Ch 13 sec 1

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Ch 13 sec 1

  1. 1. Industrial Revolution
  2. 2. Agricultural Revolution • Farmers developed methods that resulted in an increased food supply – Crop rotation – rotating crops so the nutrients in the land are not depleted.
  3. 3. • As more land became available, landowners raised more sheep • Sheep’s wool was a cash crop • Cottage Industries – wool was spun into cloth in a person’s home
  4. 4. • Landowners began to enclose their land to increase income. • Many were forced to seek work in the cities
  5. 5. Farming Machines • Seed Drill – Developed by Jethro Tull – Placed seeds in rows across a plot of land
  6. 6. Jethro Tull
  7. 7. • Iron Plow – Turned the soil more easily and enabled the field to be plowed more quickly
  8. 8. • Cotton Gin – Developed by Eli Whitney – Took seeds out of cotton
  9. 9. Eli Whitney
  10. 10. • Horse Drawn Reaping Machine – Enabled farmers to cut wheat much more quickly – Invented by Cyrus McCormick
  11. 11. Cyrus McCormick
  12. 12. • Threshing machine – Developed by Andrew Meikle – Separate the wheat from the husks and stalks quickly
  13. 13. Andrew Meikle
  14. 14. • Steam Tractor – Developed by John Fowler – It lowered the cost of plowing fields
  15. 15. John Fowler
  16. 16. Industrial Revolution • The 18th and 19th centuries • It began in Great Britain
  17. 17. • Factories were created to house the large machines • Animals or running water were initially used for power
  18. 18. • Steam engine – James Watt made significant improvements to it – Provided consistent and reliable power for the Industrial Revolution
  19. 19. • Flying shuttle – Enabled workers to weave the strands of cotton into cloth much more rapidly – Developed by John Kay
  20. 20. John Kay
  21. 21. • Spinning Jenny – Could quickly spin many strands of cotton into thread – Developed by James Hargreaves
  22. 22. James Hargreaves
  23. 23. • Entrepreneurs were people who developed businesses and sold their inventions • Richard Arkwright was one of the most famous entrepreneurs • He got the government to grant patents
  24. 24. Richard Arkwright
  25. 25. Factors that Encouraged the Rise of Industry: 1. Growing population 2. Abundant raw materials 3. Stable government

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