </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionized transportation </li></ul>
  23. 29. The Wright Brothers
  24. 30. Impacts of the Industrial Revolution
  25. 32. An English Mill Town
  26. 33. Urbanization <ul><li>mass migration of people from rural areas to cities </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid growth of cities due to industrial demand of workers </li></ul>
  27. 34. Blessing or Curse? <ul><li>The Standard of living increased overall for most people </li></ul><ul><li>But a new way of living brought new problems </li></ul>
  28. 41. Child Labor and Unsafe Work Conditions
  29. 43. Newsies
  30. 44. Miners
  31. 45. A Culture of domesticity
  32. 46. Women’s Roles and Suffrage <ul><li>Women begin to take jobs in factories performing manual labor and skilled crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Women are always paid less than men and not much more than children </li></ul><ul><li>Women begin to organize for equal rights and suffrage </li></ul>
  33. 49. The Opposition to Women
  34. 51. Capitalism and Market Competition
  35. 52. Labor Unions
  36. 53. New Ways of Thinking
  37. 54. “ Survival of the Fittest”
  38. 55. Questions to think about... <ul><li>What are some of the causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How did the standard of living increase and decrease during the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are some of the benefits and drawbacks of philosophers like Smith, Marx, Owen, Bentham? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do we still benefit today from inventions from the Industrial Revolution? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>