According to TEFMA, the capital and operating costs of university campuses is around 20% of their total operating cost. At a time when there is pressure to costs, this matters. I want to have a look at three trends in the short time that we have, to raise some issues that will be looked at in more depth by the following presentations, but also to offer some thoughts on what those managing university facilities may have to think more about.
From the macro scale to the micro. The second trend is the redefinition of internal spaces used in universities. A challenge facing those managing university facilities is to get maximum use out of their space.To adapt to greater uncertainty the types of space being used are shifting from being formal and fixed and bookable spaces to being flexible.
There is a pressure on higher education to reduce the amount of space used, yet conversely there is a pressure to cater for more students. This is seeing an emphasis on more generic teaching space with reducing specialist skill space which tends to be expensive to maintain. There is an increase in space dedicated to learning resources, less space devoted to support functions and greater use of circulation and informal types spaces such as cafés etc for informal learning.For those managing the facilities, it is important to know: How much of what type of space is there and how is it used?How does the space match the institution’s vision?How do you get flexibility?
Higher Education Spaces and Places for Learning Innovation and Knowledge Exchange - Alastair Blyth
Higher Education Spaces and Places for Learning Innovation and Knowledge Exchange Alastair Blyth IMHE 2012, Paris
Summary• Creating spaces for knowledge exchange• Flexible environments• Managing the facilities• Designing cities for knowledge: the role of universities
Matching learning to technology and space Learning mode Technology Space type Work-based learning Collaborative spaces with ePortfolios Work-integrated learning high-end technology Field-trips – real and virtual Virtual field-trips Collaborative spaces with Simulation and role-plays Online simulations high-end technology Problem-based learning Blogs, wikis Collaborative spaces with Case studies Multimedia case studies high-end technology Lectures Podcasts ‘flipped learning’ spaces Assessment ReviewSource: Prof Shirley Alexander, University of Technology Sydney
Rethinking the property portfolioCore Flexible On-demandOwned Leased Short-termBrand / Image Shared with Project start-ups partners with partners Universities rethinking the use of space e.g. SANE Report, DEGW 2001
Space Space Reallocation Saving + generic teaching / free space specialist skill spaceCurrent Space -Space Target + learning resource - support circulation/ + informal learning
Generic Specialised InformalFeatures: Features: Features:• Timetabled • Timetabled • No timetable• Use by all • Specific functions • Use by anyone• Constrained • Specialised equip. • FlexibleImplications: Implications: Implications:• Manage timetable • Manage timetable • Hard to manage• Expensive if • Inflexible • Self-directed mismanaged • Expensive • Exchange space
Facilities should be supportiveManage both space need and use UNIVERSITIES FACILITIES DYNAMIC MANAGE FIXED CHANGING SUPPORTIVEInnovation activities
NEEDS FACILITIES What is there? • Amount MANAGE • TypeStudent expectations: • Location – Lifestyle Balance interests • Use – Finance • Cost – Courses…Teaching, research, – Business needknowledge exchange –… – methods and Funding relationships… Manage changeEngagement with local – Flexibility Respond to changeand global community – Short term Interactions – – Distance learning… Medium term – Other systems – Long termAdministrativefunctions… Staff capacity – ExpertiseBrand / image Space type – Culture – Owned…. – Leased – On-demand
OECD Review ofHigher Education Institutions in Regional Development (2005 – 2012) To Become Globally Competitive Countries Need to Invest in their Innovation Systemsnot only at the national, but also regional level … HEIs can play a key role in Regional Innovation Systems, Human Capital development…..
Designing Cities for KnowledgeEducation / InformationTraining searchKnowledge University Business /exchange community Research Innovation
IST Campus Taguspark, Lisbon 2001 50000 m Orthophotograph Institutions and functions1 445 studentsMost recent precinct in the LMAIntegrated in the urban fabric Road network system Land morphologyOpen precinct – no physical barriersSmooth topographyLow accessibility Built/voids Outdoor areas
IT University, Copenhagen Architect: Henning Larsen Macquarie Bank, Sydney, Australia. Clive Wilkinson
Thank You! Alastair Blyth firstname.lastname@example.org www.alastairblyth.com See also:www.oecd.org/edu/facilities