SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 13
Advancing Gender Equality: The Crucial Role
of Science and Technology
Gender gap in reading performance
Score-point difference in reading between boys and girls
Figure I.4.8
-50
-45
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
Jordan
342
Finland
490
United
Arab
Emirates
417
Slovenia
469
Norway
477
Qatar
419
Albania
358
Malta
445
Baku
(Azerbaijan)
365
Sweden
487
Montenegro
405
Iceland
436
Jamaica*
410
Georgia
374
Philippines
347
Korea
515
Brunei
Darussalam
429
Croatia
475
Dominican
Republic
351
Bulgaria
404
Saudi
Arabia
383
Malaysia
388
Lithuania
472
Moldova
411
Slovak
Republic
447
Czech
Republic
489
Poland
489
Latvia*
475
Belgium
479
Kazakhstan
386
Chinese
Taipei
515
Estonia
511
Thailand
379
Romania
428
Netherlands*
459
New
Zealand*
501
Serbia
440
North
Macedonia
359
Greece
438
Spain
474
Kosovo
342
Türkiye
456
Mongolia
378
Canada*
507
OECD
average
476
Switzerland
483
Ukrainian
regions
(18
of
27)
428
Israel
474
Indonesia
359
Hong
Kong
(China)*
500
Morocco
339
Uzbekistan
336
United
States*
504
Australia*
498
Portugal
477
Denmark*
489
Austria
480
Cambodia
329
France
474
Singapore
543
Germany
480
Italy
482
Panama*
392
Paraguay
373
Ireland*
516
Viet
Nam
462
Brazil
410
Hungary
473
Japan
516
United
Kingdom*
494
Uruguay
430
Macao
(China)
510
Argentina
401
El
Salvador
365
Colombia
409
Guatemala
374
Peru
408
Mexico
415
Chile
448
Costa
Rica
415
Score dif. Mean
Boys scored higher than girls
Boys scored lower than girls
Gender gap in mathematics performance
Score-point difference in mathematics between boys and girls
Figure I.4.7
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
25
Palestinian
Authority
366
Jordan
361
Philippines
355
Jamaica*
377
Brunei
Darussalam
442
Malaysia
409
Qatar
414
United
Arab
Emirates
431
Baku
(Azerbaijan)
397
Indonesia
366
North
Macedonia
389
Thailand
394
Bulgaria
417
Mongolia
425
Georgia
390
Finland
484
Dominican
Republic
339
Cambodia
336
Morocco
365
Slovenia
485
Norway
468
Montenegro
406
Kazakhstan
425
Kosovo
355
Slovak
Republic
464
Malta
466
Saudi
Arabia
389
Sweden
482
Iceland
459
Panama*
357
Moldova
414
Romania
428
Korea
527
Lithuania
475
Poland
489
Chinese
Taipei
547
Türkiye
453
Greece
430
Uzbekistan
364
Estonia
510
El
Salvador
343
Croatia
463
Czech
Republic
487
Belgium
489
Brazil
379
Hong
Kong
(China)*
540
Japan
536
Colombia
383
OECD
average
472
Latvia*
483
France
474
Ukrainian
regions
(18
of
27)
441
Spain
473
Viet
Nam
469
New
Zealand*
479
Portugal
472
Netherlands*
493
Switzerland
508
Uruguay
409
Serbia
440
Argentina
378
Israel
458
Australia*
487
Germany
475
Paraguay
338
Denmark*
489
Mexico
395
Singapore
575
Canada*
497
Guatemala
344
Ireland*
492
United
States*
465
United
Kingdom*
489
Hungary
473
Costa
Rica
385
Peru
391
Macao
(China)
552
Chile
412
Austria
487
Italy
471
Score dif.
Boys scored higher than girls
Boys scored
lower than girls
Gender gap in mathematics performance
Score-point difference in mathematics between boys and girls
Figure I.4.7
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
Palestinian
Authority
366
Jordan
361
Philippines
355
Jamaica*
377
Brunei
Darussalam
442
Malaysia
409
Qatar
414
United
Arab
Emirates
431
Baku
(Azerbaijan)
397
Indonesia
366
North
Macedonia
389
Thailand
394
Bulgaria
417
Mongolia
425
Georgia
390
Finland
484
Dominican
Republic
339
Cambodia
336
Morocco
365
Slovenia
485
Norway
468
Montenegro
406
Kazakhstan
425
Kosovo
355
Slovak
Republic
464
Malta
466
Saudi
Arabia
389
Sweden
482
Iceland
459
Panama*
357
Moldova
414
Romania
428
Korea
527
Lithuania
475
Poland
489
Chinese
Taipei
547
Türkiye
453
Greece
430
Uzbekistan
364
Estonia
510
El
Salvador
343
Croatia
463
Czech
Republic
487
Belgium
489
Brazil
379
Hong
Kong
(China)*
540
Japan
536
Colombia
383
OECD
average
472
Latvia*
483
France
474
Ukrainian
regions
(18
of
27)
441
Spain
473
Viet
Nam
469
New
Zealand*
479
Portugal
472
Netherlands*
493
Switzerland
508
Uruguay
409
Serbia
440
Argentina
378
Israel
458
Australia*
487
Germany
475
Paraguay
338
Denmark*
489
Mexico
395
Singapore
575
Canada*
497
Guatemala
344
Ireland*
492
United
States*
465
United
Kingdom*
489
Hungary
