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Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des petits ruminants and its control in West Africa: Case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal

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Poster by Guy Ilboudo, Abel Sènabgè Biguezoton, Cheick Abou Kounta Sidibé, Modou Moustapha Lo, Zoë Campbell and Michel Dione presented at the 6th Peste des Petits Ruminants Global Research and Expertise Networks (PPR-GREN) annual meeting, Bengaluru, India, 29 November 2023.

Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des petits ruminants and its control in West Africa: Case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal

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Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices
towards peste des petits ruminants and its control in West
Africa: Case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal
Conclusion
▪ Many livestock keepers know about PPR.
▪ Most do not know PPR clinical signs.
▪ Few livestock keepers isolate sick animals.
▪ Highest knowledge of PPR vaccine in Burkina
Faso.
▪ High use of antibiotics to prevent disease.
Opportunities for increasing awareness of PPR
and control strategies amongst livestock
keepers.
Introduction
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) eradication
in low- and middle-income countries requires
participation of small ruminant keepers. The
evaluation of the knowledge, attitudes, and
practices of the main beneficiaries of control
strategies is an important component.
Aim
▪ To measure small ruminant keepers’
knowledge of PPR disease
▪ To measure attitude and practices towards
PPR control
Guy Ilboudo1*, Abel Sènabgè Biguezoton2, Cheick Abou Kounta Sidibé3, Modou Moustapha Lo4, Zoë Campbell5 and Michel Dione6
1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Burkina Faso, 2 Centre international de Recherche-Développement sur l’Elevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES),
Burkina Faso; 3 Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire (LCV), Mali; 4 Institut Sénégalais de Recherche Agricole (ISRA), Sénégal; 5 ILRI, Kenya; 6 ILRI, Senegal
Fig 1: Map of study area
Findings
Methods
▪ Cross sectional study conducted in
Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal as part of
the Epidemiology and Control of Peste des
Petits Ruminants (Eco-PPR) project
implementation.
▪ Intra-household interviews conducted in
2,250 households from each of the 15
selected departments/provinces of the 3
countries (map below) from January-
August 2021.
▪ Targeted men and women respondents in
pastoral and agro-pastoral production
systems.
▪ Descriptive analysis.
Burkina Faso Mali Senegal
Have you heard about PPR disease ?
Yes 1199 (81%) 992 (67%) 136 (92%)
No 289 (19%) 499 (34%) 127 (9%)
Have you had the disease in your flock ?
Yes 521 (35%) 472 (32%) 751 (50%)
No 695 (47%) 682 (46%) 558 (37%)
Don’t know 272 (18%) 337 (23%) 185 (12%)
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
Senegal Mali Burkina Faso
Yes No
Fig 3: What do you do if you suspect PPR
in your flock? (% respondents)
Fig 4: What do you do to prevent small ruminant
disease? (% respondents)
Fig 5: Have you heard about PPR vaccination ?
(% respondents)
Table 1: Information related to PPR knowledge and occurrence
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
Burkina Faso Mali Senegal
Veterinarian Vaccinate
ModernMed Isolate
Nothing Neighbour
TraditionalMed Other
Sell
Fig 2: How do you recognize PPR? (%
respondents)
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
Burkina Faso Mali Senegal
Don't know Nose discharge
Diarrhea Eye discharge
Others Coughing
Oral erosion Sudden death
Weight loss Difficult breathing
Abortion
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Burkina Faso
Mali
Senegal
Herbal Nothing
Other Nutritional suplementation
Dewormings Antibiotics
Vaccination
Guy Ilboudo
International Livestock Research Institute
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | ilri.org
g.ilboudo@cgiar.org | +226 25333310

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Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des petits ruminants and its control in West Africa: Case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal

  • 1. Small ruminant keepers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards peste des petits ruminants and its control in West Africa: Case studies from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal Conclusion ▪ Many livestock keepers know about PPR. ▪ Most do not know PPR clinical signs. ▪ Few livestock keepers isolate sick animals. ▪ Highest knowledge of PPR vaccine in Burkina Faso. ▪ High use of antibiotics to prevent disease. Opportunities for increasing awareness of PPR and control strategies amongst livestock keepers. Introduction Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) eradication in low- and middle-income countries requires participation of small ruminant keepers. The evaluation of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the main beneficiaries of control strategies is an important component. Aim ▪ To measure small ruminant keepers’ knowledge of PPR disease ▪ To measure attitude and practices towards PPR control Guy Ilboudo1*, Abel Sènabgè Biguezoton2, Cheick Abou Kounta Sidibé3, Modou Moustapha Lo4, Zoë Campbell5 and Michel Dione6 1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Burkina Faso, 2 Centre international de Recherche-Développement sur l’Elevage en zone Subhumide (CIRDES), Burkina Faso; 3 Laboratoire Central Vétérinaire (LCV), Mali; 4 Institut Sénégalais de Recherche Agricole (ISRA), Sénégal; 5 ILRI, Kenya; 6 ILRI, Senegal Fig 1: Map of study area Findings Methods ▪ Cross sectional study conducted in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal as part of the Epidemiology and Control of Peste des Petits Ruminants (Eco-PPR) project implementation. ▪ Intra-household interviews conducted in 2,250 households from each of the 15 selected departments/provinces of the 3 countries (map below) from January- August 2021. ▪ Targeted men and women respondents in pastoral and agro-pastoral production systems. ▪ Descriptive analysis. Burkina Faso Mali Senegal Have you heard about PPR disease ? Yes 1199 (81%) 992 (67%) 136 (92%) No 289 (19%) 499 (34%) 127 (9%) Have you had the disease in your flock ? Yes 521 (35%) 472 (32%) 751 (50%) No 695 (47%) 682 (46%) 558 (37%) Don’t know 272 (18%) 337 (23%) 185 (12%) 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 Senegal Mali Burkina Faso Yes No Fig 3: What do you do if you suspect PPR in your flock? (% respondents) Fig 4: What do you do to prevent small ruminant disease? (% respondents) Fig 5: Have you heard about PPR vaccination ? (% respondents) Table 1: Information related to PPR knowledge and occurrence 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Burkina Faso Mali Senegal Veterinarian Vaccinate ModernMed Isolate Nothing Neighbour TraditionalMed Other Sell Fig 2: How do you recognize PPR? (% respondents) 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 Burkina Faso Mali Senegal Don't know Nose discharge Diarrhea Eye discharge Others Coughing Oral erosion Sudden death Weight loss Difficult breathing Abortion 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 Burkina Faso Mali Senegal Herbal Nothing Other Nutritional suplementation Dewormings Antibiotics Vaccination Guy Ilboudo International Livestock Research Institute Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | ilri.org g.ilboudo@cgiar.org | +226 25333310