Wynberg girls high-lynne martin-history-grade8-the industrial revolution1

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History of industrial revolution for grade eight

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Wynberg girls high-lynne martin-history-grade8-the industrial revolution1

  1. 1. Revolution – complete change Industrial – from home industries to factories Industry - work The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  2. 2. How long did it take? <ul><li>Ages! From 1750 – 1830’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not violent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lives changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>working conditions changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>living standards changed </li></ul></ul>The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  3. 3. What was the new technology? STEAM POWER! The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed In 1769 James Watt built a steam engine which used coal to produce steam which turned wheels and drove machinery In 1825, George Stephenson Built a steam train, called the “Rocket” because it travelled at 48km ph – a speed considered dangerous HOW DOES STEAM POWER WORK ? Coal boils water & makes steam, steam is forced through pipes, pressure builds, steam released from pipes turns the wheels & engines on the machines
  4. 4. TRANSPORT REVOLUTION The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed railways – all over the country canals – barges transport goods - could transport a lot cheaply - mostly between mines and factories Result = price of coal fell steamships are much quicker than sailing ships & don’t depend on the weather.
  5. 5. RESULTS OF THE TRANSPORT REVOLUTION <ul><li>Cheap fast travel </li></ul><ul><li>Trains carry much more than horse & cart </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh food daily = better diet = longer lives </li></ul><ul><li>British goods shipped more quickly – to colonial markets </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Britain became the most advanced industrialised country in the world </li></ul>The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  6. 6. Why does BRITAIN Take the lead? <ul><li>Britain is an island with a very strong navy – can protect itself plus its trade routes - escaped the wars of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain has lots of raw materials: coal and iron ore </li></ul><ul><li>Britain has access to cotton (America and India ) </li></ul><ul><li>Has ready markets - can sell products to their colonies </li></ul>The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  7. 7. WHAT OTHER ADVANTAGES DID BRITAIN HAVE? <ul><li>Industrialists had access to slave labour on the American plantations. </li></ul><ul><li>Slave labour was exploited for profit. </li></ul><ul><li>The factories used people who came to the urban areas in search of work. </li></ul><ul><li>These workers were poorly paid and were also exploited </li></ul>The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  8. 8. It’s all about the availability of CAPITAL The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed Capital = money used to start a business or money invested The aim is to make more money . British industrialists had capital because: They had investments in the colonies They were plantation owners Many of the industrialists acted as bankers and helped to provide money for new factories, machinery and transport
  9. 9. WHAT WAS THE NEW WORLD OF WORK LIKE? <ul><li>Many people hated the machines </li></ul><ul><li>They felt that they took away their self worth </li></ul><ul><li>Factory hours were long - 14 hrs a day Factory workers had to keep pace with the machines which were very fast </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries were frequent </li></ul><ul><li>There was no compensation for illness or injury – often they just lost their job as well </li></ul>The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed
  10. 10. WHY WERE WOMEN AND CHILDREN PREFERRED FOR WORK? The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed Children were smaller than adults ; they could be paid less; poor families had to send children to work to make ends meet Women could be paid less than men and tended to be obedient
  11. 11. The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed Some workers formed trade unions to fight for better working conditions This manifesto calls for a strike Marches and banners were used to publicise their cause Workers were influenced by French Revolution & thinkers like Karl Marx – wanted better treatment.
  12. 12. WHAT WAS THE IMPACT OF URBANISATION? The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed Filthy Father Thames - no sanitation or proper sewerage = diseases like cholera Narrow crowded streets between tall buildings allow for little air and light. no jobs + no money + debt = crime + squalid living conditions
  13. 13. The Industrial Revolution – very creative show made by Mrs Freed

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