473
Costa
Rica
385
Peru
391
Macao
(China)
552
Chile
412
Austria
487
Italy
471
90th percentile (highest-performing students)
Score dif.
Boys scored higher than girls
Boys scored
lower than girls
There is a strong negative correlation across OECD countries between
gender gaps in mathematics and reading
Score point differences in PISA mathematics and reading scales (PISA 2022)
Tertiary completion rates are especially high for women
Completion rates of full-time students who entered a bachelor's (or equivalent level) programme,
by gender and timeframe (2020)
Figure B5.1.
0
25
50
75
100
United
Kingdom
Lithuania
Israel
Poland
Finland
Norway
United
States
Canada
Estonia
Spain
Average
Slovenia
Portugal
Switzerland
Iceland
France
New
Zealand
Sweden
Australia
Brazil
Netherlands
Austria
Italy
Colombia
Flemish
Comm.
(Belgium)
French
Comm.
(Belgium)
Women by the theoretical duration Men by the theoretical duration Women by the theoretical duration plus 3 years Men by the theoretical duration plus 3 years
Large gender gaps by field of study persist among new entrants
Share of women among new entrants to tertiary education, by selected fields of study and level of education (2020)
Figure B4.1.
0
25
50
75
100
Short-cycle
Tertiary
Bachelor's
or
equivalent
Master's
or
equivalent
Doctoral
or
equivalent
Short-cycle
Tertiary
Bachelor's
or
equivalent
Master's
or
equivalent
Doctoral
or
equivalent
Short-cycle
Tertiary
Bachelor's
or
equivalent
Master's
or
equivalent
Doctoral
or
equivalent
Education Health and welfare STEM
OECD average Lowest value among OECD countries Highest value among OECD countries
Girls are under-represented in the fields of STEM and over-represented in
certain other fields such as education and health and welfare.
Share of women among new entrants to tertiary education, by selected fields of study (2020)
Women are a minority among tertiary staff
Share of women among academic staff (2005 and 2020)
Figure D8.3.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Lithuania
Latvia
Finland
New
Zealand
Belgium
United
States
Canada
Estonia
Norway
Israel
Poland
Netherlands
Slovak
Republic
Brazil
Sweden
United
Kingdom
Portugal
EU22
average
France
Türkiye
Spain
OECD
average
Denmark
Costa
Rica
Austria
India
Slovenia
Saudi
Arabia
Hungary
Germany
Colombia
Italy
Greece
Switzerland
Korea
Luxembourg
Japan
2020 2005
Employment: The gender gap is particularly high among adults with low
educational attainment
Employment rates of 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary attainment, by gender (2020)
Figure D8.3.
73
65
57 56 54 53 53
51 50 50 49 48 48 48 47 47 46 45 44 43 43 43 42 42 42 41 41 40 39 38 38 37 37 37 36 36 35
33 30 30
26 26 24 23 22
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Iceland
Portugal
Switzerland
New
Zealand
Luxembourg
United
Kingdom
Netherlands
Norway
Latvia
Austria
Germany
Russian
Federation
Chile
Korea
Indonesia
Spain
Sweden
Denmark
Estonia
OECD
average
Australia
Mexico
Czech
Republic
Slovenia
EU22
average
United
States
Lithuania
Argentina
Canada
Hungary
Israel
Greece
Colombia
France
Belgium
Costa
Rica
Brazil
Ireland
Finland
Italy
Turkey
South
Africa
Slovak
Republic
Poland
India
Women Men
The gender gap in the employment rate of 25-34 year-olds with tertiary qualification
narrowed between 2015 and 2022 in around two-thirds of OECD countries
Gender disparities in employment rates in percentage points; men minus employment rates of women
Women earn 26% less than men, although the pay gap has narrowed in some
countries
Trends in women's earnings as a percentage of men's earnings (2013 and 2019)
Figure D8.3.
95
83 83 81 80
80 80 80
80
79 78 77 77 77 76 76 76 76 76 75 75 75 74 73 73 73 73 72 71 71 71 70 69 69 68 68
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Costa
Rica
Luxembourg
Slovenia
Australia
Turkey
Latvia
Switzerland
Colombia
Belgium
New
Zealand
Netherlands
Denmark
Spain
Finland
Lithuania
United
Kingdom
OECD
average
Norway
France
Estonia
EU22
average
Mexico
Austria
Korea
Canada
Czech
Republic
Portugal
Slovak
Republic
United
States
Poland
Italy
Germany
Ireland
Israel
Hungary
Chile
2019 2013
Thank you !

