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Ergonomics from home

A presentation of how to improvise the best possible ergonomics for "temporary" work stations while sheltering in place at home during the 2020 Coronavirus pandemic for students, educators, and workers reassigned to their homes.

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Ergonomics from home

  1. 1. Improvised Ergonomics for the “Temporary” Home Worker Quin Bond Director of Measurement and Evaluation Services NJ Ergonomics LLC
  2. 2. Ergonomics • The study of the problems of people in adjusting to their environment; esp., the science that seeks to adapt work or working conditions to suit the worker
  3. 3. Types of controls • Administrative Controls – Change of policies and procedures for performing tasks or behavioral changes. • Engineering Controls – Change of devices or tools used to perform the task • In the current pandemic scenario, due to shipping issues, engineering controls may not be possible (may take too long to source and ship a standing desk or other workstation accessories)
  4. 4. Improvising at Home • Shipping for online providers (Amazon, Walmart, etc.) is significantly delayed as they refocus on priority shipments. • Stores such as Best Buy, Staples, etc. may not be considered “essential services” depending on state rules • Workers are going to need to see what they have available in their own homes to help get into the best possible ergonomic position while doing computer work
  5. 5. Workstation locations
  6. 6. Ideal Set Up • If the employee didn’t already have an exclusive home office space, they are most likely not going to have an ideal set up. • We should still try to find a way to get them as close to ideal as possible. • Optimal visual angle with upper portion of the screen just below eye level. • Elbows between 90-120 degrees when using keyboard/mouse • Feet flat on floor • Wrists in neutral posture when keyboarding/mousing
  7. 7. Sitting at the Couch • The couch and the bed as workstations should be avoided, if possible. • If you have to use the couch: • Use a table for the computer • Sit up right • Use a pillow or other support • Don’t use your laptop in bed!!!!!
  8. 8. Using a Tablet and Keyboard • If using an iPad, Surface, or other tablet with blue tooth keyboard • Use a tablet stand (or cover that converts) to get tablet at better viewing angle. • Elevate tablet to improve viewing angle • Keep keyboard separate to be in more optimal position
  9. 9. Kitchen counter as standing desk • If you are tall enough • Wear shoes • Same laptop rules as desk • Elevate one foot to reduce low back fatigue
  10. 10. Phone calls • Use Bluetooth headset/wired headset or use speaker phone option to take calls • Keep neutral cervical posture • Allows employee to get up, move around, and stretch • Leaves hands free to type, write notes, etc.
  11. 11. Using a laptop • Elevate the laptop • Use detached keyboard and mouse • Good posture • Elevate feet as necessary • Document holder?
  12. 12. Micro breaks for rest and stretching • Encourage employees to take time each hour to get up and stretch their neck, shoulder girdle, arms, wrists, hands, lower back, and legs
  13. 13. 20-20-20 rule
  14. 14. Tips to Survive and Thrive Working At Home • Keep to a daily schedule • Eat clean and healthy (and regularly) • Exercise in moderation • Get started, don’t over do it • Keep good sleep hygiene • Regular sleep hours • Stay hydrated • Physical distance, socially connected
  15. 15. If you can order…. • A multi-position mouse (Contour Uni-Mouse) • Adjustable DPI (speed and distance of movement) • An ergonomic keyboard • Multiple styles dependent upon user • A laptop stand • A document holder • A Bluetooth headset • An office chair
  16. 16. Questions?????
  17. 17. Quick Consults/Reviews • Questionnaire to be completed before evaluation • Photos of workspace • 30 minute consultation for recommendations and answering questions on (HIPAA compliant video conference service) • E-mail to remind about key points of consult • Follow-up e-mail one week after consult to check on adjustments Standard Evaluation is performed on-site with anthropometric measurements of the employee and measurements of the workspace. The typical standard evaluation contains 50+ datapoints that are measured to help identify areas of improvement and to make appropriate, individualized recommendations.
  18. 18. Thank You!! (732) 796-7370