Ch 8 Social Stratification

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Ch 8 Social Stratification

  1. 2. <ul><li>Complete the “Social Stratification Survey” and hand-in </li></ul><ul><li>Results for “Social Stratification Survey” will be anonymous </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Social Stratification is the ranking of people or groups according to their unequal access to scarce resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarce is an insufficient amount to satisfy the need or demand </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Listen to Dr. Seuss’s story, The Sneetches and answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>In Sneetchland, what resource is scarce? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this scarce resource, how are Sneetches divided? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of this scarce resource, how are Sneetches treated? </li></ul><ul><li>How do those Sneetches, without this resource attempt to move up in society? </li></ul><ul><li>How do those Sneetches, with this resource attempt to regain their status? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the eventual outcome of the Sneetches choices? </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Social stratification is the creation of layers of people who possess unequal share of resources </li></ul><ul><li>The most important resources are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prestige </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Social Stratification Each of the layers in a stratification system is a social class . Social Class is segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of resources and share values, norms and an identifiable lifestyle.
  6. 7. <ul><li>Complete the “Prestige Dimension Survey” by assigning the appropriate rankings </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Complete the “Prestige Dimension Survey Results” Questions </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>I WOULD RATHER BE POPULAR THAN SMART. </li></ul><ul><li>ALL PEOPLE SHOULD RECEIVE A FREE COLLEGE EDUCATION </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>I WOULD RATHER BE RICH THAN RESPECTED. </li></ul><ul><li>RESPECTED PEOPLE ARE RICH. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>POWERFUL PEOPLE CAN BE MIDDLE-CLASS AND POOR. </li></ul><ul><li>I RESPECT POLICE OFFICERS MORE THAN I RESPECT PROFESSIONAL ATHLETES. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD PAY FOR ALL PEOPLE’S HEALTHCARE. </li></ul><ul><li>I WOULD RATHER HAVE A JOB I DON’T LIKE AND BE RICH , THAN HAVE A JOB I DO LIKE AND BE MIDDLE CLASS. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>I JUDGE PEOPLE BASED ON THE CLOTHES THAT THEY WEAR. </li></ul><ul><li>THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD HELP PEOPLE THAT ARE HOMELESS. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>POOR PEOPLE ARE LAZY. </li></ul><ul><li>I WOULD BE WILLING TO LIE, STEAL, AND CHEAT IF IT MEANT THAT WOULD BE A MULTI-MILLIONAIRE. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>POWERFUL PEOPLE ARE RICH. </li></ul><ul><li>IF I WON 10 MILLION DOLLARS IN THE LOTTERY, I WOULD QUIT SCHOOL. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>I AM WILLING TO GO INTO DEBT TO LOOK LIKE I HAVE MONEY. </li></ul><ul><li>RESPECTED PEOPLE CAN BE MIDDLE-CLASS AND POOR. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>I WOULD RATHER BE FAMOUS THAN SMART. </li></ul><ul><li>I RESPECT A MAFIA DON MORE THAN I DO A TEACHER. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>I WOULD RATHER WIN AN OSCAR, THAN A NOBLE PEACE PRIZE. </li></ul><ul><li>WOMEN ARE USUALLY MORE LIKELY TO BE POOR THAN MEN. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Economic Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie vs. Proletariat: Whoever controls the capital controls the legal, educational and governmental systems </li></ul><ul><li>Income vs. wealth: Most people have income but who controls the wealth? </li></ul><ul><li>Power Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Do those who control capital control the power? </li></ul><ul><li>Can people expand their power? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you exercise power without being wealthy? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige is voluntary given </li></ul><ul><li>Which similar characteristics do prestigious people possess? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you be born into prestige? </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>false consciousness – adoption of the ideas of the dominant class </li></ul><ul><li>class consciousness – identification with the goals and interests of a social class </li></ul><ul><li>Social mobility – the movement of individuals or groups between social classes </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal mobility – a change in occupation within the same social class </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical mobility – a change upward or downward in occupational status or social class </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Record the following question and definition and hand in at the end of class (with question answered) </li></ul><ul><li>Does the United States have an open-class system or a caste system ? Explain your reasoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Open-class system – a system in which social class is based on merit and individual effort; movement is allowed between classes </li></ul><ul><li>Caste system – a stratification structure that doe not allowed for social mobility </li></ul>
  21. 22. Social Stratification Each of the layers in a stratification system is a social class . Social Class is segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of resources and share values, norms and an identifiable lifestyle.
  22. 23. <ul><li>Upper Class – investors, heirs, chief </li></ul><ul><ul><li>executive officers; annual income over $4 million dollars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upper Middle Class – upper-level managers, professionals, owners of medium-sized businesses; annual income $150,000-4 million dollars </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Middle Class – lower-level managers, semiprofessionals, craftspeople, foremen, non-retail salespeople, clerical; annual income $45,000-$150,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Working Class – low-skill manual, clerical, retail sales workers; annual income $30,000-45,000 </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Working Poor – lowest-paid manual, retail, and service workers, people employed in low-skill jobs with the lowest pay who do not earn enough to rise out of poverty; annual income $20,000-30,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Underclass – unemployed people, people in part-time menial jobs, people receiving public assistance; people typically unemployed who came from families that have been poor for generations </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Watch the excerpt from the film Titanic , and identify the differences between the upper and lower class? </li></ul><ul><li>Do people become class conscious? </li></ul><ul><li>What impact does class consciousness have on their success? </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Horizontal mobility – a change in occupation within the same social class </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical mobility – a change upward or downward in occupational status or social class </li></ul><ul><li>Is social mobility possible? If so, what is more likely horizontal mobility or vertical mobility ? Why? </li></ul>
  27. 28. Social Stratification
  28. 29. <ul><li>Relative Poverty: a measure of poverty based on economic disparity between those at the bottom of a society and the rest of society </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute poverty : the absence of enough money to secure life’s necessities </li></ul>

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