More Related Content

Similar to Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April Eric Charbonnier.pptx

Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...EduSkills OECD
 
Dream jobs? - Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of work
Dream jobs? -  Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of workDream jobs? -  Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of work
Dream jobs? - Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of workEduSkills OECD
 
Education at a Glance 2017 – London, September 12 2017
Education at a Glance 2017 –  London, September 12 2017Education at a Glance 2017 –  London, September 12 2017
Education at a Glance 2017 – London, September 12 2017EduSkills OECD
 
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...EduSkills OECD
 
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findings
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findingsEducation at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findings
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findingsEduSkills OECD
 
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheid
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheidOnderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheid
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheiddvndamme
 
Education at a Glance 2017
Education at a Glance 2017Education at a Glance 2017
Education at a Glance 2017EduSkills OECD
 
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...EduSkills OECD
 
Academic Resilience - What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...
Academic Resilience -  What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...Academic Resilience -  What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...
Academic Resilience - What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...EduSkills OECD
 
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold"
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold" Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold"
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold" Mercatus Center
 
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...EduSkills OECD
 
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and  Educational Att...Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and  Educational Att...
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and Educational Att...EduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptx
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptxAndreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptx
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptxEduSkills OECD
 
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence and Inclusiveness in Education
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence  and Inclusiveness  in EducationISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence  and Inclusiveness  in Education
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence and Inclusiveness in EducationEduSkills OECD
 
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...dvndamme
 
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...Siggi Eyjolfsson
 
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de Matemáticas
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de MatemáticasPerú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de Matemáticas
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de MatemáticasJim Andrew Uni - Cultural
 

Similar to Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April Eric Charbonnier.pptx (20)

Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Glance Interim Report:Update of Employment and Educational Att...
 
Dream jobs? - Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of work
Dream jobs? -  Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of workDream jobs? -  Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of work
Dream jobs? - Teenagers' career aspirations and the future of work
 
Education at a Glance 2017 – London, September 12 2017
Education at a Glance 2017 –  London, September 12 2017Education at a Glance 2017 –  London, September 12 2017
Education at a Glance 2017 – London, September 12 2017
 
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...
PISA 2015 - Volume I: Excellence and Equity in Education and Volume II: Poli...
 
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findings
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findingsEducation at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findings
Education at a glance 2013: OECD Indicators - Key findings
 
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheid
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheidOnderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheid
Onderwijs en jeugdwerkloosheid
 
Education at a Glance 2017
Education at a Glance 2017Education at a Glance 2017
Education at a Glance 2017
 
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...
The state of education around the world: Findings from Education at a Glance ...
 
Academic Resilience - What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...
Academic Resilience -  What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...Academic Resilience -  What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...
Academic Resilience - What Schools and Countries do to Help Disadvantaged St...
 
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold"
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold" Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold"
Dr. Jack Goldstone, "The Center Cannot Hold"
 
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...
Slides from OECD & NEA webinar Are education policies doing enough to enhance...
 
The role of education in human capital formation
The role of education in human capital formationThe role of education in human capital formation
The role of education in human capital formation
 
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and Educational Att...
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and  Educational Att...Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and  Educational Att...
Education at a Gance Interim Report Update of Employment and Educational Att...
 
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptx
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptxAndreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptx
Andreas Schleicher - Teach for All 8 February 2024.pptx
 
Rethinking Education
Rethinking EducationRethinking Education
Rethinking Education
 
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence and Inclusiveness in Education
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence  and Inclusiveness  in EducationISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence  and Inclusiveness  in Education
ISTP 2014 - Equity, Excellence and Inclusiveness in Education
 
World gdp
World gdpWorld gdp
World gdp
 
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...
Strengths and weaknesses of national systems of human capital development in ...
 
