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PARTICIPATORY  PLANNING                ANKIT KUAMR                2110200076
INTRODUCTION                              (Involving participation of people.)Participatory planning is part of thedecentr...
Purpose Of Participatory Planning1. Identification of the felt needs of the   people.2. The empowerment of local   disadva...
Salient FeaturesThe planning process should produce two sets of results.1.   In the short term, the tools of participatory...
METHODS OF PLANNINGRapid Rural Appraisal methods(RRA):• RRA can be defined as a  qualitative survey  methodology using a  ...
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)PRA is a label given to a growing family ofparticipatory approaches and methods thatemp...
Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)
Steps in participatory planning    Conduct gramsabhas to identify the needs of the peopleAssessment of the local resources...
Risks involved and key success factors  The major risk in participatory planning is that any  failure in the implementatio...
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Participatory planning
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Participatory planning

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Participatory planning

  1. 1. PARTICIPATORY PLANNING ANKIT KUAMR 2110200076
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION (Involving participation of people.)Participatory planning is part of thedecentralization(Decentralization is the transfer of powerand authority from the central/state government to the local levelgovernment)processand it aims to identify thecritical problems and solve these problemsby different methods. .Participatoryplanningis part of the decentralisation process and it aims to identify the critical problems,
  3. 3. Purpose Of Participatory Planning1. Identification of the felt needs of the people.2. The empowerment of local disadvantaged groups.3. Integration of local knowledge systems into project design.4. Political commitment and support.5. Two‐way learning process between the project and local people.
  4. 4. Salient FeaturesThe planning process should produce two sets of results.1. In the short term, the tools of participatory planning shouldgenerate a two‐way learning process, which will shape projectto local needs,2. In the long term, this learning process should lead to localempowerment and effective support at the institutional level.
  5. 5. METHODS OF PLANNINGRapid Rural Appraisal methods(RRA):• RRA can be defined as a qualitative survey methodology using a multi‐discipline team to formulate problems for research and development.• It involves external experts teaming up with local community in a process of knowledge sharing.
  6. 6. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)PRA is a label given to a growing family ofparticipatory approaches and methods thatemphasize local knowledge and enable localpeople to make their own appraisal, analysis, andplans.This tool is efficient in terms of both time andmoney. PRA work together enough information tomake the necessary recommendations anddecisions.
  7. 7. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)
  8. 8. Steps in participatory planning Conduct gramsabhas to identify the needs of the peopleAssessment of the local resources and problems and accordingly Formulate development reports Preparation of project proposals through specific task forces Formulation of local plans by elected bodies(Panchayat) Formulation of plans at the higher levels Appraisal and approval of plans by an expert committee
  9. 9. Risks involved and key success factors The major risk in participatory planning is that any failure in the implementation of a project results in disinterest among the community which in turn shuts down any possibility of further participatory planning process with the community. the participatory planning process should try to focus on those issues which can be solved with the available resources and gain the confidence of the community. the key factor for successful participatory planning is to build a relationship of mutual trust and then start the planning process.
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