The Middle Ages


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The Middle Ages

  1. 1. D: 12/6/12A: Notes on the Middle AgesS: How did feudalism work?H: Nonew.o.d: RenaissanceWarm-Up: Renaissance Reading
  2. 2. Word of the Day WORD DEIFINTION SENTENCE PICTURE Period of great Most of achievement Europe’s wellrenaissance in art and know artists learning that and writers began in Italy Became in the 1300s Famous and spread during the Throughout Renaissance. Europe.
  3. 3. The Middle Ages toColonization
  4. 4. I. The Middle AgesA. Dark age for Europe.B. Constant invastions and few resources required that Europeans develop a new system for living.C. This new system included all aspects of life, political, economic, and social. It was called feudalism
  5. 5. II. FeudalismA. The economic portion of feudalism was centered around the lord’s estates or manors, and is called Manoralism.B. A lords manor would include peasant village, a church, farm land, a mill, and the lords castleC. Socially there were 4 classes of peopleD. Politically only the nobles had a say in government
  6. 6. III. Social FeudalismA. King I. Owned everything but gave some land, money & power to the LordsB. Lords I. Ruled over the land from the King including all the people in it but paid taxesC. Knights I. Protected the king, lords & land in exchange for a place to live, money and foodD. Peasants/Serfs I. Worked the land, paid taxes and had no power in exchange for protection
  7. 7. IV. ManoralismA. Manors were self sufficient; all economic activity occurred on the manor.B. This meant that little to no trading occurred during this time period.C. The serfs did all the working in the fields, maintaining roads and were servants in the castle
  8. 8. V. Role of the ChurchA. Spiritual I. Central to medieval life from baptism to death.B. Secular I. The Church was the largest land owner II. Gained wealth through tithes III. Had its own laws and courts which frequently clashed with King’s. IV. Some parish priests ran schools.
  9. 9. VI. Separation of the ChurchA. Around 800 Western Europe was briefly unified under CharlemagneB. Charlemagne conquered many lands but split Europe into Eastern and Western ChristianityC. In the east they practiced Eastern OrthodoxyD. In the west they were Roman Catholic
  10. 10. VII. The CrusadesA. In 1050 the Turks invaded and conquered Palestine also called the Holy LandB. Christians, Muslims & Jews all claimed this land as their own.C. The Pope called for the Crusades to free the Holy Land
  11. 11. VIII. Impact of the CrusadesA. Cultural diffusionB. Increase in tradeC. Trade route opened the door to build citiesD. The end of the feudal system as serfs began to make money and used it instead of service
  12. 12. IX. The Bubonic PlagueA. Known as the black death the disease was spread by fleas on ratsB. It started in China and moved as trade routes opened up.C. Between 1347 and 1353 the plague killed over 60 million people in Europe & Asia
  13. 13. X. The RenaissanceA. During the Middle Ages philosophers worried about what happened after people deathB. The Renaissance meaning rebirth marked a change in thinking and people began to question the church and worried about life on earthC. Huge gains were made in science, literature and artD. The Greeks & Romans were glorified
  14. 14. XI. Renaissance ArtA. Created some of the most famous paintings, sculptures and architectureB. Art was supported by the church, wealthy nobles and royalsC. Art was detailed, realistic and study the human formD. Most well known artists were Michelangelo and DaVinci
  15. 15. XII. Renaissance LiteratureA. Dante wrote the Divine ComedyB. Cervantes wrote Don QuixoteC. Shakespeare wrote many plays and sonnetsD. Machiavelli wrote The PrinceE. The printing press invented in 1300 allowed for written works to be easily copiedF. Gutenberg was used the press to copy the Bible in 1453G. As more books were printed ideas were spread worldwide
  16. 16. XIII. The ReformationA. Once the Renaissance started the church realized they needed a changeB. The purpose was to stop people from leaving the church to become ProtestantC. Protestantism was started by Martin Luther who taught that God not the Pope was the only one who could grant forgiveness this started the Reformation and break off of the church
  17. 17. XIV. Effects of the ReformationA. Formation of Protestant churchesB. Loss of political & religious unityC. Anti-Semitism or persecution of the JewsD. Witch hunts
  18. 18. XV. SummaryA. Feudalism of the middle ages declined as peasants fought with the nobles for powerB. The Renaissance sparked a new way of thinking that caused people to leave the church and the printing press helped these ideas spread all over.C. People begin to unite under strong monarchs and new cities emerge and vie for power, money & land even colonies