SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 9
Download to read offline
Better lives through livestock
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling
practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya
Patricia Koech
W Ogutu, L Ochieng, D Grace, G Gitao, L Bebora, M Korir, F Mutua, A Moodley
2
Introduction
• In Kenya, approximately 70% of all diarrheal cases is
attributed to contaminated food and water.
• Animal-source foods are associated with 40% of the
global burden of foodborne diseases.
• Traditional productions and informal market systems are
common in Kenya.
• Stakeholders have limited resources thus inadequate
infrastructure for safe handling of meat.
• Need for evidence-based interventions to address key
meat safety issues.
3
Methodology
• Visited 200 butcher shops in 4
counties in Nairobi. Purchased one
beef sample for microbiological
testing & performed an observational
survey
•
• A non-parametric test was used to
compare the mean CFUs from
different study sites
• Linear regression was used to assess
the association between the observed
handling practices and the microbial
loads in meat.
4
Results
• % of meat samples with total
coliform counts above acceptable
limits at the 4 study sites
• Log CFU total coliform counts from
meat samples in the 4 study sites
5
Results
• No Salmonella were
detected
• Instead found a wide
range of Gram-
negative
6
Results
• 85% of attendants neither
washed their hands before nor
after handling the meat.
• 91% handled money while
concurrently selling meat.
• All the meat types
mixed together and
placed in the same
freezer together with
offals.
• Meat from different
species and offals were
displayed together.
7
Conclusion and recommendation
• Most meat sold in peri-urban areas of Nairobi were contaminated with coliforms and E.
coli above the accepted regulatory levels.
• Observed a number of poor meat handling practices.
• Poor hygiene practices coupled with the presence of microbial loads above the
regulatory acceptable limits → increased risk of foodborne illness to consumers.
• Urgent need for education of butcher shop attendants on the appropriate handling of
meat, highlighting the importance of good hygienic practices and improving food safety.
• Results can be used to guide policymakers in identifying critical control points for
designing meat safety interventions.
8
Acknowledgments
• This work is financed by BMZ through OHRECA
• It is implemented in partnership with VSF-Germany, Nairobi County.
Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya

More Related Content

Similar to Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya

Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...
Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...
Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...ILRI
 
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORK
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORKMarket based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORK
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORKILRI
 
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...ILRI
 
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...Francois Stepman
 
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member states
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member statesZoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member states
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member statesILRI
 
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISK
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISKImproving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISK
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISKILRI
 
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: a One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research:  a One Health perspectiveFood safety and antimicrobial resistance research:  a One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: a One Health perspectiveILRI
 
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sector
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sectorFood safety in Vietnam’s livestock sector
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sectorILRI
 
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...ILRI
 
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systems
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systemsNutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systems
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systemsIbrahim A Khan
 
Food safety in informal markets
Food safety in informal marketsFood safety in informal markets
Food safety in informal marketsILRI
 
Food Safety in Informal Markets
Food Safety in Informal MarketsFood Safety in Informal Markets
Food Safety in Informal Markets2020resilience
 
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...ILRI
 
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...ILRI
 
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...ILRI
 
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014ILRI
 
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...ILRI
 
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizing
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizingThe role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizing
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizingILRI
 
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspectiveFood safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspectiveILRI
 

Similar to Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya (20)

Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...
Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...
Food safety along informal pork market chains in Vietnam: Experience from an ...
 
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORK
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORKMarket based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORK
Market based approaches to improving the safety of pork in Vietnam—SafePORK
 
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...
Food safety research for development in sub-Saharan Africa: Tapping the exper...
 
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reductionAASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
AASW: Livestock research for Africa’s food security and poverty reduction
 
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...
Role of informal markets in the dairy sector. Towards professionalizing, not ...
 
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member states
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member statesZoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member states
Zoonoses and food safety related activities in APHCA member states
 
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISK
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISKImproving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISK
Improving food safety along the pork value chain in Vietnam—PigRISK
 
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: a One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research:  a One Health perspectiveFood safety and antimicrobial resistance research:  a One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: a One Health perspective
 
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sector
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sectorFood safety in Vietnam’s livestock sector
Food safety in Vietnam’s livestock sector
 
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...
Food safety challenges in traditional pork value chains and policy engagement...
 
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systems
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systemsNutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systems
Nutritional characterization of chicken breast meat from two production systems
 
Food safety in informal markets
Food safety in informal marketsFood safety in informal markets
Food safety in informal markets
 
Food Safety in Informal Markets
Food Safety in Informal MarketsFood Safety in Informal Markets
Food Safety in Informal Markets
 
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...
Smallholder pig value chains transformation in Uganda: Results, lessons and i...
 
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...
Feed storage practices and awareness of aflatoxins in the Greater Addis Ababa...
 
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...
Safer pork: From assessment to interventions targeting rural and urban pork s...
 
