I am very sure that we all conviced that the world is changing very fast. The new knowledge now may be obsulete in five years. The most attractive job today may diminish tomorrow. Expertise becomes commodity. Large fund is transferred to other countries within a few second or by a mouse click. In Malaysia; The economic and job market are constantly changing at a very fast rate Manufacturing and other economic activities are rapidly shifting to China and India Internet facilities are changing students’ learning habit The students are digital native Universities are expected to commercialise its research products Changing of Malaysian economic base from agreculture to manufacturing, to high–tech >> knowledge-based >> entrepreneurship >> Innovation-based in a very short time. Our society is actually changing at a very fast rate to an innovative society.
In preparing our graduates to face the future, let’s see the required attributes:
In UKM, we exemined all our programs’ curriculum in 2008 and this is the summary of our finding
Beside curriculum, lecturer quality, ICT enrichment and learning experiences must be in tendem with requirement of curriculum delivery. The quality of education will not exceed the quality of the lecturer. For this purpose we revamped our training modules and introduced a compulsory program for the lecturer in 2010. Our learning management system (e-learning system) was upgraded in 2008 and the whole campus, about 1000 acres, became a WIFI zone.
In early 2010, the senate approve Student Totoal Learning Experience Policy. The main aim of the policy is to prepare our students to be in compatible with Society 3.0, well rounded graduates with the highest achievement in cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains as well as in emotional and spiritual quotients. The challenge is to transform ourselve as lecturers to become integrated learning experience designers.
Learning everywhere, anytime, any palce. Our 1000 acre campus becomes learning space and broad band WIFI zone
As more project based and collaborative learning, the students learn from each other. Most of the time they can synthesis new knowledge and offer new solutions that we have never think of.
A traditional laboratory usually is isolated from society and industrial community. Often, researchers are immersed in their research without contact with the real world. As a result, most research products do not immediately benefit the society
Langkawi Geopark, for example, is the place where UKM students carry out their research on geology, tourism, empowerment of local population economically and small industries. The research products are utilised to develop Langkawi Island in a sustainable way. These activities contributed significantly to World Geopark status in June 1, 2007 by UNESCO.
Bandar Baru Bangi is other example of living laboratories. It is used by urban transport, architecture, urban design, electronic, education, social study and economic students. The research activities are carried out and implemented immediately in this town. For example, research in urban transport management system and smart camera were conducted and the research output are now implemented to manage urban transport and crime prevention in this town
Student centred learnings in UKM
Student Centered Learning in UKM Riza Atiq Rahmat Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia(The National University of Malaysia)
Changes Surrounding Universities in Malaysia• The economic and job market are constantly changing at a very fast rate• Manufacturing and other economic activities are rapidly shifting to China and India• Internet facilities are changing students’ learning habit• The students are digital native• Universities are expected to commercialise its research products• Changing of Malaysian economic base from agriculture >> manufacturing, to high–tech >> knowledge-based >> entrepreneur-Innovation based in a very short time
OBE (Pembelajaran Berasaskan Hasil)• Student-centered learning• Empirically measuring student performance, which are called outcomes• It requires that students demonstrate that they have learned the required skills and content• Often incorporate a host of many progressive pedagogical models and ideas, such as block scheduling, project-based learning, problem- based learning, work-based learning …..
Graduate attributes Program Outcomes• Complex problem solver• Knowledge producing graduate• Share, remix and capitalise on new ideas• Embrace change rather than fighting change• Innovative-Entrepreneurial• Global• Leverage and collaboration• Strong ethic
DeliveryOutcomes Delivery• Complex problem solver • Complicated project• Knowledge producing graduate • Research Project• Share, remix and capitalise on new ideas • Multi-disciplinary Problem• Embrace change rather than Based Learning fighting change • Case Study• Innovative-Entrepreneurial • Joint project with foreign U• Global• Leverage and collaboration • Group project• Strong ethic
Assessment of Student Program Outcomes knowledge skills behaviors Generic Skills Exam. Project simmulation Co-cur.
Implementing Constructive Alignment in Teaching and Assessment (Biggs 2010)
Outcomes Delivery AssessmentComplex problem solver Complicated project Project Report, portfolioKnowledge producing Research Project Project report, portfolio,graduate presentationShare, remix and capitalise Multi-disciplinary Problemon new ideas Based LearningEmbrace change rather Case studythan fighting changeInnovative-Entrepreneurial Case study, simulation, serious gameGlobal Joint project based learningLeverage and collaboration PBL, case studyStrong ethic PBL, simulation, serious game
Changing UKM Curriculum 2009 Gradually change to….. Teacher centered Student centredPrescription/rigid outcomes based Beyond Learning Outcome (unexpected)Limited stake holders involvement Active stake holders involvement Individual Collaborative Timetabled Immersive collaborative environment Course based Project based Tested (eg. Examination) Exhibit (more authentic) Top down Bottom up (student initiative) Expertise led Experience led Local Global
Requirement• Lecturer quality and professional certificate• Digital learning environment• Student Total Learning Experience environment
Paradigm shift:•From teacher centered tostudent centered,•From teaching to facilitating,•From lecturer to learningexperience designer
Residential space Faculty space Cultural spaceLibrary Innovativespace entrepreneurship space Co- curriculum Community space space IndustrialInternationalisation space space and attitude Knowledge, skills Time Experience Student Total Learning
The whole campus becomeslearning space – broad bandWIFI
Collaborative learningProject basedEagerness to learn from each other
Pitching and selling their ownproduct, based on their research(Final year)
Living laboratoriesA traditional laboratory usually is isolatedfrom society and industrial community.Researchers usually are immersed in theirresearch without contact with the realworld. As a result, most research productsdo not immediately benefit the society