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...
Which countries are best in the world in A- national team football by Siggi E...
 
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de Matemáticas
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de MatemáticasPerú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de Matemáticas
Perú en la IMO hasta el 2020, Internacionales de Matemáticas
 

More from EduSkills OECD

Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...EduSkills OECD
 
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...EduSkills OECD
 
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...EduSkills OECD
 
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptx
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptxPISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptx
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptxEduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...EduSkills OECD
 
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...EduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in LithuaniaEduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...EduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...EduSkills OECD
 
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...EduSkills OECD
 
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...EduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023EduSkills OECD
 
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...EduSkills OECD
 
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxMathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxEduSkills OECD
 
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...EduSkills OECD
 
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU update
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU updateAna Carrero -European year of skills – EU update
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU updateEduSkills OECD
 
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...EduSkills OECD
 
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...EduSkills OECD
 
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidance
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidanceDisrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidance
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidanceEduSkills OECD
 
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxAndreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxEduSkills OECD
 

More from EduSkills OECD (20)

Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
 
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...
Presentation by Andreas Schleicher Tackling the School Absenteeism Crisis 30 ...
 
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...
AI & cheating on high-stakes exams in upper secondary - Introduction by Shivi...
 
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptx
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptxPISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptx
PISA-VET launch_El Iza Mohamedou_19 March 2024.pptx
 
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...
Andreas Schleicher_OECD-ISSA webinar_Diversity plus Quality, does it equal Eq...
 
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
Managing Choice, Coherence and Specialisation in Upper Secondary Education - ...
 
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in LithuaniaAndreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary  Education in Lithuania
Andreas Schleicher_ Strengthening Upper Secondary Education in Lithuania
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
 
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...
Andreas Schleicher - Making learning resilient in a changing climate - 8 Febr...
 
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...
Jordan Hill - Presentation of Engaging with education research- With a little...
 
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...
RETHINKING ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL SKILLS by Adriano Linzarini OEC...
 
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023
Andreas Schleicher Global Launch of PISA - Presentation - 5 December 2023
 
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...
Moving up into upper secondary by Hannah Kitchen - OECD Education Webinar 23N...
 
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxMathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Mathematics in PISA by Andreas Schleicher - 31 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
 
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...
PISA in Practice - The Power of Data to Improve Education - Andreas Schleiche...
 
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU update
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU updateAna Carrero -European year of skills – EU update
Ana Carrero -European year of skills – EU update
 
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...
Building Future Ready VET systems - EU OECD webinar, 26 October 2023 - Malgor...
 
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...
Key indicators on vocational education - Insights from Education at a Glance ...
 
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidance
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidanceDisrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidance
Disrupted Futures 2023 | gender stereotype free career guidance
 
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptxAndreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
Andreas Schleicher Rethinking assessment - 13 October 2023 OECD Webinar.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Celine George
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文中 央社
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Denish Jangid
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint23600690
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxNehaChandwani11
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17Celine George
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryCeline George
 
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
MOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptxMOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptx
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptxPoojaSen20
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....Ritu480198
 
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptx
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptxBenefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptx
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptxsbabel
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...Gary Wood
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024CapitolTechU
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽中 央社
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxneillewis46
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
 
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptxThe Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
The Ball Poem- John Berryman_20240518_001617_0000.pptx
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
 
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 InventoryHow to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
How to Manage Closest Location in Odoo 17 Inventory
 
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
MOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptxMOOD     STABLIZERS           DRUGS.pptx
MOOD STABLIZERS DRUGS.pptx
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptx
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptxBenefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptx
Benefits and Challenges of OER by Shweta Babel.pptx
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
Capitol Tech Univ Doctoral Presentation -May 2024
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽會考英聽
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
 

Advancing Gender Equality The Crucial Role of Science and Technology 4 April Eric Charbonnier.pptx