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014
Safe Food, Fair Food, Ethiopia: Rapid assessment report 2014
 
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...
Pork safety assessment and first results from pilot interventions targeting s...
 
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizing
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizingThe role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizing
The role of informal food markets—Towards professionalizing, not criminalizing
 
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspectiveFood safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspective
Food safety and antimicrobial resistance research: A One Health perspective
 

More from ILRI

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...ILRI
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...ILRI
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...ILRI
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...ILRI
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesILRI
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseaseILRI
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistanceILRI
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesILRI
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICILRI
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaILRI
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldILRI
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaILRI
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaILRI
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsILRI
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...ILRI
 
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformationLivestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformationILRI
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...ILRI
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsILRI
 
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...ILRI
 

More from ILRI (20)

How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
How the small-scale low biosecurity sector could be transformed into a more b...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des ...
 
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
A training, certification and marketing scheme for informal dairy vendors in ...
 
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
Milk safety and child nutrition impacts of the MoreMilk training, certificati...
 
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseasesPreventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
Preventing the next pandemic: a 12-slide primer on emerging zoonotic diseases
 
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne diseasePreventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
Preventing preventable diseases: a 12-slide primer on foodborne disease
 
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistancePreventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
Preventing a post-antibiotic era: a 12-slide primer on antimicrobial resistance
 
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countriesFood safety research in low- and middle-income countries
Food safety research in low- and middle-income countries
 
Food safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMICFood safety research LMIC
Food safety research LMIC
 
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern AfricaThe application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
The application of One Health: Observations from eastern and southern Africa
 
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the fieldOne Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
One Health in action: Perspectives from 10 years in the field
 
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in UgandaReservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
Reservoirs of pathogenic Leptospira species in Uganda
 
Minyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwaMinyoo ya mbwa
Minyoo ya mbwa
 
Parasites in dogs
Parasites in dogsParasites in dogs
Parasites in dogs
 
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
Ecological factors associated with abundance and distribution of mosquito vec...
 
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformationLivestock in the agrifood systems transformation
Livestock in the agrifood systems transformation
 
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
Development of a fluorescent RBL reporter system for diagnosis of porcine cys...
 
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farmsPractices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
Practices and drivers of antibiotic use in Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
 
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
A gentle push towards improved hygiene and food safety through ‘nudge’ interv...
 

Recently uploaded

ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...
ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...
ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...Chayanika Das
 
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science students
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science studentsAnatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science students
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science studentsgargipatil3210
 
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWST
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWSTInterpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWST
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWSTAlexander F. Mayer
 
Presentation about adversarial image attacks
Presentation about adversarial image attacksPresentation about adversarial image attacks
Presentation about adversarial image attacksKoshinKhodiyar
 
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdf
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdfigcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdf
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdfTeenaSheikh
 
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R ppt
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R pptSANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R ppt
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R pptKARTHIK REDDY C A
 
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptx
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptxPharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptx
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptxeAuditor Audits & Inspections
 
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological Correlations
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological CorrelationsTimeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological Correlations
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological CorrelationsDanielBaumann11
 
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptx
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptxDEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptx
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptxAiswarya47
 
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀Tokyo Chemicals Industry (TCI)
 
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer Zahana
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer ZahanaEGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer Zahana
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer ZahanaDr.Mahmoud Abbas
 
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformation
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformationRemote patient monitoring :Health care transformation
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformationfahad Alotaibiu
 
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of Cannabinoids
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of CannabinoidsTotal Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of Cannabinoids
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of CannabinoidsMarkus Roggen
 
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...Sérgio Sacani
 
Potato spindle tuber disease VIRIOID DISEASE
Potato spindle tuber disease  VIRIOID DISEASEPotato spindle tuber disease  VIRIOID DISEASE
Potato spindle tuber disease VIRIOID DISEASEKARTHIK REDDY C A
 
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae K R.pptx
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae  K R.pptxMycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae  K R.pptx
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae K R.pptxKARTHIK REDDY C A
 
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agriculture
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agricultureFUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agriculture
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agricultureDrAnita Sharma
 
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton KKR.pptx
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton   KKR.pptxDERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton   KKR.pptx
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton KKR.pptxKARTHIK REDDY C A
 

Recently uploaded (20)

ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...
ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...
ESSENTIAL FEATURES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING FOUR TYPES OF BIOSAFETY LABORATO...
 
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science students
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science studentsAnatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science students
Anatomy of Duodenum- detailed ppt presentation for science students
 
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWST
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWSTInterpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWST
Interpreting SDSS extragalactic data in the era of JWST
 
Presentation about adversarial image attacks
Presentation about adversarial image attacksPresentation about adversarial image attacks
Presentation about adversarial image attacks
 
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdf
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdfigcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdf
igcse_edexcel_math-_gold_qp1_-igcse_9-1_.pdf
 
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R ppt
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R pptSANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R ppt
SANDAL SPIKE MYCOPLASMAL DISEASE K R ppt
 
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptx
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptxPharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptx
Pharmaceutical warehouse audit using eAuditor Audits & Inspections .pptx
 
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological Correlations
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological CorrelationsTimeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological Correlations
Timeless Cosmology: Towards a Geometric Origin of Cosmological Correlations
 
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptx
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptxDEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptx
DEVIATION OF REAL GAS FROM IDEAL BEHAVIOUR.pptx
 
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀
𝗧𝗖𝗢 (𝙩𝙧𝙖𝙣𝙨-𝗰𝘆𝗰𝗹𝗼𝗼𝗰𝘁𝗲𝗻𝗲) 𝗗𝗲𝗿𝗶𝘃𝗮𝘁𝗶𝘃𝗲𝘀: 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗙𝗮𝘀𝘁𝗲𝘀𝘁 𝗖𝗹𝗶𝗰𝗸 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗰𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗴𝗲𝗻𝘁𝘀
 
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer Zahana
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer ZahanaEGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer Zahana
EGYPTIAN IMPRINT IN SPAIN Lecture by Dr Abeer Zahana
 
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformation
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformationRemote patient monitoring :Health care transformation
Remote patient monitoring :Health care transformation
 
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of Cannabinoids
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of CannabinoidsTotal Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of Cannabinoids
Total Legal: A “Joint” Journey into the Chemistry of Cannabinoids
 
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...
The SAMI Galaxy Sur v ey: galaxy spin is more strongly correlated with stella...
 
Potato spindle tuber disease VIRIOID DISEASE
Potato spindle tuber disease  VIRIOID DISEASEPotato spindle tuber disease  VIRIOID DISEASE
Potato spindle tuber disease VIRIOID DISEASE
 
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae K R.pptx
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae  K R.pptxMycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae  K R.pptx
Mycoplasma Mycoplasma pneumoniae K R.pptx
 
Biopreservation .pptx
Biopreservation                    .pptxBiopreservation                    .pptx
Biopreservation .pptx
 
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agriculture
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agricultureFUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agriculture
FUNDAMENTAL OF ENTOMOLOGY notes for b sc agriculture
 
Bioenergetics and the role of ATP to drive the beats of life.
Bioenergetics and the role of ATP to drive the beats of life.Bioenergetics and the role of ATP to drive the beats of life.
Bioenergetics and the role of ATP to drive the beats of life.
 
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton KKR.pptx
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton   KKR.pptxDERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton   KKR.pptx
DERMATOMYCOSIS Epidermophyton KKR.pptx
 

Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya

  • 1. Better lives through livestock Assessing meat microbiological safety and associated handling practices in butcheries in Nairobi, Kenya Patricia Koech W Ogutu, L Ochieng, D Grace, G Gitao, L Bebora, M Korir, F Mutua, A Moodley
  • 2. 2 Introduction • In Kenya, approximately 70% of all diarrheal cases is attributed to contaminated food and water. • Animal-source foods are associated with 40% of the global burden of foodborne diseases. • Traditional productions and informal market systems are common in Kenya. • Stakeholders have limited resources thus inadequate infrastructure for safe handling of meat. • Need for evidence-based interventions to address key meat safety issues.
  • 3. 3 Methodology • Visited 200 butcher shops in 4 counties in Nairobi. Purchased one beef sample for microbiological testing & performed an observational survey • • A non-parametric test was used to compare the mean CFUs from different study sites • Linear regression was used to assess the association between the observed handling practices and the microbial loads in meat.
  • 4. 4 Results • % of meat samples with total coliform counts above acceptable limits at the 4 study sites • Log CFU total coliform counts from meat samples in the 4 study sites
  • 5. 5 Results • No Salmonella were detected • Instead found a wide range of Gram- negative
  • 6. 6 Results • 85% of attendants neither washed their hands before nor after handling the meat. • 91% handled money while concurrently selling meat. • All the meat types mixed together and placed in the same freezer together with offals. • Meat from different species and offals were displayed together.
  • 7. 7 Conclusion and recommendation • Most meat sold in peri-urban areas of Nairobi were contaminated with coliforms and E. coli above the accepted regulatory levels. • Observed a number of poor meat handling practices. • Poor hygiene practices coupled with the presence of microbial loads above the regulatory acceptable limits → increased risk of foodborne illness to consumers. • Urgent need for education of butcher shop attendants on the appropriate handling of meat, highlighting the importance of good hygienic practices and improving food safety. • Results can be used to guide policymakers in identifying critical control points for designing meat safety interventions.
  • 8. 8 Acknowledgments • This work is financed by BMZ through OHRECA • It is implemented in partnership with VSF-Germany, Nairobi County.