  • 1. Advancing Gender Equality: The Crucial Role of Science and Technology
  • 2. Gender gap in reading performance Score-point difference in reading between boys and girls Figure I.4.8 -50 -45 -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 Jordan 342 Finland 490 United Arab Emirates 417 Slovenia 469 Norway 477 Qatar 419 Albania 358 Malta 445 Baku (Azerbaijan) 365 Sweden 487 Montenegro 405 Iceland 436 Jamaica* 410 Georgia 374 Philippines 347 Korea 515 Brunei Darussalam 429 Croatia 475 Dominican Republic 351 Bulgaria 404 Saudi Arabia 383 Malaysia 388 Lithuania 472 Moldova 411 Slovak Republic 447 Czech Republic 489 Poland 489 Latvia* 475 Belgium 479 Kazakhstan 386 Chinese Taipei 515 Estonia 511 Thailand 379 Romania 428 Netherlands* 459 New Zealand* 501 Serbia 440 North Macedonia 359 Greece 438 Spain 474 Kosovo 342 Türkiye 456 Mongolia 378 Canada* 507 OECD average 476 Switzerland 483 Ukrainian regions (18 of 27) 428 Israel 474 Indonesia 359 Hong Kong (China)* 500 Morocco 339 Uzbekistan 336 United States* 504 Australia* 498 Portugal 477 Denmark* 489 Austria 480 Cambodia 329 France 474 Singapore 543 Germany 480 Italy 482 Panama* 392 Paraguay 373 Ireland* 516 Viet Nam 462 Brazil 410 Hungary 473 Japan 516 United Kingdom* 494 Uruguay 430 Macao (China) 510 Argentina 401 El Salvador 365 Colombia 409 Guatemala 374 Peru 408 Mexico 415 Chile 448 Costa Rica 415 Score dif. Mean Boys scored higher than girls Boys scored lower than girls
  • 3. Gender gap in mathematics performance Score-point difference in mathematics between boys and girls Figure I.4.7 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 Palestinian Authority 366 Jordan 361 Philippines 355 Jamaica* 377 Brunei Darussalam 442 Malaysia 409 Qatar 414 United Arab Emirates 431 Baku (Azerbaijan) 397 Indonesia 366 North Macedonia 389 Thailand 394 Bulgaria 417 Mongolia 425 Georgia 390 Finland 484 Dominican Republic 339 Cambodia 336 Morocco 365 Slovenia 485 Norway 468 Montenegro 406 Kazakhstan 425 Kosovo 355 Slovak Republic 464 Malta 466 Saudi Arabia 389 Sweden 482 Iceland 459 Panama* 357 Moldova 414 Romania 428 Korea 527 Lithuania 475 Poland 489 Chinese Taipei 547 Türkiye 453 Greece 430 Uzbekistan 364 Estonia 510 El Salvador 343 Croatia 463 Czech Republic 487 Belgium 489 Brazil 379 Hong Kong (China)* 540 Japan 536 Colombia 383 OECD average 472 Latvia* 483 France 474 Ukrainian regions (18 of 27) 441 Spain 473 Viet Nam 469 New Zealand* 479 Portugal 472 Netherlands* 493 Switzerland 508 Uruguay 409 Serbia 440 Argentina 378 Israel 458 Australia* 487 Germany 475 Paraguay 338 Denmark* 489 Mexico 395 Singapore 575 Canada* 497 Guatemala 344 Ireland* 492 United States* 465 United Kingdom* 489 Hungary 473 Costa Rica 385 Peru 391 Macao (China) 552 Chile 412 Austria 487 Italy 471 Score dif. Boys scored higher than girls Boys scored lower than girls
  • 4. Gender gap in mathematics performance Score-point difference in mathematics between boys and girls Figure I.4.7 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 Palestinian Authority 366 Jordan 361 Philippines 355 Jamaica* 377 Brunei Darussalam 442 Malaysia 409 Qatar 414 United Arab Emirates 431 Baku (Azerbaijan) 397 Indonesia 366 North Macedonia 389 Thailand 394 Bulgaria 417 Mongolia 425 Georgia 390 Finland 484 Dominican Republic 339 Cambodia 336 Morocco 365 Slovenia 485 Norway 468 Montenegro 406 Kazakhstan 425 Kosovo 355 Slovak Republic 464 Malta 466 Saudi Arabia 389 Sweden 482 Iceland 459 Panama* 357 Moldova 414 Romania 428 Korea 527 Lithuania 475 Poland 489 Chinese Taipei 547 Türkiye 453 Greece 430 Uzbekistan 364 Estonia 510 El Salvador 343 Croatia 463 Czech Republic 487 Belgium 489 Brazil 379 Hong Kong (China)* 540 Japan 536 Colombia 383 OECD average 472 Latvia* 483 France 474 Ukrainian regions (18 of 27) 441 Spain 473 Viet Nam 469 New Zealand* 479 Portugal 472 Netherlands* 493 Switzerland 508 Uruguay 409 Serbia 440 Argentina 378 Israel 458 Australia* 487 Germany 475 Paraguay 338 Denmark* 489 Mexico 395 Singapore 575 Canada* 497 Guatemala 344 Ireland* 492 United States* 465 United Kingdom* 489 Hungary 473 Costa Rica 385 Peru 391 Macao (China) 552 Chile 412 Austria 487 Italy 471 90th percentile (highest-performing students) Score dif. Boys scored higher than girls Boys scored lower than girls
  • 5. There is a strong negative correlation across OECD countries between gender gaps in mathematics and reading Score point differences in PISA mathematics and reading scales (PISA 2022)
  • 6. Tertiary completion rates are especially high for women Completion rates of full-time students who entered a bachelor's (or equivalent level) programme, by gender and timeframe (2020) Figure B5.1. 0 25 50 75 100 United Kingdom Lithuania Israel Poland Finland Norway United States Canada Estonia Spain Average Slovenia Portugal Switzerland Iceland France New Zealand Sweden Australia Brazil Netherlands Austria Italy Colombia Flemish Comm. (Belgium) French Comm. (Belgium) Women by the theoretical duration Men by the theoretical duration Women by the theoretical duration plus 3 years Men by the theoretical duration plus 3 years
  • 7. Large gender gaps by field of study persist among new entrants Share of women among new entrants to tertiary education, by selected fields of study and level of education (2020) Figure B4.1. 0 25 50 75 100 Short-cycle Tertiary Bachelor's or equivalent Master's or equivalent Doctoral or equivalent Short-cycle Tertiary Bachelor's or equivalent Master's or equivalent Doctoral or equivalent Short-cycle Tertiary Bachelor's or equivalent Master's or equivalent Doctoral or equivalent Education Health and welfare STEM OECD average Lowest value among OECD countries Highest value among OECD countries
  • 8. Girls are under-represented in the fields of STEM and over-represented in certain other fields such as education and health and welfare. Share of women among new entrants to tertiary education, by selected fields of study (2020)
  • 9. Women are a minority among tertiary staff Share of women among academic staff (2005 and 2020) Figure D8.3. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Lithuania Latvia Finland New Zealand Belgium United States Canada Estonia Norway Israel Poland Netherlands Slovak Republic Brazil Sweden United Kingdom Portugal EU22 average France Türkiye Spain OECD average Denmark Costa Rica Austria India Slovenia Saudi Arabia Hungary Germany Colombia Italy Greece Switzerland Korea Luxembourg Japan 2020 2005
  • 10. Employment: The gender gap is particularly high among adults with low educational attainment Employment rates of 25-34 year-olds with below upper secondary attainment, by gender (2020) Figure D8.3. 73 65 57 56 54 53 53 51 50 50 49 48 48 48 47 47 46 45 44 43 43 43 42 42 42 41 41 40 39 38 38 37 37 37 36 36 35 33 30 30 26 26 24 23 22 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Iceland Portugal Switzerland New Zealand Luxembourg United Kingdom Netherlands Norway Latvia Austria Germany Russian Federation Chile Korea Indonesia Spain Sweden Denmark Estonia OECD average Australia Mexico Czech Republic Slovenia EU22 average United States Lithuania Argentina Canada Hungary Israel Greece Colombia France Belgium Costa Rica Brazil Ireland Finland Italy Turkey South Africa Slovak Republic Poland India Women Men
  • 11. The gender gap in the employment rate of 25-34 year-olds with tertiary qualification narrowed between 2015 and 2022 in around two-thirds of OECD countries Gender disparities in employment rates in percentage points; men minus employment rates of women
  • 12. Women earn 26% less than men, although the pay gap has narrowed in some countries Trends in women's earnings as a percentage of men's earnings (2013 and 2019) Figure D8.3. 95 83 83 81 80 80 80 80 80 79 78 77 77 77 76 76 76 76 76 75 75 75 74 73 73 73 73 72 71 71 71 70 69 69 68 68 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Costa Rica Luxembourg Slovenia Australia Turkey Latvia Switzerland Colombia Belgium New Zealand Netherlands Denmark Spain Finland Lithuania United Kingdom OECD average Norway France Estonia EU22 average Mexico Austria Korea Canada Czech Republic Portugal Slovak Republic United States Poland Italy Germany Ireland Israel Hungary Chile 2019 2013